Digital Divide

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  • Rong will start with a general definition and some statistical examples of the divide, Jingbo will discuss the efforts of open courseware, Susan will look at policies that have been implemented to narrow the gap, And Ilyas will talk about case studies that attempt to solve the problem.
  • Digital Divide

    1. 1. The Digital Divide April 12, 2007 EM590 – Professor Thomas Presented by Rong, Jingbo, Susan, and Ilyas
    2. 2. Definition <ul><li>“ The gap between those individuals and communities that have, and do not have, access to the information technologies that are transforming our lives.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Dickard and Schneider (2007) </li></ul>
    3. 3. Statistics (1 of 4) Source: U.S. Department of Education (2005)
    4. 4. Statistics (2 of 4) Source: http://rtc.ruralinstitute.umt.edu (2004)
    5. 5. Statistics (3 of 4) Source: UIS from ITU World Telecommunication Indicators Database (2005)
    6. 6. Statistics (4 of 4) Source: www.vilaweb.com (2004)
    7. 7. Open Educational Resources <ul><li>Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open courseware </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Harvard@Home Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Videotaped lectures </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Programs and Policies <ul><li>United States (federal level) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-rate Discount Program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Centers (CTCs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology Opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Program (TOP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Child Left Behind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(NCLB) </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. International Policies <ul><li>The World Bank </li></ul><ul><li>United Nation’s Educational, Science, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sub-Saharan Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brazil </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. A World View Source: www.euractive.com (2005) Telecommunication Users (DAI)
    11. 11. DigiSoft’s iTV <ul><li>DigiSoft’s project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aims to develop software solutions for Interactive TV. </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. The French Easy Neuf Computer Project <ul><li>Neuf Cegetel (French Internet service provider) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed a computer based on a low-cost model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aimed at people who are unable to buy a computer </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. India’s Simputer <ul><li>Only nine in every 1,000 Indians own a computer. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Machines are too expensive. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The Simputer” was designed to provide cheap and accessible computing on the go. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.siliconeer.com/past_issues/2004/april2004.html </li></ul>
    14. 14. Conclusion from Digital Divide to Digital Inclusion

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