1. Milk Many young children outgrow an allergy to milk within the first decade of life. However, should follow safety rules such as carrying epinephrine at all times. Milk allergy is caused by a reaction to sugar or protein in milk.
2. Eggs Eggs have two allergenic parts, the yolk and the white. They are not a major allergen for adults, although it is possible to develop an egg allergy in adulthood. Symptoms usually appear within minutes to two hours .
3. Peanuts The exact cause of peanut allergy is unknown, although biological process creates an allergic reaction is understood. It can be fatal to the sufferer, some times even being touched by someone who has handled peanuts will stimulate a reaction.
4. Wheat People with wheat allergy have abnormal immune system in response to at least one of the proteins that exist in wheat. It is most common child- hood food allergies, but may affect adults as well.
5. Sesame seeds Sesame seeds have been used for a variety of reason. This allergy seems to affect all ages. Allergens are similar in bio- chemical structure to peanut allergens. Cross- reactivity is seen, hence immune system treats them both the same.
6. Sea foods Seafood allergies are result of immune systems mistaken reaction to specific seafood proteins. It is more likely to develop in adulthood than in early childhood. It tends to be severe, lifelong food allergy
7. Sulphites Sulphites are substances that naturally occur in food, also used as a food additive & preservative to maintain food colour, prolong shelf life. It’s not completely known how sulphites cause reactions in certain people.
8. Mustard Mustard is an herbaceous flowering plant of family as cabbage, cauliflower. An allergy to mustard is an uncommon food allergy. If youre allergic to mustard, your body reacts to the proteins in the food product as if they are unsafe.
Types of food allergies The most common type of food allergy is triggered by antibody called immunoglobulin E, also known as IgE-mediated food allergy. It causes rapid symptoms, within seconds or minutes of exposure to certain foods. There is a greater risk of anaphylaxis with this type of allergy.
What a person needs to know about allergens Food allergies are caused when the immune system (the body’s defence against infection) mistakenly treats proteins found in food as a threat to the body, when in fact they should be harmless.
Reading food labels Food labels take some guess work out of label reading, helping you more easily identify foods that cause allergic reaction. Domestic or imported packaged food should have a label that lists whether the product contains one of the top 8 allergens.
Precautions need to be taken when allergic food is consumedThere is no treatment to cure a food allergy. The best way of preventing an allergic reaction is to identify the type of food that causes the allergy and then avoid it in future.People with a food allergy are often given a device, known as an auto-injector pen, which contains dosages of adrenaline that can be used in case of emergencies.
When to seek medical advice If you suspect you or your child may have a food allergy and this is suspected for first time after consumption of certain food, its very important to ask for a professional diagnosis from your GP, who can refer you to an allergy clinic.
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