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Closets are for Clothes: Being LGBT in Black America
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Closets are for Clothes: Being LGBT in Black America

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This presentation looks at the overall Black subsample of our SJS Dataset

This presentation looks at the overall Black subsample of our SJS Dataset

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  • 1. Closets Are For Clothes: Being LGBT in Black America March 29, 2012Juan Battle - Antonio (Jay) Pastrana, Jr. - Jessie Daniels
  • 2. In a 1986 speech titled "The New Niggers Are Gays," Bayard Rustin stated that …Today, Blacks are no longer the litmus paper or the barometer of social change. Blacks are in every segment of society and there are laws that help to protect them from racial discrimination. The new "niggers" are gays. . . . It is in this sense that gay people are the new barometer for social change. . . . The question of social change should be framed with the most vulnerable group in mind: gay people.
  • 3. • Let’s avoid false dichotomies (Black people vs. gay people)• Who might be the “most vulnerable” today … beyond “gay people”?• The Social Justice Sexuality (SJS) Project
  • 4. < our purpose >
  • 5. < document & celebrate >
  • 6. < not pathologize >
  • 7. < a jailhouse promise>
  • 8. < sociopolitical mosaic >
  • 9. <Other Studies>
  • 10. <Diaz, et al; & Battle, et al>
  • 11. <One Group>
  • 12. <One Gender>
  • 13. <Couples>
  • 14. <Ethnographic>
  • 15. <Easier to Measure>
  • 16. <Sample(s) Looked the Same>
  • 17. How is the SJS Study Unique/Different?
  • 18. < Diversity in Groups Sampled>
  • 19. < 5 Groups >
  • 20. < Black People>
  • 21. < Latinas/os>
  • 22. < Asians & Pacific Islanders >
  • 23. < Youth >
  • 24. < Older Adults >
  • 25. < Diversity in Topics Investigated>
  • 26. < 5 Topic Areas >
  • 27. < Sociopolitical Involvement>
  • 28. < Family Formations & Dynamics>
  • 29. < Spiritual & Religious Experiences>
  • 30. < Racial & Sexual Identity>
  • 31. < Mental & Physical Health >
  • 32. Research Methods
  • 33. Raise $$$ throughout the entire process!!!
  • 34. Purposive & Quota SamplingStrategy – Fill Certain Cells
  • 35. Piloted Multiple Times
  • 36. Compromise on Questions
  • 37. Translate & Back Translate
  • 38. Ultimately, 105 Questions
  • 39. •Phoenix Pride•Long Beach Pride•DC Black Pride•Portland Latino Pride•Orlando Black Pride/Gay Days•Austin Pride•New York Queens Pride•Boston SPYCE & Boston Pride•Central Alabama Pride (Birmingham)•Milwaukee Wisconsin Pride•Honolulu Pride•Denver Pride•New York Pride Venue-based Sampling
  • 40. •Phoenix Pride•Long Beach Pride•DC Black Pride•Portland Latino Pride•Orlando Black Pride/Gay Days•Austin Pride•New York Queens Pride•Boston SPYCE & Boston Pride•Central Alabama Pride (Birmingham)•Milwaukee Wisconsin Pride•Honolulu Pride•Denver Pride•New York Pride Respondent-Driven
  • 41. •Columbia South Carolina Black Pride•New York Harlem Pride•Miami Beach Bruthaz Bash•Charlotte North Carolina Black Pride•Michigans Womyns Festival•Market Days•GMHC House of Latex Ball•Pueblo, CO Gay Pride•Twin Cities Black Pride & South Central MN Pride•World Gay Rodeo Finals, Laughlin, NV Snowball Sampling
  • 42. •Columbia South Carolina Black Pride•New York Harlem Pride•Miami Beach Bruthaz Bash•Charlotte North Carolina Black Pride•Michigans Womyns Festival•Market Days•GMHC House of Latex Ball•Pueblo, CO Gay Pride•Twin Cities Black Pride & South Central MN Pride•World Gay Rodeo Finals, Laughlin, NV Compromise on Locations
  • 43. Internet
  • 44. all 50 states Survey Reach
  • 45. and Puerto Rico Survey Reach
  • 46. Our Partner Organizations
  • 47. Did I mention:Raise $$$ throughout the entire process!!!
