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overview of the city

overview of the city

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  • 1. Paris, la Ville Lumière
    • Capital of France
    • Capital of fashion, art, technology and cuisine
    • Nickname= city of light= knowledge
    • Approx. 12 miles across
  • 2. Notre Dame de Paris
    • Name means “Our Lady”= Mary
    • Located on Ile de la Cité
    • Gothic cathedral pointy arches, gargoyles, stained glass, tall=600 feet
    • Took 200 years to build during the middle ages
    • Built to house the crown of thorns and cross
    • Parvis= small plaque in front on sidewalk that measures all distances to and from Paris
    • 2 front towers were left unfinished
  • 3. La Sainte-Chapelle
    • Small gothic cathedral
    • Only took 20 years to build
    • Home of the crown of thorns and portion of the cross
    • Next door to Notre Dame
    • Famous for stained glass windows
    • Connected to Palais de Justice / Supreme Court
  • 4. Sacré C œur
    • Name means “Sacred heart” built to honor Catholics who were martyred on the hillside
    • White basilica= domed church
    • In Montmartre, district to north known for artists
    • Located on Place du Tertre
  • 5. La Madeleine
    • White Greek-style temple
    • On Rive Droite / Right Bank
    • No windows
    • Built by Louis XV
    • Sculptures of the 10 commandments
  • 6. Le Pont Neuf
    • Name means “New Bridge”
    • Oldest bridge in Paris - begun 1578 & finished 1607
    • Connects Ile de la Cité to the Rive Droite & the Rive Gauche
  • 7. L’Arc de Triomphe
    • Built by Napoleon
    • Roman in style
    • On Place de l’Etoile which was later renamed Place Charles de Gaulle, after the French President
    • 12 avenues that radiate out form a Rond Point (traffic circle)
    • Located at end of the Champs Elysées
  • 8. L’Arc du Carrousel
    • Built by Napoleon in 1800
    • Roman in style
    • Resembles Arc de Triomphe, but smaller and has 3 arches
    • 3 arches= liberty, equality and brotherhood
    • Outside Louvre, marks entrance to Tuileries Gardens
  • 9. La Grande Arche
    • Built in 1989 for France’s bi-centennial
    • Modern interpretation of the Arc de Triomphe
    • Modern office building, “cubes”
    • Located in La Défense district
    • Has a strange bat-like tarp that hangs in the middle
    • So large that Notre Dame would fit inside the arch!
  • 10. La Tour Eiffel
    • Built in 1889 for the Universal Expo + France’s centennial
    • 3 étages (levels)
    • Controversial- hate turned to love
    • Has restaurants, movie theaters and shops
    • Military post, satellite and weather station
    • Located on the Champs de Mars which is on the Rive Gauche / left bank
  • 11. Le Louvre
    • Former royal palace
    • Largest art museum in the world, through 1890
    • New entrance, glass pyramid
    • Famous works include La Joconde = Mona Lisa; Winged Victory = Nike;
    • Venus de Milo
  • 12. La Joconde
    • By Leonardo Da Vinci
    • Italian painter brought to France by François I during the Renaissance
    • Unknown woman with a strange glance
  • 13. La Victoire de Samothrace
    • Known as Nike, the Greek goddess of victory
    • Nike adopted the swoosh and Just-do-it logo, after the Winged Goddess of Victory
  • 14. La Vénus de Milo
    • Famous Greek statue of the goddess Aphrodite
    • Carved of marble about 100 BC
    • Found in 1820 on the island of Milos
  • 15. Le Palais de Chaillot
    • 4 museums: science + mankind, Naval, and Cinematography
    • Home of Einstein’s brain
    • Shaped like two embracing arms
    • Center area has a platform, excellent for viewing the Eiffel Tower
  • 16. Le Musée Rodin
    • Former hotel, turned art museum
    • Ground and hotel used to display statues by Rodin
    • Le Penseur (The Thinker) is a famous statue which greets you at the garden’s entrance
  • 17. Musée d’Orsay
    • Former train station
    • Art museum which houses art from 1850-1920
    • Known for its Impressionist paintings
  • 18. Claude Monet
  • 19. Auguste Renoir
  • 20. Vincent Van Gogh
  • 21. Le Centre Pompidou
    • Modern art museum
    • Also known as Beaubourg, this district where it is located
    • Renamed for the French President who was in charge of its development, Georges Pompidou
  • 22. L’Hôtel des Invalides
    • Former church
    • First used by Louis XV to house wounded soldiers
    • Napoleon also used it for his soldiers
    • Contains military history museum and veteran’s center
    • Napoleon is buried here
  • 23. Champs Elysées
    • Most famous street in Paris
    • Begins at Place de la Concorde
    • Ends at L’Arc de Triomphe
    • Up-hill, tree-lined
    • All parades and political events happen here
  • 24. Place de la Concorde
    • Square outside the Louvre
    • Former site of the guillotine
    • Today the Obelisk de Luxor, a gift from Eygpt, stands there
  • 25. Le Jardin des Tuileries
    • Garden outside the Louvre
    • The Tuileries wing of the Louvre burned; all that remains are the gardens
    • Kings of France used to stroll here
    • Fountains used for toy boat races
  • 26. La Cimetière Père LaChaise
    • Famous cemetery
    • Eternal resting place for many famous singers and actors
    • Jim Morrison, Edie Piaf, Charles Balzac, Chopin, Toulouse-Lautrec, Marcel Proust
  • 27. Le Jardin du Luxembourg
    • Gardens and home of the French Senate
    • On the Rive Gauche, left bank
    • Cinquième arrondissement, 5 th
    • In the Latin Quarter
    • Near the Sorbonne University
  • 28. La Conciergerie
    • Former Prison for the elite, aristocracy
    • Marie Antoinette was held here
    • Dungeons and torture chambers, Oubliettes, and Leper Colony
    • Today - museum and concert hall
  • 29. La Bastille
    • Former prison that was stormed and destroyed at the outset of the French Revolution July 14, 1789
    • Prison and armory
  • 30. L’Hôtel de Ville
    • Municipal building that houses city administrative offices
    • Almost destroyed by fire in 1871, most of the building had to be rebuilt
  • 31. L’Opèra
    • Home of the French ballet
    • Inspired the story Phantom of the Opera, famous staircase, chandelier, and river beneath the building
    • On Place de la Bastille
  • 32. La Sorbonne
    • Oldest university in France
    • On Rive Gauche, cinquième arrondissement
    • In Latin Quarter, as all classes were taught in Latin
  • 33. L’Odéon
    • Theater built especially for Marie Antoinette
    • Still used today for concerts and other productions
  • 34. Le Moulin Rouge
    • Name means “Red Mill”
    • Trademark is the red windmill located on the roof
    • Famous nightclub, shows
    • Can-Can Dance
    • Located in Montmartre, on Place Pigalle
  • 35. Le Château Versailles
    • Little hunting cabin in the woods, became the largest, most lavish home in the world
    • “ built” by Louis XIV to lure nobles out of Paris so that the King could rule without interference
    • About 12 miles south of Paris
    • It was rebuilt several times since the 17th century
  • 36. Le Château Fontainebleau
    • Famous castle near Paris
    • Famous for its horse-shoe shaped staircase
    • Many movies have been filmed here
  • 37. Giverney
    • Monet’s home and gardens
    • Water lilies and Japanese gardens served as a source of artistic inspiration
    • About 30 minutes north of Paris
  • 38. Malmaison
    • Famous castle near Paris
    • Home to Napoleon, as Versailles was in ruins and France was not able to afford to restore it.