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Media coverage of Iran Nuclear Crisis

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(This is the script for the slides focusing on the American Broadcast media coverage) ...

(This is the script for the slides focusing on the American Broadcast media coverage)

While doing this project I have studied 18 videos from four American news channels.
Videos from the top three American news channels ABC, CBS and NBC, and CNN international have been analyzed for this project.
I have based my report and findings on these18 news report alone, therefore any conclusion or that I have drawn are strictly aimed at critiquing these selective videos.
My analysis discusses the positives and negatives of these news reports based on
News angle
Balance
Sourcing
Language /Clips and quotes
Objectivity


News Angles

News channel Number of videos News angle
IRAN US OTHERS
CNN Int 6 2 2 1
ABC 4 0 4
CBS 4 1 3
NBC 4 1 3

Out of the 4 stories having an Iranian angle – the NBC story was an example of good Journalism. It discussed the actual effects any sanctions would have on the people of Iran.
One of the CNN story called “Iran’s War games” starts off with an Iranian angle but soon gets too engaged in the western reactions to the Iranian missile launch.

Balance:
CNN covered the entire affair in a very wholesome manner. The news angles taken are evidence to the kind of balanced coverage given to both the parties.
News reports titled ‘Iran’s war games’ ’and ‘Iran blasted for nuclear program’ were two reports done by CNN having an Iranian perspective. There were comments from Iranian officials.The comments of Iranian president whose were also used in this report.
While the news report – Iran blasted for nuclear program is very finely balanced with reaction and counter reaction exchanged between Iran and US and other western countries.
The report ‘Iran’s war games’ is just a reactionary report of the American countries.
Overall all the American news channels were very focused on the American side of the story.

Sources:
Positives:
The sources used by a majority of the American broadcasters were very prompt and accurate when it came to predicting the future of Iran’s nuclear program. Their analysis were spot on.

Example: David Albright on CBS accurately gazed that Iran was 2 years away from making any nuclear weapons.

Example: Ray Takeyh from council on foreign relation gave 2 very valid and foreseeing suggestions.

Hesuggested that Russia and china would have to be made key allies and that Oil and extraction technology related sanction would to more successful in subduing Iran’s nuclear agenda.

Negatives
The sources were mostly Americans. There were American officials, people working in think tanks like new America Foundation and council on foreign relations who came on news bulletins offering suggestions and predictions on a regular basis.
At the same time none of the Iranian authorities were questioned. Every report had only one clip or source that was Iranian while the rest all were Americans. Almost at an average of 1 out 4 sources was an Iranian.
Examples: there were only 4 Iranian officials and who made an appearance on the international and American television news.
Mahmoud ahmedinijad being, Saeed Jalili [Iran’s chief nuclear negotiator, Hasan Qashqavi [Iran’s foreign minister] and Iran’s defense minister whose name was too unimportant for a CBS reporter to even mention.

The Iranian’s claimed that they had informed the IAEA 18 months ago, while the American dated the Iranian disclosure to a week back. The distortion of claims from both sides was never clarified using a proper source from the IAEA

Language / Quotes and Clips
Positives:
There were a couple of outstanding reports like the CNN report titled “Iran blasted for nuclear program”
Though the name does sound aggressive and opinionated the actual report is a very balanced one. The report involves a series of reactions and counter reactions, leaving the audience to decide the scene for themselves.
No statement given by t

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Media coverage of Iran Nuclear Crisis Media coverage of Iran Nuclear Crisis Presentation Transcript

