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  • Read and make notes from Webb Page 41-43 or write down the 4 aspects of childhood on page 65, and write down four ways in which childhood is different today
  • Age patriarchy:Chisholm 1990
  • Discuss the concept of tweenagers, also go back to Phillip Aries concept and discuss ways in which we have gone full circle; children dressing like adults, being punished as adults, exposure to the adult world: Show clip on children as consumers from the Corporation
  • Parents, instead of spending time reading to their children at night or talking to them, plonk them in front of the television and treat it as an electronic babysitter. They buy their children electronic games and junk food to keep them quiet, and spend less and less time with them. Thus they deprive them of what they need most - a good old-fashioned upbringing where parents are in charge, providing a safe, calm and nurturing environment, where they can develop at their own pace and learn important moral and cultural values that are the foundation of a stable society.

SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource Presentation Transcript

  • Childhood Part 1: The social construction of childhood L.O to understand the changing role of children in families
  • Questions to get you thinking;
    • What is childhood?
    • Should childhood be a particularly happy time?
    • Why/why not?
    • Do you think it is a good idea to make children labour for a living?
    • Are your views on childhood traditional or a recent development?
  • Some Contrasting Experiences of children around the world
  • Domestic Labour
  • Child labour According to the International Labour Organization (ILO) , some 250 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 work for a living, worldwide.
  • Child Soldiers                                <>
      • In 1998 it was estimated that up to 300,000 children were actively involved in armed conflict in government armed forces, government militias and in a range of armed opposition groups.
  • Persecution
  • The Social Construction of Childhood
    • Phillip Aires (1962) suggested that our contemporary conception of childhood is a social construct
    • In pre-industrial society there was no such divide between adults and children; children wore adult style clothes and were employed in the same context
    • Children were seen as small adults
    • Attitudes towards children had changed significantly by the mid 1800s, by this time there was some different styles of clothing for upper-class children
  • Childhood Part 2: Contemporary Issues L.O to understand the changing role of children in families
  • Write down any restrictions on young people and children
    • Eg voting, driving, number of children allowed in shops at a time
  • A March of Progress?
    • Functionalist sociologists argue that the changing status of children in society is part of a march of progress
    • This ideas asserts that children’s lives have improved
    • This is evident in the amount of revenue devoted to education, health care and the protection of children’s rights
    • However, this approach has been criticised by conflict approaches that suggest this theory to be over-simplified
    • Do Children have more rights or restrictions?
  • The Child-centred Society
    • To what extent is the phrase children should be seen and not heard relevant today?
    • Aries argued that we now have a ‘cult of childhood’ meaning that society is very child centred
    • We can see examples of how much of the available leisure facilities are created with children in mind
    • This is also eviden in the legislation that is designed to protect children
    • To what extent is the phrase children should be seen and not heard relevant today?
    • Aries argued that we now have a ‘cult of childhood’ meaning that society is very child centred
    • We can see examples of how much of the available leisure facilities are created with children in mind
    • This is also eviden in the legislation that is designed to protect children
    • To what extent is the phrase children should be seen and not heard relevant today?
    • Aries argued that we now have a ‘cult of childhood’ meaning that society is very child centred
    • We can see examples of how much of the available leisure facilities are created with children in mind
    • This is also evident in the legislation that is designed to protect children
  • The Disappearance of Childhood
    • According to Postman television is blurring the distinction between childhood and adulthood, because it makes information available to all in spite of literary levels
    • Phillips (1997) also argues that popular culture encourages girls to embrace a sexual identity at a younger age
  • The Toxic Childhood
    • Palmer (2006) discusses cultural changes that affect children in today’s society
    • She argues that children are pacified with TV, video games and junk food
  • Choose a side from the two statements below and create an argument using evidence and examples
    • Children are now more equal to adults today than ever before
    • Children are now more dependent on adults than ever before