(발제) NICEBook-Supporting Natural Note Taking +CHI 2010 -Peter Brandl /표민기 x 2012 winter
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

(발제) NICEBook-Supporting Natural Note Taking +CHI 2010 -Peter Brandl /표민기 x 2012 winter

on

  • 219 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
219
Views on SlideShare
219
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

(발제) NICEBook-Supporting Natural Note Taking +CHI 2010 -Peter Brandl /표민기 x 2012 winter (발제) NICEBook-Supporting Natural Note Taking +CHI 2010 -Peter Brandl /표민기 x 2012 winter Presentation Transcript

  • 표민기
  • NiCEBook – Supporting Natural Note Taking Mingi Pyo 2011.02.02.UX Lab. Peter Brandl, Christoph Richter, Michael Haller Media Interaction Lab Upper Austria University of Applied Sciences Proceeding of CHI ’10
  • Keyword Paper Interface, Digital Notebook, Digital Pen, Note- Taking, Structuring, Tagging
  • NiCE Book -flexibility and simplicity of taking notes on paper -benefits of a digital representation
  • a variety of different notes, -short notes, sketches or meeting logs. -temporary, long- term, confidential, private or public notes. at a nt on ok se an to er at th he he he s, e- r- ty s, In es al taking notes. They support the transfer of knowledge to paper for memorization, facilitate thinking on paper or enable the sharing of information with others. Understanding the physical interaction with notebooks helps human-computer interaction developers to apply this knowledge to creating tools that support note-taking activities. Previous research has shown that paper can be used as an interface for digital systems in various forms. This encompasses the annotation of electronic documents [6][27], creating rich documents from paper [17][31] and structuring information [7][28]. However, to support note taking in its entirety, a profound exploration of the activity itself is necessary. Thus, an enhanced note-taking solution must be carefully designed in order to preserve the quality of a paper notebook. Figure 1: Samples of notebooks with different form factors show various types of content and structuring strategies. In this paper, we explore some characteristics of note taking with paper notebooks that affect the design of combined paper and digital solutions. We then present an observation of note-taking habits and the related tools. Based on the
  • Objective 1. Explore some characteristics of note taking with paper notebooks  2. Observe note-taking habits and the related tools. 3. Create paper notebook that provides the benefits of a digital note-taking system based on an online survey with a focus on the actual user requirements.
  • Digitizing notes MS OneNote, Tablet w/stylus input, Mackay’s A-Book, PapierCraft ... : Those systems cannot compete with the natural affordances of paper for taking notes : Paper Notebooks have a more complex structure and history
  • USER NOTEBOOK FIELD STUDY [micronote investigation] -12 people -contextual interview based on notebooks -articfact analysis of existing note taking devices Quality of Paper (light weight, easy annotation, creative) Structuring Notes (spatial dimensions, summary) Marking Notes (highlight, numbering) Re-using Notes (archiving, later retrieval) Sharing Notes (share and exchange)
  • NOTEBOOK DESIGN NiCEBook prototype -enhanced structuring and sharing functionality -dog-ears to mark entire pages in the notebook. -retrieving a fast overview of assigned tags on a page.
  • NOTEBOOK DESIGN Figure 2: Categories that are used by professionals and students for structuring notes. Based on the results of our survey, we used the categories ToDo, Contact, Memo, Date and Idea in our notebook design. The category items are placed at the bottom of each can be che the assign of the ca through th tagging i provides t clearly vis Topics In addition under a to titles or w user on d user can categories unique e correspon CHI 2010: Writing in the Real World Categories -using pre-defined categories -ToDo is the most common category, followed by Date and Memo.
  • NOTEBOOK DESIGN Figure 2: Categories that are used by professionals and students for structuring notes. Based on the results of our survey, we used the categories ToDo, Contact, Memo, Date and Idea in our notebook design. The category items are placed at the bottom of each page (cf. Figure 3 (left)). Figure 3: The NiCEBook design. Five checkboxes at the bottom of each page allow tagging notes with categories (left). An extendable sidebar offers space for defining topics (right). To assign a category to a note, the user selects the appropriate checkbox and then defines the area on the page that should be included (cf. Figure 4). In addition to pre-defined categories, notes can be class under a topic. Topics are user defined terms like pr titles or work packages. Since the topics are created