Krakow cribs


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Krakow cribs

  1. 1. KrakowCribs<br />
  2. 2. Kraków szopka (pron.: shop-ka), ornativityscene (crib, crèche)<br />(Polish: Szopka krakowska) is a Christmastraditionoriginating from Kraków, Poland, and dating back to the 19th century. Unliketraditional Western nativityscene. Kraków szopka portrayshistorical buildings from Kraków.<br />Nativity scenes, common in Christiancultures, originated with St. Francis of Assisi <br />in the 13th century and spread to Poland quickly afterwards. <br />During the Middle Ages a specific type of nativity scene based play, <br />a Jasełka, developed in Poland.<br />Some performers displayed their szopkas together with puppets in a form <br />of a street theatre. In some, movable puppets were replaced by immobile <br />wooden figurines. At times subject-specific puppets or figurines were <br />and are being added to illustrate elements of Polish culture, ranging from <br />historical figures like winged hussars and TadeuszKościuszko, <br />through legendary Pan Twardowski and Dragon of the Wawel Hill, <br />to contemporary politicians or artists. In the 18th century the spread of such <br />non-religious content led to a ban on more extravagant nativity scenes in some Polish churches; following the ban the performances evolved into a true <br />expression of folk art.<br />
  3. 3. The szopka tradition dates back to the 19th century, when Kraków's<br />craftsmen – masons, woodworkers – begun to make them as a seasonal decoration <br />in order to earn extra income during Christmas. The custom grew in popularity, <br />with people willing to pay to watch szopka collections – often carried by <br />door-to-door carolers – or to own them. Among the notable early patrons <br />of the custom was the magnate family of Potoccy.<br />After Poland regained independence in 1918, szopkas started to be made <br />and sold as souvenirs of Kraków. The city's municipal authorities decided <br />to support this tradition by announcing the first competition in December 1937. <br />Since then, with the exception of the Second World War years, <br />a szopka presentation and tournament takes place on first Thursday <br />of each December, at the Main Market Square, Kraków, <br />next to the Adam Mickiewicz Monument. <br />The best szopkas are displayed in the Historical Museum of Kraków<br />in Krzysztofory palace.<br />
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  24. 24. the end<br />Music - Krakowiak from ballet Ludomir Różycki „Pan Twardowski”<br />Photos from web pages has chosen - Anna<br />