When the NHS was set up in 1948, one of its founding principles was to provide a universal health care service. <ul><li>‘ ’ Everybody, irrespective of means, age, sex or occupation shall have the opportunity to benefit from the best and most up-to-date medical services available’’ (Beveridge) </li></ul><ul><li>In other words, a clear commitment to provide a service of equal quality for everyone. </li></ul>Mothers-to-be in deprived areas are more likely to have premature babies. Home care ‘’lottery’’ for the elderly.
…..57 years on Despite the advances in medical care and technology and a universal system of health care there is growing evidence that: inequalities in health still exist throughout the UK inequalities in standards of health care provision exist throughout the UK these inequalities are getting worse.
Factors which influence health <ul><li>Different groups and categories of people have very different experiences of these determinants of health. </li></ul><ul><li>These different experiences can have an effect on a person’s chances of achieving good health. Also when these experiences overlap, they can have a “snowballing” effect. </li></ul><ul><li>However, the problem is complex - there is no simple explanation as to why differences in mortality rates and morbidity rates exist amongst individuals or groups. </li></ul>Mortality = death Morbidity = illness
Factors which influence health There are many influences on an individual’s health. Geographical location Working conditions Socio-economic status Ethnic origin Personal lifestyle Hereditary factors Gender/ biological factors