  • Timeline Iran’s nuclear programme Barack Obama, Gordon Brown and Nicolas Sarkozy meet in Pittsburgh to discuss Iran’s new uranium enrichment plant at Qom Iran tests long range missiles 25 September 28 September The 5+1 group and Iran hold talks in Geneva 1 October 4 October A date is set for the IAEA inspection of the plant at Qom 19 October Further talks held in Vienna How were the events covered?
  • What we Analysed
    • The US Print Media
    • The US Broadcast Media
    • The British Print Media
    • The Iranian Print and Broadcast Media
    • New Media
  •  
  • US Print
  • US Print
    • Sources
    • Mainly American sources
    • Many vague, unnamed sources
    • Perspective
    • Strong American perspective
    • had more points of view than
    US Print Possibility of a Nuclear-Armed Iran Alarms Arabs Iran Defends ‘Rights’ to Run Its Newly Declared Plant China Opposes Iran Sanctions Sought by U.S. Russia Resists U.S. Position on Sanctions for Iran
  • US Print
    • Language
    • U.S. and Allies Warn Iran Over Nuclear ‘Deception’ by David E. Sanger and William J. Broad
    • President Obama and his allies raced Friday to use their revelation of a secret Iranian nuclear enrichment plant as long-sought leverage against Tehran
    • In a day of high drama at an economic summit meeting, American, British and French officials ...
    • By today the Iranians were aggressively arguing that the plant was a “semi-industrial fuel enrichment facility” and that they voluntarily made its existence public
  • US Print
    • Language
    • Disclosure of Iran site raises nuclear, diplomatic tensions by Greg Miller and Jim Tankersley
    • Dramatically heightening the international confrontation over Iran …
    • But there are reasons that Bush may have been reluctant to launch a military strike …
    • … questions about whether the country’s nuclear program can any longer be crippled by a military strike.
  • Fact sheet
    • Analysed 18 news reports from:
    • Analysis based on
    • News angle
    • Balance
    • Sourcing
    • Clips and quotes
    • Objectivity
  • News Angles News channel Number of videos News Angles Iran US Others CNN 6 2 3 1 ABC 4 0 4 CBS 4 0 4 NBC 4 1 3
  • Balance
    • covered the entire affair in a very wholesome manner. The news angles taken are evidence to the kind of balanced coverage given to both the parties.
    • While the news report – ‘Iran blasted for nuclear’ program is very finely balanced with reaction and counter reaction exchanged between Iran and US and other western countries.
    • The report ‘Iran’s war games’ is just a reactionary report of the American countries.
  • Sources
    • Positives:
    • Ray Takeyh from Council on Foreign Relation gave very valid and foreseeing suggestions
    • He suggested that Russia and China would have to be made key allies
    • Oil and extraction technology related sanction would to more successful in subduing Iran’s nuclear agenda
    • Negative:
    • Only 4 Iranian officials and made an appearance on the international and American television news
    • Mahmoud Ahmedinijad, Saeed Jalili [Iran’s chief nuclear negotiator, Hasan Qashqavi [Iran’s foreign minister] and Iran’s defense minister whose name was too unimportant for a CBS reporter to even mention
  • Quotes and Clips
    • Positives:
    • report titled “Iran blasted for nuclear program”
    • Negative:
    • No other report could match the blatant sensationalist tone of “Obama’s missile crisis”
    • The senator from South Carolina says “we are heading for an Armageddon”
    • A think tank person, Graham Alison sums up the situation as “a Cuban missile crisis in slow motion”
  • Objectivity
    • Example: Senator Lindsay Graham from South Carolina [on ]reacting to the missile fired by Iran on the 28 th of September “Israel is at risk…”
    • World news with Charlie Gibson “United States still has that option [of a military attack] on table and Israel almost certainly has that option”
    • Juan Zarate on “…the international community better act before Israel takes matters in their own hands”
  •  
  • UK Print
  • Language
    • - short and to the point but very sensationalised for example “British James Bonds” – 26 September
    • The - clear and easy to understand
    • The - longer and more detailed