  • 48. < 175+ people >
  • 49. < Total Sample Size = 5,500 >
  • 50. Delete cases because of …
  • 51. < respondent fatigue>
  • 52. < data integrity>
  • 53. < N = 4,953 >
  • 54. Black Sample: N = 2,166
  • 55. DemographicsMultiple health
  • 56. DemographicsAge18-81, mean = 36
  • 57. DemographicsAge Average Education18-81, mean = 36 Associates Degree
  • 58. DemographicsAge Average Education Average Income18-81, mean = 36 Associates Degree Between $20,000-$30,000
  • 59. DemographicsAge Average Education Average Income18-81, mean = 36 Some college, no degree Between $20,000-$30,000 Gender 4.1% Male Female 43.2% 52.7% Gender Variant
  • 60. <Sociopolitical Involvement>
  • 61. Sociopolitical Involvement & LGBT Communities What are the three (3) most important issues facing you?
  • 62. Sociopolitical Involvement & LGBT Communities Top Three Issues Facing "Me" Nondiscrimination 21.9% Economic Issues What are the three (3) most important issues facing you? Marriage/ 9.9% Domestic Partnership Equality/Acceptance 9.9% (does not include family)
  • 63. Sociopolitical Involvement & LGBT Communities In your opinion, what are the three (3) most important issues facing LGBT communities of color in the U.S.?
  • 64. Sociopolitical Involvement & LGBT Communities Top Three Issues "LGBT Communities of Color“ Face in the U.S. HIV/AIDS/Sexual 15.7% Health EduIn your opinion, whatare the three (3) mostimportant issues facingLGBT communities of Discrimination 14.5%color in the U.S.? Equality/Acceptance (does not include 12.9% family)
  • 65. Sociopolitical Involvement & LGBT Communities How much of an impact would the legalization of same-sex marriage have on your life?
  • 66. Sociopolitical Involvement & LGBT Communities Impact of same-sex marriage on my life (ND) How much of an impactA large impact 6 would legalization of same-sex marriage 5 have on your life? 4.57 4.50 4 3 2No impact at all 1 Not Black Black
  • 67. Sociopolitical Involvement & LGBT CommunitiesIs homophobia aproblem in yourracial/ethnic community,neighborhood and/or inall communities of color?(composite)
  • 68. Sociopolitical Involvement & LGBT Communities Homophobia is a problem (ND) Strongly agree 6Is homophobia aproblem in your 5racial/ethniccommunity, 4 4.17 4.28neighborhoodand/or in all 3communities ofcolor? 2Strongly disagree 1 Not Black Black
  • 69. Sociopolitical Involvement & LGBT Communities Connected to LGBT Community (composite) I feel connected to my local LGBT community. I feel that the problems faced by the LGBT community are also my problems. I feel a bond with other LGBT people.
  • 70. Sociopolitical Involvement & LGBT Communities Connected to LGBT Community *** (composite) Strongly agree 6 5 4 4.12 4.02 3 2Strongly disagree 1 Not Black Black
  • 71. <Spirituality & Religion>
  • 72. Spirituality and Religion Spirituality (composite)I pray daily.I look to my faith as providingmeaning and purpose to my life.I consider myself active in myfaith or religious tradition.I enjoy being around others whoshare my faith.My faith impacts many of mydecisions.
  • 73. Spirituality and Religion Spirituality*** (composite) Strongly Agree 4 3 2.94 2.35 2Strongly disagree 1 Not Black Black
  • 74. Spirituality and Religion How often do you attend religious services?
  • 75. Spirituality and Religion Attendance frequency to religious services*** Every week 8 7 1-2 a month 6 How often do you attend religious Once a month 5 services? 4.45Several times a year 4 1-2 a year 3 3.12 2 Never 1 Not Black Black
  • 76. Spirituality and ReligionThinking about your sexual identity, how much has your religious tradition or spiritual practice been a negative or positive influence for your coming to terms with your LGBT identity?
