APS1015 Class 2 - Systems Deep Dive
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APS1015 Class 2 - Systems Deep Dive

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This lecture focuses the dynamics within systems, how to identify and analyze gaps as well as evaluate how change takes place within more complex systems. Students will be introduced to the process......

This lecture focuses the dynamics within systems, how to identify and analyze gaps as well as evaluate how change takes place within more complex systems. Students will be introduced to the process of systems mapping and will participate in a class exercise to create and analyze a systems map for a specific social system. Students may apply the lessons from this lecture to the preparation of their major assignment, which will be introduced in this class (due Class 9).

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  • NORM

    Start with some introductions so we can get to know who you are
    then we will review the syllabus and class structure
    ground rules for the class
    first part of the lecture before the break will be on social entrepreneurship – defining it, providing examples, and introducing some of the key themes that we will talk about further in the course
    the second part of the lecture – after the break – will focus on social enterprise… definitions, examples, and setting the stage for later lectures
    we’ll then review what we learned, and prep for next week’s lecture
  • Flu – the virus doesn’t attack a person, the body creates the conditions for the flu to flourish

    Talk about the way this happens –
  • Flu – the virus doesn’t attack a person, the body creates the conditions for the flu to flourish

    Talk about the way this happens –
  • Flu – the virus doesn’t attack a person, the body creates the conditions for the flu to flourish

    Talk about the way this happens –
  • Flu – the virus doesn’t attack a person, the body creates the conditions for the flu to flourish

    Talk about the way this happens –
  • Flu – the virus doesn’t attack a person, the body creates the conditions for the flu to flourish

    Talk about the way this happens –
  • Flu – the virus doesn’t attack a person, the body creates the conditions for the flu to flourish

    Talk about the way this happens –
  • Flu – the virus doesn’t attack a person, the body creates the conditions for the flu to flourish

    Talk about the way this happens –
  • Flu – the virus doesn’t attack a person, the body creates the conditions for the flu to flourish

    Talk about the way this happens –
  • Flu – the virus doesn’t attack a person, the body creates the conditions for the flu to flourish

    Talk about the way this happens –
  • Flu – the virus doesn’t attack a person, the body creates the conditions for the flu to flourish

    Talk about the way this happens –
  • Flu – the virus doesn’t attack a person, the body creates the conditions for the flu to flourish

    Talk about the way this happens –
  • Flu – the virus doesn’t attack a person, the body creates the conditions for the flu to flourish

    Talk about the way this happens –
  • Flu – the virus doesn’t attack a person, the body creates the conditions for the flu to flourish

