SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

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SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

  1. 1. WHICH RESEARCHMETHOD?AS Sociology M2
  2. 2. INFLUENCES ON THE CHOICE OFRESEARCH METHOD…THEORY positivism interpretivism
  3. 3. IN SHORT….Positivism – believes that society can be studies using similar techniques to the natural sciencesInterpretivism – people have personal beliefs, values and interpret the world in different ways. They so not simply respond to forces outside themThese two sets of sociologists have different ideas about society which influences the type of data they are interested in collecting.
  4. 4. Research MethodsPOSITIVISM
  5. 5. POSITIVISM AND RESEARCHMETHODS Society is studied in the same way as the natural world In the natural world there are causes for events, it is the same in the social world Social facts – are the institutions which shape society cause us be behave in a certain way or limit our behaviour through social control These include things like socialization, the education system, the family, the mass media, the legal system and the work place These social facts can be studied like objects in the natural world.
  6. 6. METHODS USED Positivists use quantitative methods They want to be able to check for reliability, find reasons for events and make generalizations They do not study feelings, emotions and motives of people as they believe they can not be quantified. Positivists tend to be macro theorist such as functionalists and Marxists
  7. 7. Research MethodsINTERPRETIVISM
  8. 8. IDEAS AND METHODS They believe that behaviour is influenced by the meanings that people give to social situations Use research methods to help them to find out how people understand the world around them This process is called VERSTEHEN – understanding human behaviour by putting yourself in the position of the people you are studying Instead of collecting statistical data, they want to get involved with their subject They will use qualitative methods to gain a detailed in depth knowledge of the situation they are studying
  9. 9. COMPARING THE TWO….macro micro Society constrains our  individuals and groups create behaviour society Structural approaches  Interpretivism approaches Positivist approaches  Qualitative methods Quantaitive methods  Experience rich data Statistical data  Small scale Large scale  Unstructured questionnaires Structured questionnaires  Unstructured interviews Structures interviews  Participant observation Non-participant observation
  10. 10. IN SHORT….. Stay separate Get involved Objective Subjective observe participate

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