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Presentation by Adam Cooper, JISC



Presentation by Adam Cooper, JISC, eFramework meeting 26012007

Presentation by Adam Cooper, JISC, eFramework meeting 26012007



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Presentation by Adam Cooper, JISC Presentation by Adam Cooper, JISC Presentation Transcript

  • Case Studies e-Framework for Education and Research Adam Cooper, Jan 2007
  • Key Character of e-Framework Guided by community involvement and open  collaborative development Working within and across domains  Flexible and incremental  Development  Deployment  A design methodology  with vocabularies, notations  A catalyst for development of specifications and  sta n d a rd s i fo rm e d b y “b u si e ss p ro ce ss” n n
  • Heuristic A heuristic is a replicable method or approach for directing one's attention in learning, discovery, or problem-solving. It is originally derived from the Greek "heurisko" (εὑ ρ ί κω ), w h i m e a n s "I fi d ". (A fo rm o f th e sa m e σ ch n verb is found in Archimedes' famous exclamation "eureka!" – "I have found [it]!") Wikipedia
  • The e-Framework... Is not a static document  Every aspect of the framework itself is developed iteratively  It mainly tracks and structures technological developments  Is not a prescriptive blueprint  Permits multiple solutions for the same component  Designed to provide the components for specific  architectures, but is not the architecture itself P ro vi e s stru ctu re to sm a l, „ ra ssro o ts‟ d e ve l p m e n t d lg o  Today  We are still near the beginning of an epic journey  W e a re stil a ski g “w h a t m a ke s a se rvi ? ” l n ce 
  • Reference Models Use Context Development Background Policies Guidance Processes Implementations Guidance Service Definitions User Needs & Community Engagement
  • Changing to a Service-Oriented Point of View
  • Application View (common now) Library Student Record System Learning Management Content Mgt Grading Content Mgt Discover Discover Course Management Packaging Packaging Reporting Activity Mgt Cataloguing Course Course Management Management Assessment Messaging Messaging Messaging Authentication Authentication Authentication
  • Problems 1: Silos Overlapping function and duplicated data  Data is incomplete, inaccurate, or entered many times  Confusing for users  Duplicated functionality - even single-signon is often missing  Core data and functionality are locked up in individual  applications. Difficult to customise systems to meet diverse requirements  Legacy systems costly to replace  Integration is limited  Synchronisation is problematical  Users forced to use multiple systems for one task 
  • Problems 2: Un-coordinated/Isolated Development and Innovation Different communities and different domains:  Duplicate effort - waste  Incompatible systems - lost opportunities for synergy  Innovative ideas fail to flourish because:  T o o m a n y re so u rce s a re l st so l n g „ o ri g ‟ kn o w n o vi b n ,  problems Too many dependencies on unique infrastructures  Too idiosyncratic to be sustainable beyond a particular  person or project - slow development of new practice
  • Service View (aspiration) Library Student Record System Learning Management Grading Activity Mgt Cataloguing Reporting Collaboration Assessment Messaging Authentication Messaging Discovery Content Mgt Packaging Common Services ... but to do this is not easy
  • T hree “R eference M odel” P rojects eXchanging Course Related Information -XCRI  Personal Learning Environment – PLE  Course VAlidation Reference Model – COVARM  (no details today)  Close service relationships but differing perspectives  (and differing approach) X C R I e n d e d u p w i o u tw a rd l o ki g “a d ve rti n g ” fo cu s th on si  PLE is about learner interactions – publishing and  consuming C O V A R M i “p ro d u ct d e ve l p m e n t” fo r H E – control s o 
  • XCRI - Why? N a ti n a l a g e n d a o f „n fo rm e d ch o i ‟ a b o u t o i ce  learning opportunities. Standards exist for exchanging information about  people, groups and membership but no agreed way to exchange information about  courses. Institutions developing ways to populate their  prospectus from definitive data but resorting to re-entry of data to populate aggregator  sites, regional portals, ... etc. Genuine interest from the community  12
  • XCRI - History Q1 2005 XCRI project devised by CETIS Enterprise SIG spin-off + UCAS Q2 2005 E xisting standards review ed (N o rw ay’s C D M clo sest) Q3 2005 UK prospectus websites reviewed (161!) Case studies of existing practice produced from site visits Q4 2005 R1.0 XML schema developed through prototyping & critique Q1 2006 R1.0 XML schema tested with Plymouth-UCAS, Oxford Uni CPD, Reid Kerr Prospectus & Liverpool Learning Matrix Regional Portal Searchable curriculum repository demonstrated Q2 2006 XML used at Adam Smith College to generate PDF course brochures Report produced on competence modelling and XCRI Q3 2006 Existing XCRI deployments & authoring options reviewed Optimised Course Advertising Profile XML schema released Q4 2006 JISC to fund trials of the XCRI CAP + demonstration aggregator 13
  • XCRI - Approach S tro n g fo u n d a ti n o f “w h y” o  CDM – Standing on the shoulders of giants  Progression:  Survey,  Map,  Focus (you cannot do it all)  Agile and collaborative - “i fo rm e d co m p ro m i i n se n  a cti n ” o
  • Admission E-Admission Learner Pathways Stats Trails Advice Applicant Feedback Course Course Details Search Entry Requirements Course Learner E-Application Goals Advertising Entry Personal Profiles Statements References Evidence of Achievement Portfolio Acquired/Required Competence Curriculum Management Transcripts Personal Course Development Approval Student Course Assessment Planning Modification Results Records
