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Introduction to Migration presented by
Migration is Global <ul><li>In 2005, 191 million people were counted as living outside the country of their birth </li></u...
Migration is Global Source: United Nations Population Division.  Trends in Total Migrant Stock,  2005 Revision . p 11.
Why do people migrate? <ul><li>Economics </li></ul><ul><li>( push/pull factors ) </li></ul><ul><li>Politics </li></ul><ul>...
Economic Causes of Migration <ul><li>Migration in search of better economic conditions, employment, etc.  </li></ul><ul><l...
Political Causes of Migration <ul><li>Migration to escape war, invasion, military takeover, etc.  </li></ul><ul><li>Migrat...
Political Causes of Migration <ul><li>Migration as punishment for crimes committed </li></ul><ul><li>Migration as a result...
Social Causes of Migration <ul><li>Migration to spread a religion  </li></ul><ul><li>Migration to reunite with family, fri...
What are the effects of migration? <ul><li>Effects on the immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Effects on the host country </li></...
Effects on the Immigrants <ul><li>Issues of identity </li></ul><ul><li>Issues of adaptation and assimilation  </li></ul><u...
Effects on the Host Country <ul><li>Economic impacts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>positive and negative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
Effects on the Home Country <ul><li>Remittances </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of revenue </li></ul>
Top 20 Remittance-Receiving Countries (by $ amount) Source: World Bank.  Global Economic Prospects 2006: Economic Implicat...
Top 20 Remittance-Receiving Countries (by % of GDP) Source: World Bank.  Global Economic Prospects 2006: Economic Implicat...
Effects on the Home Country <ul><li>Families left behind </li></ul><ul><li>“ Brain drain” </li></ul><ul><li>Population dec...
Multi-National Issues <ul><li>“ Open border” policies </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration policies </li></ul><ul><li>Security is...
Human Trafficking
Human Trafficking
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Migrations

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A short presentation in ppt format to learn about this phenomena

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  • Transcript of "Migrations"

    1. 1. Introduction to Migration presented by
    2. 2. Migration is Global <ul><li>In 2005, 191 million people were counted as living outside the country of their birth </li></ul><ul><li>The number of migrants worldwide has doubled since World War II </li></ul><ul><li>If they lived in the same place, international migrants would form the 5th most populous country in the world </li></ul>
    3. 3. Migration is Global Source: United Nations Population Division. Trends in Total Migrant Stock, 2005 Revision . p 11.
    4. 4. Why do people migrate? <ul><li>Economics </li></ul><ul><li>( push/pull factors ) </li></ul><ul><li>Politics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>( push factors ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Forces </li></ul><ul><li>( pull factors ) </li></ul>
    5. 5. Economic Causes of Migration <ul><li>Migration in search of better economic conditions, employment, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Migration to escape overpopulation and its effects </li></ul><ul><li>Migration to escape poor climate conditions such as drought, el Niño, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Migration to escape natural disasters </li></ul>
    6. 6. Political Causes of Migration <ul><li>Migration to escape war, invasion, military takeover, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Migration to escape persecution on ethnic, political, religious, or other grounds </li></ul><ul><li>Migration to escape prosecution for crimes committed </li></ul>
    7. 7. Political Causes of Migration <ul><li>Migration as punishment for crimes committed </li></ul><ul><li>Migration as a result of enslavement </li></ul><ul><li>Forced migration, with or without political agreement </li></ul>
    8. 8. Social Causes of Migration <ul><li>Migration to spread a religion </li></ul><ul><li>Migration to reunite with family, friends, etc. who have previously migrated </li></ul><ul><li>Migration to spread a political philosophy, such as Marxism, democracy, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Migration to find personal freedom, to live a certain lifestyle, or to hold certain beliefs, not necessarily as the result of persecution </li></ul>
    9. 9. What are the effects of migration? <ul><li>Effects on the immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Effects on the host country </li></ul><ul><li>Effects on the home country </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-national issues </li></ul>
    10. 10. Effects on the Immigrants <ul><li>Issues of identity </li></ul><ul><li>Issues of adaptation and assimilation </li></ul><ul><li>Differing cultural values between generations </li></ul>
    11. 11. Effects on the Host Country <ul><li>Economic impacts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>positive and negative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>real and perceived </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Welfare issues </li></ul><ul><li>Social attitudes </li></ul>
    12. 12. Effects on the Home Country <ul><li>Remittances </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of revenue </li></ul>
    13. 13. Top 20 Remittance-Receiving Countries (by $ amount) Source: World Bank. Global Economic Prospects 2006: Economic Implications of Remittances and Migration. 90.
    14. 14. Top 20 Remittance-Receiving Countries (by % of GDP) Source: World Bank. Global Economic Prospects 2006: Economic Implications of Remittances and Migration. 90.
    15. 15. Effects on the Home Country <ul><li>Families left behind </li></ul><ul><li>“ Brain drain” </li></ul><ul><li>Population decrease </li></ul>
    16. 16. Multi-National Issues <ul><li>“ Open border” policies </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration policies </li></ul><ul><li>Security issues </li></ul><ul><li>Human trafficking/slavery </li></ul>
    17. 17. Human Trafficking
    18. 18. Human Trafficking
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