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English idioms

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Idioms in the English Language.

Idioms in the English Language.

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English idioms English idioms Presentation Transcript

  • English Idioms
  • What do idioms mean?
      • Idioms are fun and useful expressions that usually can't be understood by defining the separate words.
      • Idioms need to be memorized as a whole.
  • EXAMPLE
    • If your mother says, 'I think it's time to hit the hay ', she means it's a bed-time!
    • Most idioms come from ancient literature or even classic films.
    • Many idioms originated as quotations from well-known writers such as Shakespeare.
    • Learning the backgrounds of idioms can help you to remember them.
    The Origin of Idioms
    • Idioms should be used in proper situations. They enrich our speech and increase our vocabulary.
    • The grammar and the vocabulary of the idioms are fixed, and if we change them, we lose the meaning of the idiom.
    • In different languages we can meet the same idioms. So Russians and Estonians say 'a drop in the sea'.
    • Some idioms may be used in a slightly different form in different varieties of English.
    • Thus the idiom 'a drop in the ocean' in British and Australian English becomes 'a drop in the bucket' in American English .
  • English Idioms
    • cheesy = silly
    • I love reading cheesy books because I don't have to think.
  • full of beans = have a lot of silly energy
    • The girl was full of beans on the beach.
  • keep one's head above water = have just enough money to live
    • It's hard to keep my head above water with all of these medical bills.
    • down to earth = natural or real
    • Lucy is really down to earth for a woman with so much money.
    • out of the woods = clear of danger
    • The doctor said my heart is doing better, but I'm not out of the woods yet.
    • wear the trousers = be in charge, make the rules
    • By the look of things, the kids wear the trousers in this household.
    • break a leg! – good luck! (to speak about sport) ‏
    • Today's the big game. Break a leg!
    • have the blues = be depressed or sad
    • I always have the blues during the winter time.
  • catch red handed = catch someone in the act of doing something wrong or illegal
    • The girl was caught red handed stealing biscuits.
  • face the music = stand up to a pleasant consequences
    • I stayed out all night. When I eventually got home I had to face the music from my parents.
  • Check how you understand English idioms!
    • 1. It's raining cats and dogs , so
      • a) take an umbrella.
      • b) keep your pets aside.
      • c) watch out for falling animals.
    • 2. When I heard the poem, some of the lines rang a bell and
      • a) sounded very beautiful.
      • b) I thought I'd heard it somewhere before.
      • c) some of them beat a drum.
    • 3. During the dog days in summer
      • a) I have some problems with my boss.
      • b) I wear light clothes because it's very hot.
      • c) people are allowed to come to the beach with their dogs.
    • 4. Helen is only a fair-weather friend . That's why
      • a) we got out only when the weather is fine.
      • b) she is the person who I can trust.
      • c) I can't rely on her in difficult situations.
    • 5. Mike and Kate decided to tie the knot because
      • a) it had become undone.
      • b) they loved one other.
      • c) they needed to save money.
    • 6. I've dotted the i's and crossed the t's, so there
      • a) shouldn't be any mistakes.
      • b) will be a few mistakes.
      • c) will be lots of mistakes.
    • 7. If you address to a big cheese , you should
      • a) speak to him as if he is a VIP.
      • b) ask him what sort of cheese he likes.
      • c) advice the person to do sport in order to lose weight.
    • 8. I was feeling under the weather , so
      • a) I took my umbrella with.
      • b) next time I should listen to weather forecast.
      • c) I went back to bed.
    • 9. If someone is pulling my leg it means that
      • a) he's massaging it.
      • b) we are doing gymnastics.
      • c) he's joking.
  • answers:
    • a)‏
    • b)‏
    • b)‏
    • c)‏
    • b)‏
    • a)‏
    • a)‏
    • c)‏
    • c)‏
  • Sources of Information:
    • http://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/idioms.htm
    • www.google.com/images
    • www.yandex.ru
    • http://www.afrikenji.com/pupleg.jpg
    • http://www.austin360.com/shared-gen/blogs/austin/outandabout/media/cheese.jpg
    • http://www.cartoonstock.com/newscartoons/cartoonists/mgt/lowres/mgtn221l.jpg
    • http://doryandfillet.wordpress.com/category/illustrated-fancies/page/2/
    • http://photofile.ru/users/seneka/580202/11940799/
    • http://www.rowox.com/Images/Idioms/images/under_the_weather.gif
    • http://www.snoa.co.uk/images/Full%20of%20Beans.jpg
    • http://teacherweb.com/NY/Arlington/MsSandwick/idioms.gif