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Marxists believe that political power has its origins in economic power. Therefore those who own the means of production (wealth, factories, businesses, money) - the bourgeoisie have both economic and political power over the non owners (the working class or proletariat).
Government and the State therefore exist to maintain the class divisions in society.
Marxists acknowledge that in capitalist societies there sometimes appears to be consent for the authority of the capitalists from the workers, but argue that this is "false consciousness" - capitalist ideas and attitudes are imposed on the working class through ideological manipulation.
The dominant capitalist ideology is said to be imposed on workers in schools, through the media and through organised religion. For example children in schools are "taught" how to compete for scarce qualifications, the media manipulates the news to show capitalist interests in a good light, and religion "teaches" the poor to put up with their conditions and wait for the after life.
Cultural hegemony is the dominance of one social group over another, i.e. the ruling class over all other classes. The ideas of the ruling class come to be seen as the norm; they are seen as universal ideologies, perceived to benefit everyone whilst only really benefiting the ruling class.
For example in 2005 retailer Phillip Green, who awarded himself a £1.2 mbillion return from his stores empire (paid to his wife who resides in Monte Carlo) was given a knighthood by Prime Minister Tony Blair.
Chavez was an army officer who led a coup in 1992 because he was fed up with government corruption and kleptocracy. He was also shocked by the government use of violence against the poorest people who lived in Los Barrios.