b user on demand, we designed empty text areas where user can create new topics. Unlike the pre-de categories that exist on each page, topics are placed unique expandable page (cf. Figure 3 (right)). corresponding checkboxes for the topics again exist on page. Figure 5: The number of entries from our online surve concerning the amount of topics that are used in a notebo The number of possible topics that can be defined again derived from the results of our online survey. asked for the amount of different topics that were us managed in a notebook. Figure 5 shows that the frequently amount of topics used in a notebook ra between 1 and 10. Based on that result, we decided to 10 topics in the notebook that can be defined by the us our notebook. In order to create a topic, the title is wr in an empty textbox of the expandable sidebar. checkbox that is horizontally aligned with the topic on Figure 2: Categories that are used by professionals and students for structuring notes. Based on the results of our survey, we used the categories ToDo, Contact, Memo, Date and Idea in our notebook design. The category items are placed at the bottom of each page (cf. Figure 3 (left)). Figure 3: The NiCEBook design. Five checkboxes at the bottom of each page allow tagging notes with categories (left). An extendable sidebar offers space for defining topics (right). To assign a category to a note, the user selects the appropriate checkbox and then defines the area on the page that should be included (cf. Figure 4). Figure 4: Categories are assigned by ticking the according checkbox (left), followed by the selection of two corners of the region (right). When ticking a checkbox, the pen is shortly vibrating as a feedback to signal that the action has been recognized.
  • NOTEBOOK DESIGN Topics -designed empty text areas where the user can create new topics es k h . . e e can be checked with visible marks so that each page shows the assigned categories. This helps to gain a fast overview of the categories assigned on a page when browsing through the notebook. We note that the degree of visible tagging information can be defined by the user; this provides the maximum flexibility, ranging from invisible to clearly visible marks on the page. Topics In addition to pre-defined categories, notes can be classified under a topic. Topics are user defined terms like project titles or work packages. Since the topics are created by the user on demand, we designed empty text areas where the user can create new topics. Unlike the pre-defined categories that exist on each page, topics are placed on a unique expandable page (cf. Figure 3 (right)). The corresponding checkboxes for the topics again exist on each page. Figure 5: The number of entries from our online survey concerning the amount of topics that are used in a notebook. The number of possible topics that can be defined were again derived from the results of our online survey. We asked for the amount of different topics that were usually Figure 2: Categories that are used by professionals and students for structuring notes. Based on the results of our survey, we used the categories ToDo, Contact, Memo, Date and Idea in our notebook design. The category items are placed at the bottom of each page (cf. Figure 3 (left)). Figure 3: The NiCEBook design. Five checkboxes at the bottom of each page allow tagging notes with categories (left). An extendable sidebar offers space for defining topics (right). To assign a category to a note, the user selects the appropriate checkbox and then defines the area on the page that should be included (cf. Figure 4). the assigned catego of the categories through the notebo tagging informatio provides the maxim clearly visible mark Topics In addition to pre-d under a topic. Top titles or work packa user on demand, w user can create categories that exis unique expandable corresponding chec page. Figure 5: The nu concerning the amo The number of po again derived from asked for the amou
  • NOTEBOOK DESIGN Dog Ears -marking,searching pages in books -simplicity of creating and removing Moreover, dog-ears assist the searching for pages since the physical modification of the dog-eared corner provides haptic feedback when browsing through the pages of the notebook. (a) (b) (c) Figure 6: Creating a dog-ear by folding the page’s corner (a). Registering the dog-ear (b) and deleting a dog-ear by unfolding and cancelling (c). To create a dog-ear in our notebook, the corner of a page is folded like depicted in Figure 6 (a). The digital registration of the dog-ear is done by stroking over the folded dog-ear. The two different page IDs that are captured during the dragging action over the dog-ear allow to identify the page function allows searching for keywords in the digitized notes. Finally, we developed a basic interface that allows