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SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource
 

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    SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource Presentation Transcript

    • What thehell isthis?! By Catherine and Gosia
    • Declining Attraction Of Religion• Religious organisations are unattractive to young people.• Services = boring, repetitive, old-fashioned, elderly based, and out-of-touch with modern values.• Different views on abortion, contraception, women priests, gay rights, and sex before marriage.George Carey (1991)- “The Church of England is like an elderlylady who mutters away to herself in a corner, ignored most ofthe time.”
    • Expanding Spiritual Market• Lynch (2008)- Young people turn away from conventional ideas of religion.• Roof (2001)- ‘Expanded spiritual marketplace’. Growing exposure and accessibility to wide variety of religious and spiritual ideas; exploration. Beliefs can be built on and identities created to express themselves.
    • The Privatisation Of Belief• Young people treat religion as a private matter.• They may not feel like they belong to a particular religion, or hold any specific beliefs.• Prefer not to make a public display of their beliefs or admit them in surveys.Davie- ‘believing without belonging.’
    • Secular Spirituality & The Sacred• Lynch- although young people may be diverted from religion as normally conceived, they may be finding religious feelings inspired in them by aspects of what are generally regarded as non-religious or secular life.• Young people may not have lost all religiosity, but find new forms.
    • Declining Religious Education• Bruce- Church of England is unable to recruit young people by socialising them into religious thinking (e.g: Sunday schools or religious education.)• Sunday schools = in decline. In 2000, 1 in 25 children attended.• This will continue to decrease over time.
    • Pragmatic Reasons• Leisure = bigger part of life for young people, with shops, clubs, and pubs open for long hours (including on Sunday’s.)• Young people have more demands on their time – they have more enjoyable and interesting things to do.• Seen as ‘uncool’ to be religious (social pressure in peer groups.)
    • The Generational Effect• Each generation is becoming more secular than the previous one.• Young people are not socialised to be religious (born into secular society.)Voas and Crockett- “Each generation is half as religiousas their parents.” This is known as the ‘period effect’where people born in a particular time are more likelyto be religious than others.