  • 77. Spirituality and Religion Thinking about your sexual identity, how much has your religious tradition or spiritual practice been a negative influence for your coming to terms with your LGBT identity? Religious Tradition Important for Sexual Identity (ND)Positive Influence 7 6 5 4 3.85 3 3.54 2Negative Influence1 Not Black Black
  • 78. Spirituality and ReligionWhat religion do you currently practice?
  • 79. Spirituality and Religion Religion currently practicing *** Black Not Black Other 29.1% 42.3%Protestant 39.0% 25.5% Catholic 8.3% 18.3% Jew 16.9% 7.9% Muslim/ 5.3% Islam 5.5% None 1.4% 0.6%
  • 80. <Sexual, Racial/Ethnic Identity>
  • 81. Sexual, Racial and Ethnic IdentityDo you feel that your sexual orientation is an important part of your identity?
  • 82. Sexual, Racial and Ethnic Identity Sexual Orienation is Important***Extremely important 6 5Do you feel that your 4.79 sexual orientation is 4.51 an important part of 4 your identity? 3 2 Not important at all 1 Not Black Black
  • 83. Sexual, Racial and Ethnic Identity How many people within your community are you “out” to?FamilyFriendsReligious communityCo-workersPeople in the neighborhoodPeople online
  • 84. Sexual, Racial and Ethnic Identity Outness *** (Composite) All 5 Most 4 3.73 3.55 About half 3 Some 2 None 1 Not Black Black
  • 85. Sexual, Racial and Ethnic Identity Who are you "out" to?100%90% 96.8 90.3 88.480% 83.470% 76.4 72.560%50%
  • 86. Sexual, Racial and Ethnic IdentityAs a LGBTperson, howmuch do younow feelsupportedby yourfamily?
  • 87. Sexual, Racial and Ethnic Identity Family Support (ND)Completely supported 6 As a LGBT 5 person, how much do you 4 4.37 4.34 now feel supported by 3 your family? 2 Not supported at all 1 Not Black Black
  • 88. Sexual, Racial and Ethnic Identity How old were you when you first “came out” to yourself: that is, how old were you when you first knew you were “not straight”?
  • 89. Sexual, Racial and Ethnic Identity Age: First Came Out to Myself (ND) How old were you when you first 20 “came out” to yourself: that is, how old were you when you first knew you were “not straight”? 16.17 16.12 15 10 Not Black Black
  • 90. Sexual, Racial and Ethnic IdentityDo you feel that your racial or ethnic status is an important part of your identity?
  • 91. Sexual, Racial and Ethnic Identity Racial Identity is Important***Extremely important 6 Do you feel 5 that your racial or 4.5 4 ethnic status is an 3.74 important 3 part of your identity? 2 Not important at all 1 Not Black Black
  • 92. <Health & Health Care>
  • 93. Health & Health Care In general would you say that your health is?
  • 94. Health & Health Care General Health*Excellent 5 In general would you say that your health is?Very good 4 3.62 3.68 Good 3 Fair 2 Poor 1 Not Black Black
  • 95. Health & Health Care Over the past week, how often have you felt:That you were just as good as other peopleHopeful about the futureHappyThat you enjoyed life
  • 96. Health & Health Care Happy (ND) (composite)Most of the time 4A lot of the time 3 3.24 3.26 Sometimes 2 Never 1 Not Black Black
  • 97. Health & Health Care Do you now smoke?
  • 98. Health & Health Care Smoke now *** Not Black Black 31.6% 26.7% Yes Yes No No68.4% 73.3%
  • 99. Health & Health Care Do you have health insurance?
  • 100. Health & Health Care Health Insurance** Not Black Black23% 20.1% Yes Yes No No 77% 79.9%
  • 101. Health & Health CareDo you have aregular doctoror health careprovider?
  • 102. Health & Health Care Health Care Provider*** Not Black Black 19.1%24.6% Yes Yes No No 75.4% 80.9%
  • 103. Next Steps?
  • 104. Examine ethnic differences within this racial group
  • 105. Compare results to race-specific non-LGBT sample
  • 106. Dissemination:Four Strategies
  • 107. Video Series
  • 108. Social Media Outreach
  • 109. Fact sheets & datadissemination to partners
  • 110. High-Impact Academic& Policy Dissemination
  • 111. Thank you!
  • 112. Compromise on Locations

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