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  • 1. The Sociology of Education:Exam Style Questions (2 Marks): 1) Explain what is meant by ‘Deferred Gratification’ (2 Marks) 2) Explain what is meant by the ‘Self-Fulfilling Prophecy’ (2 Marks) 3) Explain what is meant by the term ‘Ethnocentric Curriculum’ (2 Marks). 4) Explain what is meant by ‘Compensatory Education’ (2 marks) 5) Explain what is meant by ‘Material Deprivation’ (2 Marks) 6) Explain briefly what is meant by the ‘Reproduction’ of Class Inequality (2 Marks) 7) Explain what is meant by ‘Cultural Capital’ (2 Marks) 8) Explain briefly what is meant by the term ‘Elaborated Speech Code’ (2 Marks) 9) Explain what is meant by ‘Educational Triage’ (2 Marks) 10) Explain what is meant by the term ‘Ethnic group’ (2 Marks) 11) Explain what is meant by the term ‘Secondary Socialisation’ (2 Marks) 12) Explain what is meant by ‘Upwardly Mobile’ (2 Marks) 13) Explain what is meant by the term ‘Hidden Curriculum’ (2 Marks) 14) Explain what is meant by ‘Comprehensive Education’ (2 Marks) 15) Explain what is meant by ‘Immediate Gratification’ (2 Marks). 16) Explain what is meant by ‘The Free Market’ in education (2 Marks) 17) Explain what is meant by ‘Gender Domains’ in education (2 Marks) 18) Explain briefly what is meant by ‘Positive Discrimination’ (2 Marks) 19) Explain what is meant by the term ‘Collective Conscience’ (2 Marks) 20) Explain what is meant by ‘Dominant Ideology’. 21) Explain briefly what is meant by the term ‘Anti-School Subculture’ (2 Marks) 22) Explain what is meant by ‘Formula Funding’ (2 Marks) 23) Explain what is meant by the term ‘Meritocracy’ (2 Marks) 24) Explain what is meant by the term ‘Parentocracy’ (2 Marks) 25) Explain what is meant by the term ‘Multi-Cultural Education’.
  • 2. The Sociology of Education:Exam Style Questions (6 Marks) 1) Identify & briefly explain three policies that governments have introduced to compensate for material & cultural disadvantage (6 Marks) 2) Identify & briefly explain three criticisms of the Marxist approach to education (6 Marks) 3) Suggest three types of pupil subcultures that might be found in schools (6 Marks) 4) Identify three functions of the education system for individuals and/or society (6 Marks) 5) Identify & briefly explain three ways in which the school corresponds with the work place (6 Marks) 6) Identify & briefly three criticisms of Vocational Education (6 Marks) 7) Suggest three policies that have been aimed at improving the achievement of the working classes (6 Marks) 8) Identify three features of the 1988 Education Reform Act (6 Marks) 9) Identify three features of ‘Post Modern Education’ (6 Marks) 10) Suggest three factors that could influence a pupils’ choice of subjects at school (6 Marks) 11) Identify & briefly explain three factors that might contribute to the underachievement of ethnic minorities in education (6 Marks) 12) Suggest three material factors that might cause the underachievement of the working class (6 Marks) 13) Suggest three functions of the education system according to Marxist Theory (6 Marks) 14) Identify three policies that government or educational bodies have introduced to overcome children’s cultural deprivation (6 Marks) 15) Identify three features of the restricted speech code (6 Marks)
  • 3. The Sociology of Education:Exam Style Questions (12 Marks) 1) Outline some of the ways in which processes within the education system may lead to differences in achievement between ethnic groups (12 Marks) 2) Outline some of the ways in which the labelling process may lead to educational under-achievement for some pupils (12 Marks) 3) Outline some of the functions that education performs for individuals and society (12 Marks) 4) Outline some of the reasons why different pupil subcultures exist (12 Marks) 5) Outline some of the reasons for the educational under-achievement of boys (12 Marks) 6) Outline some of the ways that educational policies have addressed the underachievement of particular social groups in education (12 Marks) 7) Outline some of the key features of the ‘Free Market’ in education (12 Marks) 8) Outline some of the problems that parents might face when using League Tables to measure the performance of schools (12 Marks) 9) Outline some of the key features of ‘Correspondence Theory’ (12 Marks) 10) Outline some of criticisms associated with the 1944 Butler Education Act (12 Marks)
  • 4. The Sociology of Education:Exam Style Questions (20 Marks) 1) Using material from Item A & elsewhere, assess the view that the role of education is ‘to reproduce a labour force for capitalism’ (20 Marks) 2) Using material form Item B & elsewhere, assess the claim that gender differences in educational achievement are primarily the ‘result of changes in wider society’ (20 Marks) 3) Using material from Item A & elsewhere, assess the claim that ‘the main function of education is to maintain a value consensus in society’. (20 Marks) 4) Using material from Item A & elsewhere, assess the view that working-class under- achievement in education is the result of home circumstances & family background (20 Marks) 5) Examine the role of processes in schools in producing different educational achievement among pupils from different social groups (20 Marks) 6) Using material from Item B & elsewhere, assess the view that the function of education is to select & prepare individuals for their future work roles (20 Marks) 7) Examine the reasons for differences in educational achievement between different ethnic groups (20 Marks) 8) Using material from Item A & elsewhere, assess the view that schools & what takes place in them are the main cause of social class differences in educational achievement (20 Marks) 9) Examine the ways in which educational policies may reproduce & justify social class inequalities (20 Marks) 10) Using material form Item A & elsewhere, assess sociological explanations of gender differences in education (20 Marks) 11) Using material from Item B & elsewhere, examine sociological views of the different ways in which education contributes to the economy (20 Marks) 12) Using material from Item B & elsewhere, assess the view that working-class children underachieve because they are culturally deprived (20 Marks) 13) Using material from Item A & elsewhere, assess the view that gender is the most important factor to consider when considering underachievement in education (20 Marks) 14) Using material from Item A & elsewhere, assess the view that gender differences in education are largely the result of changes in the education system (20 Marks) 15) Using material from Item A & elsewhere, assess the contribution of Marxism to our understanding of the role of education (20 Marks)
  • 5. 16) Using material from Item B & elsewhere, assess the view that the main function of education is to act as an agency of social control. (20 Marks)17) Using material from Item A & elsewhere, assess the effects of policies ‘designed to create an education market; in the United Kingdom. (20 Marks)18) Using material from Item A & elsewhere, assess the view that education has moved into a ‘Post-Modern Era’. (20 Marks)