Green Tax Proposal - Bottle BillPresentation Transcript
Green Tax: The Bottle Bill By Chris & Elissa
The Bottle Bill
Prevent Waste of Plastic Bottles
1953 to now.
Parts of the US, Australia, Canada and Scandinavia
Examples of Current Laws
10¢: >24oz.and 5¢: <24oz.
Connecticut, New York, Delaware, Hawaii
Aluminum cans: 7¢ (voluntary)
One-way : 14¢ -24¢ (voluntary)
Refillable : 56¢ (voluntary)
What is the Market Failure?
Pollution = the result of a market failure
Green tax is used to correct the social inefficiency
Bottle Bill system
Reverse Vending Machine
Incentive for proper disposal
Reduction of pollution
Does the Proposed Remedy Internalize the externality?
This bill has been proven effective as the 10c deposit in Michigan produces recycling rates exceeding 95% in contrast to states where the deposit is a nickel.
Beverage container litter reduction: 69-77% in Maine ( p. 9, “State’s Experience With Beverage Container Deposit Laws Shows Positive Benefits.” U.S. General Accounting Office/Comptroller General of the United States, December 11, 1980); 84% in Michigan (“ Michigan Roadside Litter Composition Survey: Final Report.” Michigan Department of Transportation, Maintenance Division. December 1979); 70-80% in New York (“Final Report of the Temporary State Commission on Returnable Beverage Containers,” March 27, 1985).
Bottle Bill Resource Guide . 09 Mar. 2009 <http://bottlebill.org/>.
Total litter reduction: 30% in Massachusetts (“ Bottle Bills in the 1980’s: A Handbook for Effective Citizen Action,” Environmental Action Foundation, August 1987), 34-64% in Maine (U.S. General Accounting Office/Comptroller General of the United States, December 11, 1980), 47% in Oregon (p. 26, “Oregon’s Bottle Bill: The 1982 Report,” Oregon Department of Environmental Quality).