APS 1015: Class 4 - Intervening in Social Systems


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APS 1015: Class 4 - Intervening in Social Systems

  1. 1. APS 1015: Social EntrepreneurshipClass 4: Intervening in Social SystemsWednesday, May 29, 20131Instructors:Norm Tasevski (norm@socialentrepreneurship.ca)Karim Harji (karim@socialentrepreneurship.ca)
  2. 2. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiAgenda•  Recap of Gap Analysis (Class 3)•  Overview of Systems Interventions•  Guest Speaker – Assaf Weisz (Purpose Capital)•  Break•  Guest Speaker – Sal Alajek (Engineers WithoutBorders)•  Next week2
  3. 3. Gap Analysis (Recap from LastWeek…)3
  4. 4. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiKey Concepts•  Current State vs. Future Stage–  Current State: The amount of “stock” between twoelements in a system–  Future State: The ideal level of stock between elements in asystem•  Inflows vs. Outflows–  Inflows: An increase in stock–  Outflows: A decrease in stock•  Correcting Loops–  The mechanisms for controlling the inflows and outflowswithin a social system to maintain an ideal state•  Parameters–  Factors that affect inflow and outflow4
  5. 5. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiAnother Gap Analysis Technique•  PESTEL Analysis–  Political: The degree to which government intervenes in asystem–  Economic: The degree to which economic factors affect asystem–  Social: Cultural factors that affect a system–  Technological: Technological factors found in a system–  Environmental: Ecological and environmental factors in asystem–  Legal: The man-made laws governing a system5
  6. 6. Intervening in a System6
  7. 7. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiLeverage PointsLeverage Point: An intervention that addresses a gapin a system7
  8. 8. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiTypes of Leverage Points1. Slowing down or speeding up a correcting loop thatalready exists in a system–  Example of a slow down: The flu•  With no intervention, what is the effect does flu create in asystem?•  What intervention can slow down the flu?•  Slowing down the flu will therefore result in what change in thesystem?–  Example of a speed up: Voting rights in democracy•  With no intervention, what effect does restricted voting (e.g.preventing women to vote) have on the system?•  What intervention can “speed up” voting rights?•  Speeding up voting rights will result in what change in thesystem?8
  9. 9. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiThe Challenge with Focusing on CorrectingLoops Alone•  The nature of the intervention (and how it affectsthe rest of the system) dictates how resilient thesystem becomes9
  10. 10. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiExampleConsider response to 2011 Japan Earthquake…10
  11. 11. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiExample…11
  12. 12. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiExampleCompare to response to Pakistani floods…12In response towhy people arenot giving tothe Pakistaniflood in thesame way asthey did forHaiti, onewoman said:!!“It’s a roguestate, if theycan afford thenuclear bombthey can lookafter theirown”!!
  13. 13. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiTypes of Leverage Points2. Building resiliency in a system through self-organization–  Systems that self-organize are systems that evolve andnaturally adapt to shocks to a system–  Intervention focused on self-organization builds completelynew structures and new behaviours–  Example of self-organization: Human culture•  Stock? Social customs, conventions, symbols•  What happens to human culture when shocked (e.g.increased immigration from a new region of the world)?13
  14. 14. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiQuestionHow could social entrepreneurship act to createleverage points?14
  15. 15. Guest Speaker:Assaf Weisz15
  16. 16. Break16
  17. 17. Guest Speaker:Sal Alajek17
  18. 18. © Norm Tasevski & Karim HarjiWhat did we learn?18