Digital Citizenship and Safety: Ukrainian youths online

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This exploratory study is part of a series produced by the Social and Civic Media Section at UNICEF New York through its Digital Citizenship and Safety project. The Digital Citizenship and Safety …

This exploratory study is part of a series produced by the Social and Civic Media Section at UNICEF New York through its Digital Citizenship and Safety project. The Digital Citizenship and Safety project aims to get a better understanding of the digital landscape in a range of different countries, mainly those with a developing or emerging economy. The project starts with a data collection phase, during which exploratory, quantitative and qualitative studies are conducted to then produce evidence-based communication materials to raise awareness on the optimal and safe use of the ICTs. The concept of Digital Citizenship is then advocated at the local government level through advocacy workshops, seminars and conferences on how to maximize ICTs’ opportunities while minimizing risks.
The Digital Citizenship and Safety project aligns itself within the scope of work conducted by the Social and Civic Media Section at UNICEF, whose mission is to work with new technologies including social networking tools, SMS and digital mapping to empower children and young people to play an active role in society.
The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC, 1989) guarantees the right to express views and to be heard (Art.12), freedom of expression, including the freedom to seek, receive and impart information (Art.13), the freedom of association and peaceful assembly, and the right to information, (Art.17) amongst others. Although drafted before the Internet became ubiquitous, the CRC is highly pertinent when it comes to adolescents and youth accessing, posting and sharing content online. With the rapid development of ICTs in the last decade, these rights are analysed and clearly applied to the digital age under this project.
The key Results of the project are twofold: a) Adolescents and young people are educated about their rights, ICTs’ opportunities, and protected from ICTs’ risks through the concept of Digital Citizenship using diverse communication channels and/or inclusion in school curricula. b) Through advocacy work, policy makers are provided with evidence-based policy recommendations to maximize ICTs’ opportunities and minimize ICTs’ risks.

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  • 1. The UAnet GenerationDigital Citizenship and Safety in Ukraine
  • 2. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities TrendsTable of Contents ■  General Characteristics of Ukraine ■  General Characteristics of the UAnet ■  Digital Access and Activities ■  Behavioral Online Trends ■  Safety Risks ■  RecommendationsDigital Citizenship & Safety
  • 3. General Characteristics of Ukraine
  • 4. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities TrendsOverview POPULATION 45 million CAPITAL: city of Kyiv LANGUAGE: Ukrainian official language, Russian widely spoken STATIONARY INTERNET PENETRATION 23% MOBILE INTERNET PENETRATION 119%Digital Citizenship & Safety
  • 5. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities TrendsTotal Population by Oblast and by Rural-Urban BreakdownDigital Citizenship & Safety
  • 6. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities Trends10-24 years in populationDigital Citizenship & Safety
  • 7. UANet
  • 8. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities TrendsEnvironmentDigital Citizenship & Safety
  • 9. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities TrendsTop 10 Domains In UkraineDigital Citizenship & Safety
  • 10. DIGITAL ACCESS AND ACTIVITIES
  • 11. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities TrendsDigital Access Internet access for young people over 14Digital Citizenship & Safety
  • 12. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities TrendsPercent of urban children age 6-17 using various Internet connection devices by region panel  =  550  people  Digital Citizenship & Safety
  • 13. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities TrendsFrequency of urban Children (by percentage) using home stationary computer for Internet by age range Panel  =  430  people  Digital Citizenship & Safety
  • 14. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities TrendsKnowledge and Usage of Social Networking WebsitesMost popular web-sites among surveyed children 10-17 years old are social networking sites (SNS): 56% Digital Citizenship & Safety
  • 15. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities TrendsFacebook in Ukraine Total Facebook Users 1 450 700 Penetration of population 3.19% Facebook use by gender Females – 51% males – 49%Digital Citizenship & Safety
  • 16. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities TrendsUser  Generated  Content:  Blogosphere     ■  80% of Ukrainian blogs are found on three blog hosting sites, livejournal.com, blog.mail.ru, and liveinternet.ru ■  15% of blogs are on Ukrainian blog hosting sites: ■  Dnevnik.Bigmir.net, ■  blog.i.ua, ■  blog.meta.ua, ■  biox.ua. ■  420,000 person blogs (in Ukraine 2009) ■  20,000 communitiesDigital Citizenship & Safety
  • 17. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities TrendsMicro-­‐Blogging:  Twi=er     ■  35,500 Ukrainian twitter users ■  15% of users post daily ■  59% of users are in Kyiv, ■  9% in Kharkiv, ■  7% in Odesa, ■  6% in Lviv, ■  3% in Donesk and Dnipropetrovsk. Digital Citizenship & Safety
  • 18. Behavioral Online Trends
  • 19. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities TrendsIncreasing Internet UsageUkrainian Internet users access the Internet: age 14 and olderDigital Citizenship & Safety
  • 20. Safety Risks
  • 21. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities Trends Top Risks on the Internet According to Children aged 10-17: Malicious Software and Fraud: Exposure of Adult Content (in the past month): 39% Viruses Received link to pornographic content: Exposure of Adult Content: 2% of mobile internet users 21% Adult Content 7% of stationary internet users 14% clicked the link Exposure of Violent Content: Watched such content: Ended up on a pornographic site: 2% of mobile internet users 13% of stationary internet users 3% of mobile internet users 19% of stationary internet users 22% stayed/engaged Currently visit such sites: 2% of mobile internet users 11% of stationary internet users 9% engaged% of internet user in the panel (age 10-17) Digital Citizenship & Safety
  • 22. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities TrendsMeeting Strangers: When to meet a online stranger offline ?% of internet user in the panel (age 10-17) Digital Citizenship & Safety
  • 23. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities TrendsUrban Children who are internet users, aged 6-17 who faced risk online: Offered to take part in a lottery/ 6% of mobile internet users sweepstakes or provide 26% of stationary internet users 7% agreed information to win something 1% of mobile internet users Asked to be in a film 7% of stationary internet users 5% agreed 1% of mobile internet users Offered Drugs 7% of stationary internet users 11% agreedSURVEY: The percent is out of 550 youth ages 6-17 Digital Citizenship & Safety
  • 24. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities TrendsChildren who faced risk online Asked detailed information, address, parent occupation, vacation times: ■  1% of mobile internet users ■  8% of stationary internet users ■  17% agreed/shared Asked for personal photos: ■  2% of mobile internet users ■  14% of stationary internet users ■  28% agreed/shared Shared personal Information on SNS: ■  46%personal mobile phone number ■  36 %home address shared ■  51% personal photosSURVEY: The percent is out of 550 youth ages 6-17 Digital Citizenship & Safety
  • 25. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities Trends RecommendationsDigital Citizenship & Safety
  • 26. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities Trends Who we are The Social and Civic Media Section, in the Division of Communication, seeks to support and promote UNICEF’s mandate through the use of social and civic media, and engage stakeholders in a deeper dialogue about child rights issues. Want to learn more on how to use Digital Citizenship and Safety? For further information contact us at: asinha@unicef.org 26Digital Citizenship & Safety
  • 27. General Characteristics General Characteristics Digital Access Behavioral Online Safety Risks Recommendations of Ukraine of the UAnet and Activities TrendsDigital Citizenship & Safety