    • Both the Daily Mail and the Guardian not sensationalised
  • Sources
    • - foreign office contacts and various think thanks
    • - equal amount of sources used from both sides
    • - well sourced
  • Balance
    • All the newspapers have balanced stories, but some have more than others
    • - “Relations with Iran were moving from “confrontation” to “co-operation” Quote from Mohamed ElBaradel (5 October)
    • - `` Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said at a press conference in New York:' We don’t have any problems with (IAEA) inspections of the facility” (26 September)
  • Perspectives
    • and the are biased because they are written for a British audience.
    • - can’t conclude, if it is one way or the other
  • Findings
    • All the coverage is biased because it looks at
    • western sides.
    • All are well sourced
    • All explain what is happening
  •  
  • Iranian Media
  • Sources
    • The had almost exclusively Iranian sources
    • Several stories had a single source
    • Stories read like press releases
    • had more foreign sources and perspective but was guilty of cherry picking
    • had the most balanced range of sources
    BRAZIL PRESIDENT BACKS IRAN NUCLEAR PROGRAM TURKEY, IRAQ WARN AGAINST NEW SANCTIONS ON IRAN
  • Language
    • Made the assumption that what its sources said was true
    • Sensational headlines that are direct quotes
    In response to a question about the western states’ ballyhoo about iran’s peaceful nuclear studies Commenting on the unjustified clamour raised by some western countries Iran informed IAEA 18 MONTHS Before startup of new facility propagANDA CAMPAIGN MEANT TO MARGINALISE IRAN AHEAD OF NUCLEAR TALKS IRAN WILL ACCEPT NO PRECONDITION AT GENEVA TALKS
  • Unjustified Stories and Leads
    • The story did not justify the lead
    • The source of the story is not fully explained
    TURKEY, IRAQ WARN AGAINST NEW SANTIONS ON IRAN IAEA – No nuclear material inside iran’s new plant Iran may consider withdrawing from NPT
  • PERSPECTIV E S
    • Treated as a reaction story rather than a news story
    • The seemed to be pushing an anti-West agenda
    • decided to critique the Western media
    • No perspective offered on missile tests
    239 MPs caution 5+1 group to utilise opportunity Obama made a ‘historic mistake’: ahmedinejad
  • New Media
    • Fair and impartial hearing, different opinions
    • “… they have chosen to make the news public after an unspecified intelligence breakthrough”
    • “ Iran's leaders see negotiations as a way to buy time and avoid international sanctions”
    • Multiple Sources and quotes
    • Formal language
    • Opinion articles, Analysis
    • Multiple sources and quotes (US diplomats, experts, nuclear
    • scientists, quotes from politicians’ speeches)
    • US- centred articles –
    • “ Obama strikes a tough tone on Iran”
    • “ Initial discussions with Iran look promising”
    • Objectivity
    • Formal language
    • Only Western sources (US officials, Western media, quotes from Obama and Brown)
    • Formulaic chronology of events
    • “ The Iranians have cheated three times. And they have now been caught three times.”
    • Sensationalized language, irony, exclamations (Aha, cool)
    • Journalism of assertion rather than of verification
    • Shows the bias UK and US media have against Iran
    • “ The lunacy of the current propaganda campaign against Iran is bad enough. The fact that it comes so soon after the lies on Iraq makes it far worse”
    • Sources: British and American Media, quotes from Noam Chomsky
    • Language Style: sensationalized, angry, ironic, logical
    • Formulaic chronology of events: Purpose to show that Iranians are unfairly treated
  • War of Words US AND UK MEDIA IRANIAN MEDIA Obama accuses Iran of building secret nuclear plant Iran building nuclear plant Western diplomats said Iran came clean on the Qom site to the IAEA in September only after learning that US, French and British spy services had discovered it and Western leaders were about to blow the whistle. Iran informed IAEA 18 months before startup of new facility IAEA secret report: Iran worked on nuclear warhead IAEA: No nuclear material inside Iran's new plant
  • PRESENTED BY
    • Ilonka Oudenampsen
    • Priyanka Salve
    • Geraldine Lennon
    • Dustin Silgardo
    • Nektaria Stamouli