• Like
SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource



  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. The Universality of ‘Family’ AS Sociology
  • 2. Murdock• Some form of family exists in every society.• “social group characterised by common residence, economic co-operation and reproduction. It includes adults of both sexes, at least two of whom maintain a socially approved sexual relationship and one or more children, own or adopted.”
  • 3. Variations of this…Britain and Ireland• Traditional nuclear• Extended• Reconstituted• Cohabiting
  • 4. Banaro of New Guinea• The families live in a communal house, divided into apartments for each nuclear family• Husband does not have sexual relations with his wife until she has borne a child by a friend of his father.• The parent child relationship therefore is not biological.
  • 5. Nayar of Kerla• The Nayar have sets of relationships different from those common in Britain.• Kathleen Gough carried out a detailed study of this group.• Before puberty all girls married to a suitable man – however after marriage the husband does not live with his wife and is under no obligation to make any contact.
  • 6. • The only duty of the wife is to attend his funeral and mourn his death.• Nayar girls can take on many ‘visiting’ husbands.• The husbands spend much time away from the villages so on return choose a wife to stay the night with.• These husbands have no duty towards their offspring.• Husbands may give their wives ‘tokens’ but it is frowned upon if they do this regularly.
  • 7. Is Murdock’s definition too narrow?• Growth of same sex relationships to include children.• Growth of matriarchal families – high in western societies. (particularly low income black communities)