SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

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  • Input cross curricular…. Numeracy – draw 2 pie charts and put information in to compare the results.
  • Hers what mine looks like What can we conclude
  • What can we conclude
  • SociologyExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

    1. 1. Ethnicity and Crime Year 11
    2. 2. Just to get us thinking….. <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S7WvraIKBIc </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Statistics <ul><li>In 2002, 19 per cent of male prisoners were from minority ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><li>Yet minority ethnic groups are 6-7 per cent of the population of the UK. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Activity <ul><li>Ethnicity (%) </li></ul>100 0.4 1.1 6.0 11.0 81.5 Prison population 100 0.0 1.2 4.7 2.8 91.3 General Population (aged 10 and over Total Not Recorded Other Asian Black White
    5. 5. General Population compared to Prison Population
    6. 6. Analysing the information <ul><li>Think about the general population and then compare with the prison population </li></ul><ul><li>Are some ethnic groups under represented? </li></ul><ul><li>Are some ethnic groups over represented? </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Black people are around seven more time more likely than white people to be stopped and searched by the police </li></ul><ul><li>And 3 and half more times more likely to be arrested </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Justice, 2008 </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Official stats show that a high proportion of offenders come from minority ethnic groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Is this a valid representation of reality , or whether it is more a reflection of policing processes ? </li></ul>
    9. 9. Question… <ul><li>Why are some ethnic groups, particularly Black groups more likely to be criminalised? </li></ul>
    10. 10. Possible answers <ul><li>A higher proportion of ethnic minorities experience unemployment so the level of crime maybe linked to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relative Deprivation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Or crime rates have been exaggerated among particular ethnic groups. </li></ul>
    11. 11. The Macpherson Report - Stephen Lawrence <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PMTEKOUtkA0 </li></ul>
    12. 12. Police and People in London (1983) <ul><li>Two researchers used a range of qualitative methods, including non-participant overt observation (‘shadowing’ police officers) and interviews to investigate the attitudes of Metropolitan Police officers. </li></ul><ul><li>The researchers found that the use of racist language and jokes was common and had become a part of the institutional culture . </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Studies Institute </li></ul>
    13. 13. Simon Holdaway (ex-police officer and sociologist) in the 80s <ul><li>Conducted qualitative research – participant observation – into the occupational culture of the police. </li></ul><ul><li>He found widespread evidence of racist language and attitudes amongst police officers. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Fitzgerald and Hough (2001) <ul><li>The - a large multi-method research project. </li></ul><ul><li>Although many people stopped by the police were satisfied with their treatment, there had been a decline in confidence as to the effectiveness of the police and policing. </li></ul><ul><li>Dissatisfaction with the police was highest among young people, black suspects, and those living in poor areas. </li></ul><ul><li>The study found that the best predictors of being stopped by the police were ‘ being young, being male, being black, being working class and being single .’ </li></ul><ul><li> Policing for London Survey </li></ul>
    15. 15. Conclusion <ul><li>Crime are seen as reflecting policing methods and bias within the criminal justice system </li></ul>
    16. 16. However… <ul><li>Smith – one of the co-authors of the PSI report in the 80s, argues that black over-representation is so great that it cannot all simply be explained as the result of institutional racism. </li></ul><ul><li>Phillips and Bowling (2002 ) argue that the structural context of minority ethnic groups in British society (poor and underprivileged, less qualified, higher levels of unemployment) cannot be neglected .  </li></ul>
    17. 17. In summary <ul><li>Institutional Racism? </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic minorities are prone to commit crime? </li></ul><ul><li>Media reporting? </li></ul>
    18. 18. Homework <ul><li>Discuss how far sociologists would agree that crime statistics exaggerate crime levels among particular ethnic groups. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Final thought…. <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jzdTiM5wS_c </li></ul>

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