White collar jobs now outnumber blue collar jobs but defining white collar crime is problematic
More opportunities because middle class and professionals work on their own and given greater trust
Gerry Mars1985 Cheats at work
White collar workers don’t always see their activities as criminal but as ‘perks’
Played down because ‘everyone does it’
Fiddling is largely under-reported which masks crime statistics
Nick Leeson cheated Barings Bank out of $1.3b
What are the possible reasons for not reporting?
According to Carson (71)
No clear individual victim
Society suffers not the firm
Firms don’t want the publicity
Often dealt with by the company
Disciplined, demoted or sacked
In general the higher up you are in the social class hierarchy;
The less likely you are
to be arrested
If arrested, to be prosecuted
If prosecuted, to be found guilty
If found guilty, to be given a prison sentence
Sales of goods KNOWN to be dangerous
Breaking health and safety laws
Polluting the environment and dumping poisonous waste
Done in the interests of the company often with the knowledge and approval of the bosses
Main aim is to increase profits
Read section on page 198
How does Merton explain corporate crime? Why are some businesses more likely to offend than others? Which businesses are more likely to offend than others Name one similarity and one difference between a bank robber and a business Give an example of an organised crime syndicate What are the key features of a white collar crime? What does Micheal Clark (90) argue about white collar crimes? Why is corporate crime not defined and labelled in the same way as ordinary crime? Why is corporate crime not revealed in police statistics?
What would Marxists say about corporate crime?
Who are the victims?
This is the way capitalist economic system works
false advertising claims
Over charged or wrongly charged (faulty service)
Eat wrong foods
Take medicines that make us worse
500 people are killed each year - ‘accidents’- due to faulty H&S procedures
We are all victims of
crimes against the environment
FIND AN EXAMPLE OF A WHITE COLLAR AND CORPORATE CRIMES THAT IS HAPPENING IN THE NEWS TODAY
Governments MAKE AND BREAK laws.
International treaties and agreements
Torture and imprisonment (Abu Ghraib)
Atrocities against minorities
How widespread is corporate crime in UK?
Read pg 28 (Swale) and summarise Slapper and Tombs (99) argument.
Identify and briefly explain three criticisms of Marxist theory of crime 
You must - Provide research evidence
You could also – compare/contrast with functionalist theory
CHECK YOUR LEARNING
What is meant by occupational crime 
What occupational crimes are possible for doctors and supermarket checkout operators? 
What is the difference between white collar and corporate crime 
Which 3 groups of people can be victims of corporate crime? Give an example of how how it affects each of them 
Why are Marxists particularly interested in corporate crime?