APS 1015: Social EntrepreneurshipClass 2: Deep Dive into Social SystemsWednesday, May 15, 20131Instructors:Norm Tasevski (...
© Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiAgenda•  Recap of the Basics of Social Systems•  Systems Mapping – Class Exercise•  Break•  O...
Social Systems (Recap from LastWeek)…3
© Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiWhat is a System?“A set of "Things” (people, organizations, objects…) that areinterconnected ...
© Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiSystem Behaviour•  A system creates/causes its own responses•  Outside forces can influence s...
© Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiSystem Components1.  Elements2.  Interconnections3.  Functions/PurposeExample: Soccer (Footba...
© Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiSystem Components•  Elements–  Tangible (people, buildings)–  Intangible (team pride, learned...
Systems Mapping8
© Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiCause and Effect ChainsEffect:–  A symptom of a social condition–  The symptom disappears if ...
© Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiCause and Effect Chain - Example10PovertyResultEffectHungerCause(Proximate)Can’t growenough f...
© Norm Tasevski & Karim Harji“5 Whys”•  Effect => Hunger. Why?•  Hunger => Can’t grow enough food. Why?•  Can’t grow enoug...
© Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiThe Vicious Circle•  A symptom (effect) of a social condition can alsobe a cause, which then ...
© Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiVicious Circle - Example13PovertyResultEffectHungerCause(Proximate)Can’t growenough foodCause...
© Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiVulnerability vs. Resiliency•  Vulnerability–  The reduced ability for elements within a syst...
© Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiTurning Vulnerability into Resiliency•  Reduce the likelihood of incidents that inducevulnera...
© Norm Tasevski & Karim Harji16“Root Causes ofPoverty” WorkshopTabe Ere
© Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiStep 1: The CaseRead the case (5 Minutes)17
© Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiStep 2: Cause and EffectDocument the causes and effects of poverty in TabeEre, Ghana (10 minu...
© Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiStep 3: Cause and Effect MappingMap the causes and effects of poverty in Tabe Ere,Ghana (10 m...
© Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiStep 4: Present Your MapPresent your findings (10 minutes)20
Break21
Major Group Assignment22
© Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiWhat did we learn?23
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APS1015 Class 2: Deep Dive into Social Systems

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This lecture will be structured workshop-style. Students will work with Engineers without Borders to understand the process of systems mapping. Students will then create and analyze a systems map for a specific social system, which will then be used as the basis for the major group assignment.

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APS1015 Class 2: Deep Dive into Social Systems

  1. 1. APS 1015: Social EntrepreneurshipClass 2: Deep Dive into Social SystemsWednesday, May 15, 20131Instructors:Norm Tasevski (norm@socialentrepreneurship.ca)Karim Harji (karim@socialentrepreneurship.ca)
  2. 2. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiAgenda•  Recap of the Basics of Social Systems•  Systems Mapping – Class Exercise•  Break•  Overview of Major Assignment•  Next week2
  3. 3. Social Systems (Recap from LastWeek)…3
  4. 4. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiWhat is a System?“A set of "Things” (people, organizations, objects…) that areinterconnected in such a way that they form theirown pattern of behaviour over time”Donella Meadows
  5. 5. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiSystem Behaviour•  A system creates/causes its own responses•  Outside forces can influence system response, butdon’t cause the response•  The same outside force that acts upon two differentsystems can therefore elicit two different responses•  Example: the flu virus5
  6. 6. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiSystem Components1.  Elements2.  Interconnections3.  Functions/PurposeExample: Soccer (Football)6ElementsInterconnectionsPurpose
  7. 7. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiSystem Components•  Elements–  Tangible (people, buildings)–  Intangible (team pride, learned skills)•  Interconnections–  Physical flows (e.g. objects moving)–  Information flows (e.g. rules, instructions)•  Function/Purpose–  Intended responses (e.g. goal to win a soccer match)–  Unintended responses (e.g. violence after a soccer match)7
  8. 8. Systems Mapping8
  9. 9. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiCause and Effect ChainsEffect:–  A symptom of a social condition–  The symptom disappears if the cause underlying thecondition is addressedCause:–  The underlying reason why a symptom exists–  Proximate Causes: a cause closely related to an effect–  Ultimate Causes: a cause more distantly related to aneffect•  The ultimate cause is the key bottleneck – the mostimportant part of the chain!9
  10. 10. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiCause and Effect Chain - Example10PovertyResultEffectHungerCause(Proximate)Can’t growenough foodCause (Ultimate)Bad soil?Soil erosion?Not enoughwater?Not enoughlabour?Over-usedsoil?Don’t knowhow toprevent itRains toohardChangingrainpatterns?No irrigationresources?People sick?
  11. 11. © Norm Tasevski & Karim Harji“5 Whys”•  Effect => Hunger. Why?•  Hunger => Can’t grow enough food. Why?•  Can’t grow enough food = Bad soil. Why?•  Bad soil => Soil erosion. Why?•  Soil erosion => Rains too hard...Etc…Etc…11
  12. 12. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiThe Vicious Circle•  A symptom (effect) of a social condition can alsobe a cause, which then serves to further deepenthe social condition12
  13. 13. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiVicious Circle - Example13PovertyResultEffectHungerCause(Proximate)Can’t growenough foodCause (Ultimate)Bad soil?Soil erosion?Not enoughwater?Not enoughlabour?Over-usedsoil?Don’t knowhow toprevent itRains toohardChangingrainpatterns?No irrigationresources?People sick?MalnutritionPoor HealthHunger could therefore beboth an effect and a cause ofpoverty
  14. 14. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiVulnerability vs. Resiliency•  Vulnerability–  The reduced ability for elements within a system towithstand shocks to the system–  Examples of shocks:•  A crop failure/drought•  A health crisis/new illness•  Resiliency–  The absence of vulnerability (i.e. the ability to absorbshocks to a system)14
  15. 15. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiTurning Vulnerability into Resiliency•  Reduce the likelihood of incidents that inducevulnerability–  E.g. reduce spread of illness with mosquito spray campaign•  Lessen the severity of incidents that inducevulnerability–  E.g. reduce severity of drought with irrigation•  Improve one’s ability to cope with vulnerability-inducing incidents–  E.g. provide insurance to farmers to cope with drought15
  16. 16. © Norm Tasevski & Karim Harji16“Root Causes ofPoverty” WorkshopTabe Ere
  17. 17. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiStep 1: The CaseRead the case (5 Minutes)17
  18. 18. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiStep 2: Cause and EffectDocument the causes and effects of poverty in TabeEre, Ghana (10 minutes)In groups:•  Write each cause and effect on a separate stickynote•  Don’t sort the causes/effects just yet…18
  19. 19. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiStep 3: Cause and Effect MappingMap the causes and effects of poverty in Tabe Ere,Ghana (10 minutes)In groups:•  Sort the sticky notes according to effect, proximatecause and ultimate cause19EffectCause(Proximate)Cause(Ultimate)
  20. 20. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiStep 4: Present Your MapPresent your findings (10 minutes)20
  21. 21. Break21
  22. 22. Major Group Assignment22
  23. 23. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiWhat did we learn?23

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