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Chapter 12

Chapter 12






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    Chapter 12 Chapter 12 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 12 A Basic Approach to ISO Duties
    • Objectives
      • List two methods to achieve a systematic approach to ISO duties
      • List several advantages and disadvantages of using checklists, as well as four design considerations when creating them
      • Describe the differences between linear and cyclic thinking
    • Objectives (con’t.)
      • List the four components of the ISO Action Model
      • Describe the four steps that help an ISO become integrated into an incident
      • List the three ISO general duties applicable to all incident types
      • List the four personal safety systems that the ISO needs to evaluate
    • Getting Started Issues
      • Biggest issue for ISOs
        • Prioritization of necessary physical and mental functions
      • The ISO must be:
        • Reactive to the needs of the incident commander
        • Proactive in the prevention of injuries to firefighters
    • Getting Started Issues (con’t.)
      • ISOs can find it difficult to develop a starting place for addressing required functions
      • Two most common approaches to addressing ISO incident duties
        • Checklists
        • Action models
    • Getting Started Issues (con’t.)
      • Qualities of good ISO checklists and action models
        • Flexibility
        • Cyclicity
        • Proactive orientation
        • Reactive orientation
        • Archive friendliness
    • Checklists
      • Benefits
        • Provide a quick reminder
        • Help you get back on track when distracted
        • Lend themselves to uniformity
        • Archiving is relatively simple
        • Changing checklist is relatively simple within fire department framework
        • Most formats are easy to understand
    • Checklists (con’t.)
      • Disadvantages
        • No one right way to perform ISO functions
        • Tendency to be overly simple or complex
        • Once an item is checked off, the ISO may forget to revisit it
        • Must have many checklists to cover a multitude of incident types
        • Imply an order for task completion
        • May be subject to subpoena in legal matters
    • Checklists (con’t.)
      • Design considerations for checklists
        • Formatted in simple columns
        • Easy to read in low light
        • Room for notes, diagrams, grease pencils, and water-resistant markers
        • Easy to differentiate from other similar ones
        • Reminder area for required postincident action
    • Action Models
      • Template that outlines a mental or physical process to be followed
      • Biggest advantage
        • Furnishes a template in which to process multiple events
      • A good action model
        • Reminds ISOs to be cyclic in their thinking
    • Action Models (con’t.)
      • Linear thinking
        • Defined starting point and ending point
        • Necessary for IC
      • Cyclic thinking
        • Recurring evaluation of multiple inputs
        • Maintain a high degree of situational awareness
        • Necessary for ISO
    • Action Models (con’t.)
      • The ISO Action Model
        • Cyclic four-arena model
        • Allows ISO to mentally process the surveying and monitoring functions of typical incident activities and concerns
        • Does not imply a starting place or direction of flow
        • Four general arenas: the four Rs
    • Figure 12-1 Any of the Action Model components can cause the ISO to take action. Any action, however, leads the ISO to report to the incident commander.
    • Action Models (con’t.)
      • The ISO Action Model (con’t.)
        • Resources
          • Time
          • Personnel
          • Equipment
        • Reconnaissance
          • Exploratory examination of the incident scene environment and operations
    • Action Models (con’t.)
      • The ISO Action Model (con’t.)
        • Risk: is it acceptable?
        • Report
          • Timely appropriate communications
          • Written reports
          • Safety briefings
          • Review of incident action plans
    • The ISO Arrival Process
      • Steps for ISO integration upon arrival
        • Confirm ISO assignment
        • Collect information
          • IAP
          • Status of situation and resources
        • Confirm communication links
          • Radio channels, face-to-face
        • Don appropriate identification and PPE
    • General ISO Duties
      • Monitor the incident
        • Incident action plan, conditions, activities and operations should fall within risk management criteria
        • Perform repeated recon to judge the effectiveness of the incident action plan
          • Failure to adjust the incident action plan cited as a contributing factor in many firefighter fatality investigations
    • General ISO Duties (con’t.)
      • Address personnel safety systems
        • Personnel accountability systems
          • Watch for freelancing
        • Need for control zones
          • Identified and communicated to all members
        • Radio transmissions
        • Rehab effectiveness
          • Make sure it is functioning and effective
    • Figure 12-2 The solo firefighter presents the worst and potentially most dangerous form of freelancing.
    • Figure 12-3 Rehab efforts should also include provisions for quick medical checks of working firefighters.
    • General ISO Duties (con’t.)
      • Define other needs
        • Evaluate motor vehicle scene traffic hazards and apparatus placement
        • Survey landing zone and interface with helicopters
        • Communicate to IC the need for ASOs due to the need, size, complexity, or duration of the incident
    • Figure 12-4 The ISO should evaluate the helicopter LZ to ensure that personnel will not be endangered if a mishap were to occur.
    • Summary
      • ISO assignment can be overwhelming due to the multitude of issues
      • Two most systematic approached to ISO functions
        • Checklists
        • Action models
    • Summary (con’t.)
      • ISO Action Model
        • Encourages cyclic thinking
        • Four component areas
          • Resources
          • Risk
          • Reconnaissance
          • Report
    • Summary (con’t.)
      • Upon arrival at an incident, the ISO gets dialed in with the following steps:
        • Confirm ISO assignment
        • Collect incident information
        • Confirm communication links
        • Don appropriate PPE and position identification
    • Summary (con’t.)
      • ISO general duties
        • Monitoring risks and operational outcomes
        • Addressing personal safety systems
        • Radio transmissions
        • Rehab
        • Defining other needs
          • Examples: traffic issues, ASO assistance