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English idioms

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Idioms in the English Language.

Idioms in the English Language.

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  • 1. EnglishEnglish IdiomsIdioms
  • 2. What do idioms mean?  Idioms are fun and useful expressions that usually can't be understood by defining the separate words.  Idioms need to be memorized as a whole.
  • 3. EXAMPLE If your mother says, 'I think it's time to hit the hay', she means it's a bed-time!
  • 4.  Most idioms come from ancient literature or even classic films.  Many idioms originated as quotations from well-known writers such as Shakespeare.  Learning the backgrounds of idioms can help you to remember them. The Origin of IdiomsThe Origin of Idioms
  • 5. ➲Idioms should be used in proper situations. They enrich our speech and increase our vocabulary. ➲The grammar and the vocabulary of the idioms are fixed, and if we change them, we lose the meaning of the idiom.
  • 6.  In different languages we can meet the same idioms. SoIn different languages we can meet the same idioms. So Russians and Estonians say 'a drop in the sea'.Russians and Estonians say 'a drop in the sea'.  Some idioms may be used in a slightly different form inSome idioms may be used in a slightly different form in different varieties of English.different varieties of English.  Thus the idiom 'a drop in the ocean' in British andThus the idiom 'a drop in the ocean' in British and Australian English becomes 'a drop in the bucket' inAustralian English becomes 'a drop in the bucket' in American EnglishAmerican English.
  • 7. English IdiomsEnglish Idioms cheesy = silly  I love reading cheesy books because I don't have to think.
  • 8. full of beans = have a lot of silly energy  The girl was full of beans on the beach.
  • 9. keep one's head above water = have just enough money to live  It's hard to keep my head above water with all of these medical bills.
  • 10.  down to earth = natural or real Lucy is really down to earth for a woman with so much money.  out of the woods = clear of danger The doctor said my heart is doing better, but I'm not out of the woods yet.  wear the trousers = be in charge, make the rules By the look of things, the kids wear the trousers in this household.  break a leg! – good luck! (to speak about sport) Today's the big game. Break a leg!  have the blues = be depressed or sad I always have the blues during the winter time.
  • 11. catch red handed = catch someone in the act of doing something wrong or illegal  The girl was caught red handed stealing biscuits.
  • 12. face the music = stand up to a pleasant consequences  I stayed out all night. When I eventually got home I had to face the music from my parents.
  • 13. Check how you understand English idioms!Check how you understand English idioms! 1. It's raining cats and dogs, so a) take an umbrella. b) keep your pets aside. c) watch out for falling animals.
  • 14. 2. When I heard the poem, some of the lines rang a bell and a) sounded very beautiful. b) I thought I'd heard it somewhere before. c) some of them beat a drum.
  • 15. 3. During3. During the dogthe dog days in summerdays in summer a) I have some problems with my boss. b) I wear light clothes because it's very hot. c) people are allowed to come to the beach with their dogs.
  • 16. 4. Helen is only4. Helen is only aa fair-weatherfair-weather friendfriend. That's why. That's why a) we got out only when the weather is fine. b) she is the person who I can trust. c) I can't rely on her in difficult situations.
  • 17. 5. Mike and Kate decided to tie the knot because a) it had become undone. b) they loved one other. c) they needed to save money.
  • 18. 6. I've dotted the i's and crossed the t's, so there a) shouldn't be any mistakes. b) will be a few mistakes. c) will be lots of mistakes.
  • 19. 7. If you address to7. If you address to aa big cheesebig cheese, you, you shouldshould a) speak to him as if he is a VIP. b) ask him what sort of cheese he likes. c) advice the person to do sport in order to lose weight.
  • 20. 8. I was feeling under the weather, so a) I took my umbrella with. b) next time I should listen to weather forecast. c) I went back to bed.
  • 21. 9. If someone is pulling my leg it means that a) he's massaging it. b) we are doing gymnastics. c) he's joking.
  • 22. answers: 1. a) 2. b) 3. b) 4. c) 5. b) 6. a) 7. a) 8. c) 9. c)
  • 23. Sources of Information:Sources of Information:  http://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/idioms.htm  www.google.com/images  www.yandex.ru  http://www.afrikenji.com/pupleg.jpg  http://www.austin360.com/shared- gen/blogs/austin/outandabout/media/cheese.jpg  http://www.cartoonstock.com/newscartoons/cartoonists/mgt/lowres/mgtn221l.jpg  http://doryandfillet.wordpress.com/category/illustrated-fancies/page/2/  http://photofile.ru/users/seneka/580202/11940799/  http://www.rowox.com/Images/Idioms/images/under_the_weather.gif  http://www.snoa.co.uk/images/Full%20of%20Beans.jpg  http://teacherweb.com/NY/Arlington/MsSandwick/idioms.gif

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