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Digital Citizenship and Safety: Young Turks online
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Digital Citizenship and Safety: Young Turks online


This exploratory study is part of a series produced by the Social and Civic Media Section at UNICEF New York through its Digital Citizenship and Safety project. The Digital Citizenship and Safety …

This exploratory study is part of a series produced by the Social and Civic Media Section at UNICEF New York through its Digital Citizenship and Safety project. The Digital Citizenship and Safety project aims to get a better understanding of the digital landscape in a range of different countries, mainly those with a developing or emerging economy. The project starts with a data collection phase, during which exploratory, quantitative and qualitative studies are conducted to then produce evidence-based communication materials to raise awareness on the optimal and safe use of the ICTs. The concept of Digital Citizenship is then advocated at the local government level through advocacy workshops, seminars and conferences on how to maximize ICTs’ opportunities while minimizing risks.
The Digital Citizenship and Safety project aligns itself within the scope of work conducted by the Social and Civic Media Section at UNICEF, whose mission is to work with new technologies including social networking tools, SMS and digital mapping to empower children and young people to play an active role in society.
The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC, 1989) guarantees the right to express views and to be heard (Art.12), freedom of expression, including the freedom to seek, receive and impart information (Art.13), the freedom of association and peaceful assembly, and the right to information, (Art.17) amongst others. Although drafted before the Internet became ubiquitous, the CRC is highly pertinent when it comes to adolescents and youth accessing, posting and sharing content online. With the rapid development of ICTs in the last decade, these rights are analysed and clearly applied to the digital age under this project.
The key Results of the project are twofold: a) Adolescents and young people are educated about their rights, ICTs’ opportunities, and protected from ICTs’ risks through the concept of Digital Citizenship using diverse communication channels and/or inclusion in school curricula. b) Through advocacy work, policy makers are provided with evidence-based policy recommendations to maximize ICTs’ opportunities and minimize ICTs’ risks.

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  • 1. Youth of Turkey onlineDigital Citizenship and Safety in Turkey
  • 2. Table of Contents o  General Characteristics of the Turkish Net o  Digital Access and Activities o  Behavioral Online Trends o  Safety Risks o  RecommendationsDigital Citizenship and Safety
  • 3. Turkish Net
  • 4. Digital EnvironmentDigital Citizenship and Safety
  • 5. Digital Divide Internet In 2010, usage of computer Access with & without internet Desktop Computer Portable Computer Mobile Phones ages 16-74 nationwide household ICT ownershipDigital Citizenship and Safety
  • 6. Gender Participation Gap2010 usage of computer with & without internet for 16-24 years old Digital Citizenship and Safety
  • 7. Digital Access and Activities
  • 8. Digital Access children aged 6-13Digital Citizenship and Safety
  • 9. Digital Activities children aged 9-16Digital Citizenship and Safety
  • 10. Social Network Sites: FacebookDigital Citizenship and Safety
  • 11. Gender divide in Online Gamers 69% of 15-18 years old internet users play online gamesDigital Citizenship and Safety
  • 12. Behavioral Online Trends
  • 13. Frequency of Internet and Social Networking site use Frequency of Internet use Frequency of social networking site use 8% Less often   11%Once or 33% Everyday   23.7% twice a More than month   once a day   43.1% Once a day   4% Less 53% Few times 24% often   More than a week   1.2% once a week   Once a week   Digital Citizenship and Safety
  • 14. Online Safety Risks to the Youth of Turkey
  • 15. Risks online Sharing Personal Information / Child as recipient Malicious Software and Fraud / Child as recipient Exposure to Adult Content / Child as recipient Cyber-bullying / being bullied & bullying others Meeting Strangers / Child as participant Production of Child Abuse Images/Videos / Child as participantDigital Citizenship and Safety
  • 16. Malicious Software and Fraud Chances of being attacked by virus and malware on InternetDigital Citizenship and Safety
  • 17. Accept friendship request on SNS children aged 9-16Digital Citizenship and Safety
  • 18. Reply to messages from stranger on SNS ■  Males more likely to reply back than females. ■  Older respondents more likely to reply to strangers‘ messages. children aged 9-16Digital Citizenship and Safety
  • 19. Exposure to Adult ContentDigital Citizenship and Safety
  • 20. Cyberbullying children aged 9-16Digital Citizenship and Safety
  • 21. Cyberbullying ■  The study found that males were significantly more likely to engage in cyberbullying than femalesDigital Citizenship and Safety
  • 22. Discussions
  • 23. Who we are The Social and Civic Media Section, in the Division of Communication, seeks to support and promote UNICEF’s mandate through the use of social and civic media, and engage stakeholders in a deeper dialogue about child rights issues.Want to learn more on how to use Digital Citizenship and Safety? For further information contact us at: 23