Plan  Review   Chapter 5
Objectives <ul><li>Upon completion of this chapter, you will be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the reasons constructio...
Objectives (cont’d.) <ul><li>List five potential site plan items for review </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the benefits of fire...
The Importance of Plan Review <ul><li>Public officials sometimes point fingers after a tragic incident </li></ul><ul><li>F...
Plan Issues of Interest to the Fire Service <ul><li>Significant potential operational impact in emergencies </li></ul><ul>...
Site  Plan  Issues <ul><li>Approval: first step in the regulatory process, may be part of a rezoning </li></ul><ul><li>Typ...
Building  Plan  Issues <ul><li>Many fire departments review plans for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural fire protection an...
Fire Protection System Plan Issues <ul><li>Fire department input specially valuable in review and approval of </li></ul><u...
Resistance to Fire Department Plan Review <ul><li>Possible opposers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design professionals </li></ul>...
Resistance from Design Professionals and Developers <ul><li>Care must be taken to streamline the plan review process </li>...
FIGURE 5-4 Publishing concise plan review guidelines allays developer fears of “additional” or unnecessary requirements. (...
Resistance from the Building Official <ul><li>Building official should see fire department as an ally, not an adversary </...
Skills, Knowledge, and Ability for Plan Reviewers <ul><li>Job in fire prevention bureau </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skills/demea...
Certification <ul><li>Testing and recertification : International  Code  Council </li></ul><ul><li>National Institute for ...
FIGURE 5-5
Summary <ul><li>Fire department involvement in plan approval process: significant potential </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extends ...
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Chapter 5

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Chapter 5

  1. 1. Plan Review Chapter 5
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Upon completion of this chapter, you will be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the reasons construction plans are reviewed before construction </li></ul><ul><li>List the types of plans that fire departments typically review </li></ul>
  3. 3. Objectives (cont’d.) <ul><li>List five potential site plan items for review </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the benefits of fire department involvement in plan review for the business community </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Importance of Plan Review <ul><li>Public officials sometimes point fingers after a tragic incident </li></ul><ul><li>Fire departments are being included in plan review schemes of many jurisdictions </li></ul><ul><li>Primary purpose: verify proposed structure complies with code before work begins </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewers cannot anticipate every condition/contingency </li></ul>
  5. 5. Plan Issues of Interest to the Fire Service <ul><li>Significant potential operational impact in emergencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire department access roadways to structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locations of fire department connections, hydrants, and fire command centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to building services and control features for fire protection systems </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Site Plan Issues <ul><li>Approval: first step in the regulatory process, may be part of a rezoning </li></ul><ul><li>Typical items: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building construction type and location </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire department vehicle access issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire protection systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire flow requirements </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Building Plan Issues <ul><li>Many fire departments review plans for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural fire protection and separation or fire protection ratings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency egress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire protection systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plan reviewer with fire operations in-depth knowledge/experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complement review by building official’s staff </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Fire Protection System Plan Issues <ul><li>Fire department input specially valuable in review and approval of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sprinkler, fire alarm, smoke control, and other fire protection systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fire operations personnel become the end users </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Resistance to Fire Department Plan Review <ul><li>Possible opposers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design professionals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contractors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected officials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire chief </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many valid issues must be addressed before fire department becomes involved </li></ul>
  10. 10. Resistance from Design Professionals and Developers <ul><li>Care must be taken to streamline the plan review process </li></ul><ul><li>Formal plan review procedures/guidelines available for download </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Help allay fears that fire department will make unrealistic demands </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. FIGURE 5-4 Publishing concise plan review guidelines allays developer fears of “additional” or unnecessary requirements. (Courtesy of the Fairfax County Fire and Rescue Department.)
  12. 12. Resistance from the Building Official <ul><li>Building official should see fire department as an ally, not an adversary </li></ul><ul><li>Fire department plan review office at physical location of building department </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Save considerable time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve communication among agencies </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Skills, Knowledge, and Ability for Plan Reviewers <ul><li>Job in fire prevention bureau </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skills/demeanor not necessarily match those looked for in firefighters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some departments hire engineers as plan review staff </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In-depth training on fire department operational objectives and needs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Firefighters may serve admirably as plan review staff </li></ul>
  14. 14. Certification <ul><li>Testing and recertification : International Code Council </li></ul><ul><li>National Institute for Certification in Engineering Technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Required by many state/local governments to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Design, repair, perform maintenance, or inspect fire protection systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gold standard when hiring technicians </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. FIGURE 5-5
  16. 16. Summary <ul><li>Fire department involvement in plan approval process: significant potential </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extends over years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Early stages problems resolved by fire department expertise in the review of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire department access roadways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural fire protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Means of egress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific hazards </li></ul></ul>
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