The present perfect

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  • 1. Doaa Jamal : Prepared by
  • 2.
    • The present perfect is formed by combining the auxiliary verb "has" or "have" with the past participle .
    • Statement : Subject + Have/Has + Past Participle . Affirmative :
    • I, You, They, We, You + Have + past participle .
    • He, She, It + Has + past participle .
  • 3.
    • I have cleaned my room .
    • They have played tennis .
    • I have eaten two sandwiches .
    • He has eaten chocolate .
    • She has drawn a picture .
    • We have gone home.
    • I have worked hard this year .
  • 4.
    • * Something or action which happened at an unstated indefinite time in the past ( the time is not important).
    • Examples :
    • My parents have bought a new house .
    • She has broken her arm .
    • Actions which started in the past and are still * continuing in the present .
    • Examples : I have known Sarah for four years .
    • They have been friends for twenty years .
    • ( They met each other twenty years ago and they are still friends ) .
  • 5.
    • We use the words “for” and “since” with the present perfect to talk about something that began in the past and continues in to now (the present) .
    • For example:
    • I have studied at this school since last year.
    • She has lived in Florida for 6 months .
    • They have been married since 1985 .
    • .
  • 6.
    • Ahmed has been a teacher ( for , since ) ten years .
    • Fatimah has not swum (for, since ) last summer .
    • I have not seen Sarah ( for , since ) tow days .
    • My brother has been here (for, since ) 10:30 .
    • Sarah has not played tennis ( for , since ) three weeks .
  • 7.
    • I have seen (see) that film before .
    • We have read ( read) three English books .
    • My mother has been (be) to London twice .
    • Ahmed have borrowed ( borrow) four CDs for me .
    • The children have eaten (eat) breakfast .
    • You have drunk (drink) all the coffee .
    • Be quite! The film has started (start) .
    • My parents have had (have) this house since 1950 .
  • 8.
    • a. He / lose / his passport.
    • He has lost his passport.
    • b. We / not / finish / our work.
    • We have not finished our work.
    • c. They / buy / a new house.
    • They have bought a new house.
    • d. I / visit / New York / five times .
    • I have visited New York for five times .
    • e. They / go / to the cinema.
    • They have gone to the cinema .
    •  
  • 9.  
  • 10.
    • My sister has cleaned the house .
    • My sister has not cleaned the house .
    • We have moved since 1980 .
    • We have not moved since 1980 .
    • He has spent all his money.
    • He has not spent all his money .
    • We have done our homework yet.
    • We have not done our homework yet .
    • Sarah and her friend has been shopping .
    • Sarah and her friends has not been shopping .
    • Ahmed has learned English.
    • Ahmed has not learned English.
  • 11.
    • 1. Jane /office / from / return.
    • Jane has returned from office .
    • 2. She / a novel /write.
    • She has written a novel .
    • 3. He / ten films / in /act.
    • He has acted in ten films .
    • 4. I / not / letter/ your /receive .
    • I have not received your letter.
  • 12.
    • 5. She / money / her /lose .
    • She has lost her money .
    • 6. I / hard /study / for years .
    • I have studied hard for years .
    • 7. I / phone calls / six / since/ answer / lunchtime .
    • I have answered six phone calls since lunchtime .
    • 8. Police /80 suspected /arrest / in raids/ drug traffickers .
    • Police have arrested 80 suspected drug traffickers in
    • Raids .
    • 9. A 24-year old / kill /woman / in an accident .
    • A 24-year old woman has been killed in an accident .
  • 13.
    • Someone _______ my CD player. have stole have stolen has stole has stolen
    • _______ a grizzly bear? Have you ever seen Have you ever see Has you ever seen Has you ever see
  • 14.
    • I _____ sky diving. has never try never tried have never try have never tried
    • He _______ hard this week at his job. has work have work has worked have worked
  • 15.
    • Bill ______ a new house. have just bought have just buy has just bought
    • has just but
    • That house _______ painted green for ten years. have be have been has be has been
  • 16.
    • The bus _____ down. have broke have broken has broke has broken
    • Susan ________ two pieces of cake. have ate have eaten has ate has eaten
    • I ____ three kilometers to get to work. have rode have ridden has rode has ridden
  • 17.
    • Thank you