transferring notes to external applications so that they can be reused in different programs. Notebook Views One of the main advantages of a digital notebook is the possibility to provide different views on the content. For example, with conventional book bound notebooks it is impossible to spread out the pages to gain a fast overview. With the digital notes however, all pages can be easily shown simultaneously. Moreover, features like zooming into pages make use of the digital capabilities. Our current prototype application provides four different views including an overview of all pages, a category based view, a selection of all dog-eared pages and a view of a single note from the notebook. Page Overview The overview shows all pages that contain notes in spread visualization with a zoom slider that allows adjusting the level of detail. If notes on a page are tagged with categories or topics, these are shown on top of each page. As Figure 7 CHI 2010: Writing in the Real World April 10–15, 2010, Atlanta, GA, USA Figure 8: Parts of already tagged notes can be tagged again with a different category or topic. This allows assigning notes to multiple tags. Dog-Ear View The dog-ear visualization summarizes all pages that are tagged with a folded corner (cf. Figure 9). Dog-ear marked pages are also labeled in the page overview with a digital dog-ear. Figure 9: Digital dog-ears mark pages that have been dog- eared in the notebook. The cancellation of physical dog-ears in the notebook consequently deletes the digital dog-ears. Therefore, the related page is removed from the dog-ear view collection and the folded-corner is erased in the page overview. Searching Notes
  • NOTEBOOK DESIGN Notebook views . is n r. he ge r, is al he re ws o be es m he e. he g he h n m d s. into pages make use of the digital capabilities. Our current prototype application provides four different views including an overview of all pages, a category based view, a selection of all dog-eared pages and a view of a single note from the notebook. Page Overview The overview shows all pages that contain notes in spread visualization with a zoom slider that allows adjusting the level of detail. If notes on a page are tagged with categories or topics, these are shown on top of each page. As Figure 7 depicts, tagged notes are additionally highlighted with different colors for each category once the view is zoomed to a certain detail level. Figure 7: Depending on the zoom level, tags are either shown in list style on top of the page only (left), or with additional feedback showing the tagged areas (right). Category/Topic View In the category/topic view, notes are collected according to their tags. This filter shows an accumulation of notes considering a specific tag. Like with the physical notebook, the five categories (ToDo, Contact, Memo, Date, Idea) can Figure 8: Parts of already tagged notes can be tagged again with a different category or topic. This allows assigning notes to multiple tags. Dog-Ear View The dog-ear visualization summarizes all pages that are tagged with a folded corner (cf. Figure 9). Dog-ear marked pages are also labeled in the page overview with a digital dog-ear. CHI 2010: Writing in the Real World
  • Evaluation 12 participants Carry out 6 note-taking tasks (creation of shopping-list, to-do list, sketch, tagging..) participants tagged all notes in the notebook correctly throughout all tasks. In case of the NiCEBook, on average 5.0 (SD=1.41) out of 6 tags have been recognized correctly and on average 4.17 (SD=2.29) out of 6 notes have been selected correctly. With ioTags, on average 4.0 (SD=1.21) out of 6 tags have been recognized correctly and on average 2.42 (SD=1.62) out of 6 notes have been selected correctly. In both cases the differences in error rates are significant and in favor of the NiCEBook (t(11)=2.10, p <0.05 and t(11)=2.47, p<0.05, respectively). Figure 10 depicts the number of correctly recognized notes for each task. Analysis on task level revealed that the selection of notes with the ioTags was particularly error-prone in cases where multiple items in a list had to be tagged or where notes were more complex as in the case of an annotated sketch. In these cases only 30% of the selections were made correctly with the ioTags. Figure 10: With the NiCEBook, a significantly larger number of notes from each user per task were correctly recognized than with the ioTags. All in all, participants assessed both techniques as easy to use. While all participants rated both the selection of a category and the selection of the corresponding note as F s T th o n is o I a e N n p f w p m ta a h C W n o r ta d a r I
  • Conclusion + Brilliant prototyping that combines the analogue quality of note-taking on paper with the digital capabilities of structuring and reusing http://youtu.be/RFTTbOb_aWQ