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  • Crime and Deviance GCSE SociologyCRIME STATISTICS
  • Where do crime figures comefrom? Victim surveys – British Crime Survey Self report studies – Offending, Crime and Justice Survey Official statistics - crimes recorded by the police
  • Victim Survey Sample of 40,000 homes 16 and over England and Wales Have you been a victim of an offence in the last 12 months? Where they reported to the police? Does not cover all crime - murder, fraud or victimless crimes are not recorded
  • Self report Studies Question people about their own offending Drug use, anti-social behaviour amongst 10 to 25 age group Sample taken from households in England and Wales Provides information on crime which may not be dealt with by the courts or police
  • Official police statistics Recorded by the police Published annually by the Home Office – Crime in England and Wales Positives… Statistics collected for a long time – can look for patterns and trends Can compare different parts of the UK Negative….What do you think?
  • The Dark Figure of Crime….Is all crime reported and recorded?????
  • What is the “Dark Figure”?
  • Why are some crimes notreported? Why do you think that some crimes are not reported?
  • Discovery…
  • Discovery.. What if the victim is unaware that a crime has taken place? If a thief takes £5 from a wallet containing £45 it may go unnoticed The crime may not be witnessed
  • Crime or accident…?
  • Crime or accident…? A victim must define an incident as criminal If this smashed window is seen as accidental damage them is there any chance of it being reported?
  • Reporting crime… Are crimes that are witnesses or discovered reported to the police? BCS 2007/2008 58% of crimes not reported How will this effect the crime figures?
  • Crimes that are reported….
  • Crimes that are reported… 93% of car theft and burglaries Why is this figure so high?
  • Crimes that are notreported…. Too trivial Victim suffered no loss Fear of insensitivity….rape, serious assault, domestic violence, child abuse Too private….don’t want to involve the police Work place crime ….employers often deal with it themselves rather than involve the police – this may account for the amount of white collar crime such as fraud/theft in the work place being under reported
  • Police may choose not torecord a crime… Too trivial Doubt the honesty of the person reporting Not enough evidence Sociologists are very cautious when using official statistics They may not show the true figure of crime They believe crime statistics are socially constructed
  • Social Construction…. The statistics are socially constructed as they are a result of a series of decisions made by individuals The individual…they decide if they are going to report the crime The police make decisions if they are going to report a crime Has the crime been defined as a crime…who’s definition….Society? Police? Individuals?
  • Homework questions Explain why a victim survey might show the number of crimes actually committed more accurately than police statistics. (5 marks) Discuss how far sociologists would agree that official statistics of crimes recorded by the police provides a complete picture of the extent of crime in Britain. (12 marks)