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Jackie Daniels, MSW, LCSW Office of Alternative Screening and Intervention Services AAIP, SMART and MIP Programs Eigenmann Hall West 726 Indiana University, Bloomington January 7 th , 2011 College Students and Gambling What You Need to Know Special Thanks to IPGAP and Dani Marlette Perkins
Games are activities that involve one or more people, have a goal that is trying to be reached and rules to establish what can and cannot be done. They are played primarily for enjoyment, but can also have an educational role.
Gambling is any behavior that involves risking something of value (“the stakes”). It can be a game or contest outcome is dependent upon chance or the ability to do something.
GAMES or GAMBLING?
Bingo at Moose Lodge
NCAA Pool for March Madness/Final Four
Types of Gambling Gateway Gambling? “ Play Money. It looks real but this paper money is intended to be played with instead of spent! Gamble with it at your casino night party! Let little kids tuck it into wallets and purses!” -Oriental Trading Company Casino Lottery Sports Betting Poker Wagering on Horses or Dogs Internet “gaming” Children’s Roulette Wheel Chocolate Poker Chips "Anyone who has ever been with a child who is playing games that would be illegal if they paid out in cash knows how quickly money disappears into these devices, and how mesmerizing they are to children.“ - I. Nelson Rose, law professor at Whittier Law School in California
Gambling History in Indiana George Caleb Bingham, Raftsmen Playing Cards , 1847. (Dido Image Bank, Indiana University)
October 13th, 1989- First day of scratch-off ticket sales
July 1 st , 1993- Indiana Riverboat Gaming Act was passed (10 riverboats allowed). 10 opened in 1995.
September 1, 1995- First Horse track is opened in Anderson
1995 - Off Track Horse Betting Parlors open in Fort Wayne, Indianapolis and Merrillville (operated by Churchill Downs)
December 6, 2002- Shelbyville opens Hoosier Downs horse track
2002-2004 - Off Track Horse Betting Parlors open in Evansville and Clarksville (operated by Indiana Downs)
French Lick Casino opens in 2006 , after legislation called for the addition of another riverboat casino in 2003
2006 - Legislation for “charity gaming” transferred regulation from Indiana Department of Revenue to Indiana Gaming Commission (separate regulations for charity/non-profit gaming). Total value of prizes cannot exceed $1,000 in single event, or $3,000 in one year.
2007 - “RACINOS” 2,000 slot machines added at each of the 2 horse racing tracks in Shelbyville and Anderson.
Do you know the legal age limit for?
There’s More than Corn in Indiana Introduction to Indiana Gambling Laws “Indiana Moves Ahead of Mississippi in 3 rd Nationwide in Gambling”- IDS 3/2010
Anti-Lottery Laws Prohibit Use of Mail to Promote Lotteries
The Wire Wage Act outlaws the use of interstate telephone facilities by those in the gambling business to transmit bets or gambling-related information (1961)
Video/Cherry Picker games illegal
Internet Gambling, book-making, card games for money and numbers games are illegal
According to the Indiana Department of Revenue: Playing for Money is illegal (felony) unless at a Casino or at a registered not-for-profit Bookie= an individual who takes bets and either holds them or passes them along to an illegal sports book. - Rockey and King,2006
400,000 male youth in the college age range (18 to 22) gamble for money at least once a week on the Internet, and over 1.7 million do so at least once a month
Gambling rates for females continue to be lower than for their male counterparts, but sports betting is on the rise for women
NASY- National Annenberg Survey of Youth
There is no National Survey of Youth for gambling. Youth gambling studies are local and relatively new. - Winters, Anderson. Journal of Gambling Studies, 2000. Male youth ages 14 to 17 Male youth ages 18 to 22 Type of Gambling Rate in 2008 Rate in 2010 Change Rate in 2008 Rate in 2010 Change Cards 20.1 14.5 -5.6 31.6 33.3 1.7 Sports 28.9 24.1 -4.8 23.7 23.1 -0.6 Internet 2.7 6.2 4.5 4.4 16.0 11.6 Other 10.5 6.9 -3.6 33.0 32.1 -0.9 Total 41.7 38.2 -3.5 54.4 52.6 -1.8
35% of men and 10% of women admitted to gambling on sports, a direct violation of NCAA rules
14-19% of male student athletes met at least 1 of 10 DSM criteria for pathological gambling
Approximately 67% of all college students bet on sports
Sports betting is 2 nd to poker in popularity of gambling games among college students
-Paskus and Derevensky, 2010, NCAA Research
“ With gambling closely tied to collegiate athletics, it should come as no surprise that coaches, athletic administrators and even referees report much higher rates of gambling and the negative behaviors associated with it.” Festering Beneath the Surface: College Students and Gambling , Illinois Higher Education Center (2005)
Indiana Prevention Resource Center- Mary A. Lay, MPH, CHES, CPP- Coordinator of Indiana Problem Gambling Prevention Initiative & IPGAP website ( http://www.ipgap.indiana.edu/ )
Indiana Prevention Resource Center. (2010). Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drug Use by Indiana Children and Adolescents: The IPRC 2010 Prevalence Statistics Main Findings. Indiana Prevention Resource Center. Retrieved December, 2010 from http://www.drugs.indiana.edu/publications/survey/indianaSurvey_2010_high.pdf
NCAA Office of Government Relations
American Gaming Association. (2010). 2010 State of the States . American Gaming Association. Retrieved December 15, 2010 from www. americangaming.org / survey /index.cfm
Indiana University Student Code of Conduct and A to Z Guide to Residence Hall Living
Brown, S. (2006) . The Surge in Online Gambling on College Campuses. Gambling on Campus . 113, 53-61.
Lesieur, H.R.. Cross, J., Frank, M., Welch, M., White, C.M, Rubenstein, G.. Mosely. K., and Mark, M. “Gambling and Pathological Gambling Among University Students .” Addictive Behaviors , 1001, 16 , 517-527.
McClellan, G & Winters, K. (2006). Gambling: An Old School New Wave Challenge for Higher Education in the Twenty-First Century. Gambling on Campus. 113, 9-23.
Rockey, D. & King, C. (2006) Sports Wagering. Gambling on Campus. 113, 43-51.
Stinchfield, R., Hanson, W., & Olson, D. (2006) Problem and Pathological Gambling Among College Students. Gambling on Campus . 113, 63-72.
Welte, J.W., et al. Risk Factors for Pathological Gambling. Addictive Behaviors , 2004, 29 , 323-335.