  • Agile and Collaborative “V irtual O rganisation” Michael Aherne, Reid Kerr Tavis Reddick, Adam Smith Scott Wilson, CETIS Ben Ryan, Kainao Julie Hardman, MMU Anthony Beal, LLMX Simon Grant, CETIS Roger Clark, LLMX Mark Leyland, MOVE Vashti Zarach, CETIS Paul Walk, ex London Met Alan Paull, UCAS consultant now UKOLN Selwyn Lloyd, Phosphorix Adam Marshall, Oxford 16
  • XCRI - CAP Structure presentation venue provider course + identifier + identifier + identifier + identifier * + description[] + name * + name + title * + start + description[] + description[] + description[] + end + address[] + address[] + url + duration + street + street + image + studyMode + town + town + dc:any[] + languageOfInstruction[] + postcode + postcode + qualification[] + languageOfAssessment[] + phone + phone + placesAvailable + fax Vocab for typed description + fax Aim + cost + email + email Asssessment Strategy + entryRequirements + url + url Career Outcome + applyFrom + image + image Entry Profile + applyUntil Indicative Resource + applyTo Learning Outcome (This largely Policy maps into Vocab for typed description Provided Resource IETF Atom Application Procedure Regulations Contact Hours Required Resource and DCES) Contact Pattern Special Feature Study Hours Support Structure Syllabus Teaching Strategy 17
  • XCRI - C A P S ervice “E xpressions” Level 1: Pure aggregation, RSS/Atom style -  “co u rse i fo fe e d s” n Level 2: OAI-PMH protocol carrying XCRI-CAP  metadata ... also binding options:  Complete XCRI-CAP schema (current)  IETF Atom extensions  18
  • XCRI - Plans Short validation/demonstrator projects  Support Project (2 year) awaiting for approval  finalise and disseminate the XCRI, including XML schema  and documentation for use by implementation projects construct validation software  implement an online demonstration aggregator  respond to queries from mini-projects  work with the structured personal statement e-admissions  projects to create an appropriate XCRI specification profile continue to develop the XCRI reference model to reflect new  knowledge emerging from the experience of the projects provide briefings and presentations for relevant  organisations
  • XCRI - Example Implementation 20
  • 21
  • Institutions Publish XCRI XML 22
  • PLE - Approach Top down – scenarios and inspiration  from philosophy Bottom up – patterns in existing systems  Exploratory – prototype development  (PLEX)
  • PLE – Map of Patterns
  • PLE - Services Identified in the Patterns Refactored: Referenced without   modifications: Rating  Recommending  LearningFlow  Annotation  Calendar  Presence Added:   Detail added: PersonalProfile   Posting  ActivityManagement  Syndication  Group  Trails  Workflow  Exploration 
  • Opportunities Activities Flikr 43 Things Social del.icio.us PLE Concept LiveJournal XCRI - Organised learndirect learndirect LSE XCRI - Moodle University
  • Reid Kerr FE College publishes Adam Smith College creates an XCRI-compliant XML version PDF programme brochures PLEX of its prospectus catalogue in from XCRI XML an afternoon Kainao.com develops XCRI validator, Word 2003 transforms and web-based forms for capturing course information The JISC PLE Reference Model and for the Pathways4Progression consumes the London XCRI Regional Pilot project repository web service within 4 hours of it being published The EELLS Regional Pilot deploys the architecture developed by XCRI The Learning Matrix Regional Pilot Phosphorix.co.uk for the Learning Matrix project uses XCRI to aggregate learning for XCRI course aggregation opportunities offered by a range of providers in Liverpool London Metropolitan University develops a prototype APS consultants upload XCRI XCRI XML repository that data into UCAS supports XPath and XQuery web service searches Oxford University Computing Services APS consultants export use XCRI to aggregate short course information P lym outh U niversity‟s for Continuous Professional Development course catalogue as XCRI XML
  • Access Management, Identity and the e-Framework
  • Shibboleth & UK Access Management Federation for Education and Research Identity Provider Service Provider Service Provider
  • Shibboleth Federated – element of trust  Devolved management of users  Attribute-driven authorisation  Privacy-preserving  Is this a service?
  • .. an “O rchestration”? P ro b a b l a “C h o re o g ra p h y” - a collaborative y  interaction Supported by a framework for trust  And some software  An enabler of service provision 
  • CardSpace and OpenID CardSpace is Microsoft architecture  O p e n ID i “o p e n ” s  Id e n ti M a n a g e m e n t fo r th e ci ze n , “w e b -w i e ” ty ti d  A brick in the wall 
  • MS Identity Metasystem Architecture Microsoft
  • CardSpace The identity selector  (also self-issued provider and AD provider adapter)  Citizen can choose which identity to use and which  personal attributes to share Their own assertion  Identity asserted by a trusted party  Service-orientation in miniature  Based on open interoperability  Id e n ti sto ra g e i m o vi g o u t o f th e “sios” ty s n l  Slightly different model to federation 
  • Key Points Shibboleth operates as an enabler for Common  Services O n ce i i th e re , “h i h e r l ve l se rvi s ca n fo rg e t ts g e” ce  about it - “se p a ra ti n o f co n ce rn s” o Don't forget technology used by the citizen 
  • Acknowledgements Today's presentations have used material from: Kerry Blinco, DEST ● Scott Wilson, JISC CETIS ● Bill Olivier, JISC ●