Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Sc2220 Lecture 5 2009

709

Published on

Lecture 5: Gender Socialization and Enculturation

Lecture 5: Gender Socialization and Enculturation

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
709
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
42
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. SC2220: Gender Studies Gender Socialization and Enculturation Eric C. Thompson National University of Singapore
  • 2. In This Lecture <ul><li>Enculturation &amp; Socialization </li></ul><ul><li>Gender Socialization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple Models and Influences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Q&amp;A with Experts in Childhood Gender Socialization </li></ul>
  • 3. Enculturation &amp; Socialization <ul><li>Enculturation: The process of learning a culture (system of beliefs and associated practices). </li></ul><ul><li>Socialization: Learning group norms and values from others. </li></ul><ul><li>Often used interchangably. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enculturation emphasizes the influence of a general cultural system of beliefs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Socialization emphasizes the sources of information (parents, peers, media, etc.). </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. Gender Socialization (3 Models) Model 1: Direct Teaching/ Rewards &amp; Punishment Model 2: Indirect Teaching/ Identification &amp; Modeling Behavior Adults set the agenda, provide rewards or punishment Children identify with adults/parents of same sex and imitate their behavior
  • 5. Gender Socialization Model 3 (Maccoby): Peer-to-Peer Socialization Children learn gender roles &amp; behavior from each other
  • 6. Gender Socialization Up to age 2 Equal Same-Sex, Cross-Sex Interaction 18 Interactions 9 Same Sex 9 Cross Sex
  • 7. Gender Socialization Age 3 to 6 Same-Sex 66%, Cross-Sex 33% 18 Interactions 12 Same Sex 6 Cross Sex
  • 8. Gender Socialization Age 6 to 10 Same-Sex 75%, Cross-Sex 25%* 18 Interactions 14 Same Sex 4 Cross Sex *These are all rough estimates, based on the research cited in Maccoby, pp.15-29
  • 9. From the perspective of an individual (child), we see how children’s worlds become segregated as they grow up. Increasingly, they are learning, playing, growing in “male” and “female” cultures.
  • 10. Children’s Worlds become Gender Segregated Age Two Boy’s World Girl’s World
  • 11. Children’s Worlds become Gender Segregated Age Four Boy’s World Girl’s World
  • 12. Children’s Worlds become Gender Segregated Age Six Boy’s World Girl’s World
  • 13. Children’s Worlds become Gender Segregated Age Eight Boy’s World Girl’s World
  • 14. Children’s Worlds become Gender Segregated Age Ten Boy’s World Girl’s World
  • 15. Children Reinforce Segregation, Stereotypes and Styles of Play between each other Boy’s World Girl’s World Don’t sit with the girls ! Only sissy’s play with dolls. Look at my new Power Rangers ™ toy! Let’s go play football Ewwww… boys are yucky! That dress is so cute, can I borrow it? I’m so glad Barbie ™ finally dumped Ken™! Poor Ken Let’s go play football Boys are so mean! “ Distinctions between males and females are of the group contextual kind. ” Maccoby, p.12 In other words, children grow up in different gendered cultures .
  • 16. Socialization Involves Complex, Multiple Influences 3. PEER SOCIALIZATION 1. DIRECT TEACHING 2. MODELING BEHAVIOR TV 4. GENERAL CULTURAL INFLUENCES
  • 17. Special Presentation and Q&amp;A on Childhood Socialization (Guest Presentation)
  • 18. Socialization of Difference (Points to Remember) <ul><li>Gender/Sex segregation is almost never absolute (for example, in the studies cited by Maccoby, a significant minority of interactions are still cross-gender). </li></ul><ul><li>Within a culture or society, a range of socialization and identities are always available to different individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>In the peer-to-peer socialization model (and all three models), messages, attitudes, status relations, etc. from the culture/society in general play an extremely important role. They provide the content of socialization. </li></ul>

×