    Talk about the way this happens –
  • NORM

    Focus on the distinction between entrepreneur and enterprise

Transcript

  • 1. APS 1015: Social Entrepreneurship Class 2: Deep Dive into Social Systems Wednesday, May 21, 2014 1 Instructors: Norm Tasevski (norm@socialentrepreneurship.ca) Alex Kjorven (alex@socialentrepreneurship.ca)
  • 2. © Norm Tasevski Agenda • Recap of the Basics of Social Systems • Systems Change – Discussion • Systems Mapping – Class Exercise • Break • Prep for Tomorrow 2
  • 3. Social Systems (Recap from Last Week)… 3
  • 4. © Norm Tasevski What is a System? “A set of "Things” (people, organizations, objects…) that are interconnected in such a way that they form their own pattern of behaviour over time” Donella Meadows
  • 5. © Norm Tasevski System Behaviour • A system creates/causes its own responses • Outside forces can influence system response, but don’t cause the response • The same outside force that acts upon two different systems can therefore elicit two different responses • Example: the flu virus 5
  • 6. © Norm Tasevski System Components 1. Elements 2. Interconnections 3. Functions/Purpose Example: Soccer (Football) 6 Elements Interconnections Purpose
  • 7. © Norm Tasevski System Components • Elements – Tangible (people, buildings) – Intangible (team pride, learned skills) • Interconnections – Physical flows (e.g. objects moving) – Information flows (e.g. rules, instructions) • Function/Purpose – Intended responses (e.g. goal to win a soccer match) – Unintended responses (e.g. violence after a soccer match) 7
  • 8. Systems Change 8
  • 9. © Norm Tasevski Importance of Systems Change • Systems are dynamic (not static) they naturally change 9
  • 10. © Norm Tasevski Importance of Systems Change • Systems, if left alone, can create adverse consequences 10
  • 11. Systems Mapping 11
  • 12. © Norm Tasevski 12
  • 13. © Norm Tasevski Cause and Effect Chains Effect: – A symptom of a social condition – The symptom disappears if the cause underlying the condition is addressed Cause: – The underlying reason why a symptom exists – Proximate Causes: a cause closely related to an effect – Ultimate Causes: a cause more distantly related to an effect • The ultimate cause is the key bottleneck – the most important part of the chain! 13
  • 14. © Norm Tasevski Cause and Effect Chain - Example 14 Poverty ResultEffect Hunger Cause (Proximate) Can’t grow enough food Cause (Ultimate) Bad soil? Soil erosion? Not enough water? Not enough labour? Over-used soil? Don’t know how to prevent it Rains too hard Changing rain patterns? No irrigation resources? People sick?
  • 15. © Norm Tasevski “5 Whys” • Effect => Hunger. Why? • Hunger => Can’t grow enough food. Why? • Can’t grow enough food = Bad soil. Why? • Bad soil => Soil erosion. Why? • Soil erosion => Rains too hard...Etc…Etc… 15
  • 16. © Norm Tasevski The Vicious Circle • A symptom (effect) of a social condition can also be a cause, which then serves to further deepen the social condition 16
  • 17. © Norm Tasevski Vicious Circle - Example 17 Poverty ResultEffect Hunger Cause (Proximate) Can’t grow enough food Cause (Ultimate) Bad soil? Soil erosion? Not enough water? Not enough labour? Over-used soil? Don’t know how to prevent it Rains too hard Changing rain patterns? No irrigation resources? People sick? Malnutrition Poor Health Hunger could therefore be both an effect and a cause of poverty
  • 18. © Norm Tasevski Vulnerability vs. Resiliency • Vulnerability – The reduced ability for elements within a system to withstand shocks to the system – Examples of shocks: • A crop failure/drought • A health crisis/new illness • Resiliency – The absence of vulnerability (i.e. the ability to absorb shocks to a system) 18
  • 19. © Norm Tasevski Turning Vulnerability into Resiliency • Reduce the likelihood of incidents that induce vulnerability – E.g. reduce spread of illness with mosquito spray campaign • Lessen the severity of incidents that induce vulnerability – E.g. reduce severity of drought with irrigation • Improve one’s ability to cope with vulnerability- inducing incidents – E.g. provide insurance to farmers to cope with drought 19
  • 20. © Norm Tasevski 20 “Root Causes of Poverty” Workshop Tabe Ere
  • 21. © Norm Tasevski Step 1: The Case Read the case (5 Minutes) 21
  • 22. © Norm Tasevski Step 2: Cause and Effect Document the causes and effects of poverty in Tabe Ere, Ghana (10 minutes) In groups: • Write each cause and effect on a separate sticky note • Don’t sort the causes/effects just yet… 22
  • 23. © Norm Tasevski Step 3: Cause and Effect Mapping Map the causes and effects of poverty in Tabe Ere, Ghana (10 minutes) In groups: • Sort the sticky notes according to effect, proximate cause and ultimate cause 23 EffectCause (Proximate) Cause (Ultimate)
  • 24. © Norm Tasevski Step 4: Present Your Map Present your findings (10 minutes) 24
  • 25. Break 25
  • 26. © Norm Tasevski Prep for Tomorrow 26
  • 27. © Norm Tasevski What did we learn? 27