Neo-Marxism Critical Criminology
Taylor, Walton and Young <ul><li>These three agreed with traditional Marxists about many aspects. </li></ul><ul><li>Howeve...
A fully social theory of deviance <ul><li>Traditional Marxist ideas about the unequal distribution in wealth and who has p...
1. The wider origins of the deviant act
2. The immediate origins of the deviant act
3. The act itself and its meaning for the actor
4. The immediate origins of social reaction
5. The wider origins of social reaction
6. The effects of labelling
Do each of these points owe more to traditional Marxism of labelling theory? <ul><li>1. The wider origins of the deviant a...
Evaluation <ul><li>It is gender blind. </li></ul><ul><li>It romanticises working-class criminals as Robin Hoods. </li></ul...
 
<ul><li>Watch the following clip, try and explain the crime by using each of the following theories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Realist Theories <ul><li>See crime as a real problem to be tackled </li></ul><ul><li>Argue there has been a significant ri...
We can divide realist approaches along political lines… <ul><li>Left Realists </li></ul><ul><li>Right Realists </li></ul>
Right Realism <ul><li>Emerged in the 1970s and 1980s with the political shift to the right  </li></ul>Margaret Thatcher Ro...
Right Realism <ul><li>These governments favoured rolling back the welfare state together with a strong commitment to law a...
James Wilson <ul><li>“ We can’t truly explain the causes of crime but we can control crime rates.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Get...
Right Realism – Causes of Crime <ul><li>1. Biological Differences </li></ul>
2. Socialisaton and the Underclass <ul><li>Primary Socialisaton teaches us self control, we internalise moral values of ri...
2. Socialisation and the Underclass
3. Rational Choice Theory
<ul><li>So what methods do you think Right Realists advocate in tackling crime? </li></ul>
Left Realism <ul><li>Jock Young – now where have we heard that name before???? </li></ul><ul><li>Realised he needed to tak...
In response to Marxism <ul><li>“ We need practical strategies for reducing crime in the here and now, rather than waiting ...
Taking crime seriously <ul><li>Left realists recognise that there has been a real increase in crime rates. </li></ul><ul><...
Left Realism  - Young   The causes of crime <ul><li>Relative Deprivation </li></ul><ul><li>Subculture </li></ul><ul><li>Ma...
Relative Deprivation Subculture Marginalisation
<ul><li>So what methods do you think Left Realists advocate in tackling crime? </li></ul>
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

751 views

Published on

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
751
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
8
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

  1. 1. Neo-Marxism Critical Criminology
  2. 2. Taylor, Walton and Young <ul><li>These three agreed with traditional Marxists about many aspects. </li></ul><ul><li>However they thought that traditional Marxism ignored the idea that individuals have free will to decide how they act. </li></ul><ul><li>So they argued that crime often has a political motive. </li></ul>
  3. 3. A fully social theory of deviance <ul><li>Traditional Marxist ideas about the unequal distribution in wealth and who has power to make and enforce the law </li></ul><ul><li>Interactionism and labelling theory about the meaning of the act, the societal reaction and the effects of the deviant label. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. The wider origins of the deviant act
  5. 5. 2. The immediate origins of the deviant act
  6. 6. 3. The act itself and its meaning for the actor
  7. 7. 4. The immediate origins of social reaction
  8. 8. 5. The wider origins of social reaction
  9. 9. 6. The effects of labelling
  10. 10. Do each of these points owe more to traditional Marxism of labelling theory? <ul><li>1. The wider origins of the deviant act </li></ul><ul><li>2. The immediate origins of the deviant act </li></ul><ul><li>3. The act itself and its meaning for the actor </li></ul><ul><li>4. The immediate origins of social reaction </li></ul><ul><li>5. The wider origins of social reaction </li></ul><ul><li>6. The effects of labelling </li></ul>
  11. 11. Evaluation <ul><li>It is gender blind. </li></ul><ul><li>It romanticises working-class criminals as Robin Hoods. </li></ul><ul><li>They ignore the effects of crime on working class people. </li></ul><ul><li>Young took some of these criticisms and abandoned it in favour of Left Realism. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Watch the following clip, try and explain the crime by using each of the following theories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lombroso </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Functionalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sub-Cultural Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labelling Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marxism </li></ul></ul>http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =OFr7NnK-91U
  13. 14. Realist Theories <ul><li>See crime as a real problem to be tackled </li></ul><ul><li>Argue there has been a significant rise in crime rate – especially street crime. </li></ul><ul><li>Are concerned about the widespread fear of crime and impact of crime on its victims </li></ul><ul><li>Other theories fail to offer realistic solutions to the problem of crime. </li></ul>
  14. 15. We can divide realist approaches along political lines… <ul><li>Left Realists </li></ul><ul><li>Right Realists </li></ul>
  15. 16. Right Realism <ul><li>Emerged in the 1970s and 1980s with the political shift to the right </li></ul>Margaret Thatcher Ronald Reagan
  16. 17. Right Realism <ul><li>These governments favoured rolling back the welfare state together with a strong commitment to law and order. </li></ul>They favoured a ‘get tough’ stance on crime, with increased use of prison (and in the USA, the death penalty) and a ‘short, sharp shock’ approach to dealing with young offenders.
  17. 18. James Wilson <ul><li>“ We can’t truly explain the causes of crime but we can control crime rates.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Getting rid of poverty will not get rid of crime.” </li></ul><ul><li>Broken window thesis </li></ul>
  18. 19. Right Realism – Causes of Crime <ul><li>1. Biological Differences </li></ul>
  19. 20. 2. Socialisaton and the Underclass <ul><li>Primary Socialisaton teaches us self control, we internalise moral values of right and wrong. The best place for this is the nuclear family. </li></ul>
  20. 21. 2. Socialisation and the Underclass
  21. 22. 3. Rational Choice Theory
  22. 23. <ul><li>So what methods do you think Right Realists advocate in tackling crime? </li></ul>
  23. 24. Left Realism <ul><li>Jock Young – now where have we heard that name before???? </li></ul><ul><li>Realised he needed to take crime seriously. After all most victims of crime where the working class. </li></ul><ul><li>Response to the influence of right realism on government policy </li></ul>
  24. 25. In response to Marxism <ul><li>“ We need practical strategies for reducing crime in the here and now, rather than waiting for a revolution and a classless socialist utopia to abolish crime.” </li></ul>
  25. 26. Taking crime seriously <ul><li>Left realists recognise that there has been a real increase in crime rates. </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantaged groups have the greatest fear of crime and it has the greatest effect on their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>The best way to reduce crime is to reduce the causes of crime. </li></ul>
  26. 27. Left Realism - Young The causes of crime <ul><li>Relative Deprivation </li></ul><ul><li>Subculture </li></ul><ul><li>Marginalisation </li></ul>
  27. 28. Relative Deprivation Subculture Marginalisation
  28. 29. <ul><li>So what methods do you think Left Realists advocate in tackling crime? </li></ul>

×