Chapter 3 Guiding Regulations, Codes, Laws, Standards, and Procedures
Objectives <ul><li>Explain the motivation for the development of guiding publications </li></ul><ul><li>List the significa...
Introduction <ul><li>Guiding publications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulations, codes, laws, standards, and procedures </li><...
Players Figure 3-1   Significant fire service “players.”
Players (con’t.) <ul><li>National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul...
Players (con’t.) <ul><li>Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enacts Code of Federal...
Players (con’t.) <ul><li>National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilizes firef...
Players (con’t.) <ul><li>Department of Homeland Security (DHS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created to better prepare, defend, an...
Players (con’t.) <ul><li>Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps prevent, respond, and recover f...
Players (con’t.) <ul><li>National Institute of Standards and Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nonregulatory </li></ul></ul...
Players (con’t.) <ul><li>Other players </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International Association of Firefighters (IAFF) </li></ul></...
Defining the Guiding Publications <ul><li>Regulations  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outline details and procedures that have the ...
Defining the Guiding Publications (con’t.) <ul><li>Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can apply to any set of rules, procedur...
Defining the Guiding Publications (con’t.) <ul><li>Laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforceable rules of conduct that help prote...
Defining the Guiding Publications (con’t.) <ul><li>Guides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Offer procedures, directions, or standard ...
Publications That Affect the ISO <ul><li>NFPA 1500, Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program </l...
Figure 3-2   NFPA 1500, Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program, 2007 Edition.
Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.) <ul><li>NFPA 1521, Fire Department Safety Officer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defines ...
Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.) <ul><li>NFPA 1521 (con’t.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses specific functions of...
Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.) <ul><li>OSHA Title 29 CFR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific to public sector member...
Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.) <ul><li>NIOSH Publication 2004-144, Protecting Emergency Responders, Volume 3 </...
Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.) <ul><li>NIOSH Alert, Preventing Injuries and Deaths of Firefighters due to Truss...
Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.) <ul><li>NIST Special Publication SP-1021, Cook County Administration Building Fi...
Summary <ul><li>Most guiding publications are developed following a catastrophic event or disturbing injury or death </li>...
Summary (con’t.) <ul><li>ISOs must  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand the definition and intent of: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
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Chapter 03

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Chapter 03

  1. 1. Chapter 3 Guiding Regulations, Codes, Laws, Standards, and Procedures
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Explain the motivation for the development of guiding publications </li></ul><ul><li>List the significant players and their roles in developing guiding publications </li></ul><ul><li>Define the differences between regulations, codes, laws, and guides </li></ul><ul><li>List significant publications that can impact the incident safety officer </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Guiding publications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulations, codes, laws, standards, and procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools to help ISOs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep firefighters safe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid litigation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most written as a result of a tragic event </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Basis for preventing similar tragedies from occurring </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Players Figure 3-1 Significant fire service “players.”
  5. 5. Players (con’t.) <ul><li>National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Help define what is “acceptable” for fire department equipment, procedures, and professional qualifications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recommended Practices : suggestions or options </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Codes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Designed to be adopted as law by an authority having jurisdiction to do so </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Players (con’t.) <ul><li>Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enacts Code of Federal Regulations (CFRs) to improve workplace safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not all CFRs are enforceable for public sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual states adopt OSHA-approved state plans </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Players (con’t.) <ul><li>National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilizes firefighter fatality investigations to help others prevent similar occurrences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Investigative reports at www.cdc.gov/niosh/face/inhouse.html </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can recommend adjustment or creation of CFRs to OSHA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publishes guides for specific hazards </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Players (con’t.) <ul><li>Department of Homeland Security (DHS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created to better prepare, defend, and respond to terrorist acts within the United States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed National Response Plan (NRP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administers the National Incident Management System (NIMS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes (Federal Emergency Management Association (FEMA) and United States Fire Association (USFA) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Players (con’t.) <ul><li>Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps prevent, respond, and recover from hazmat incidents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Issues regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offers support for hazmat training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manages superfund monies for cleanup and hazmat training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires states to follow EPA regulations </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Players (con’t.) <ul><li>National Institute of Standards and Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nonregulatory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotes innovation and industrial competitiveness through advancements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes the Building and Fire Research Laboratory (BFRL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resource center for fire- and building-related subjects </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Players (con’t.) <ul><li>Other players </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International Association of Firefighters (IAFF) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Volunteer Fire Council (NVFC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Department Safety Officers Association (FDSOA) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Defining the Guiding Publications <ul><li>Regulations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outline details and procedures that have the force of law issued by an executive governmental authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: OSHA CFRs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Codes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work of law established or adopted by a rule-making authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Uniform Fire Code </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Defining the Guiding Publications (con’t.) <ul><li>Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can apply to any set of rules, procedures, or professional measurements set by an authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be adopted by an authority with the legal responsibility to enact the standard as law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: NFPA standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Formal consensus approach is used </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Defining the Guiding Publications (con’t.) <ul><li>Laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforceable rules of conduct that help protect a society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statutory law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deals with civil and criminal matters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Case law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Refers to a precedent established over time through the judicial process </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Defining the Guiding Publications (con’t.) <ul><li>Guides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Offer procedures, directions, or standard of care as a reasonable means to address a condition or situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not have impact of law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can be used as evidence in negligent cases to provide evidence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alerts: form of guide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Issued in response to a disturbing trend of injuries or deaths by a specific cause </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Publications That Affect the ISO <ul><li>NFPA 1500, Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ties together many other NFPA standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Covers professional qualifications, protective equipment, tools, apparatus, incident management, and training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 8, Emergency Operations, is of particular interest to ISOs </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Figure 3-2 NFPA 1500, Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program, 2007 Edition.
  18. 18. Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.) <ul><li>NFPA 1521, Fire Department Safety Officer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defines types of safety officers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health and safety officer (HSO) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Incident safety officer (ISO) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assistant incident safety officer (ASO) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defines assignment, authorities, and qualifications of each role </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NFPA may create an additional Pro-Qual document for safety officers in the future </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.) <ul><li>NFPA 1521 (con’t.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses specific functions of ISO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Incident management system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>General incident safety </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fire suppression </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency medical service operations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hazardous materials </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Special operations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Postincident responsibilities </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.) <ul><li>OSHA Title 29 CFR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific to public sector members who </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Engage in rescues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have exposure to environments that are immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasizes need for site safety plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For operations involving hazmats, confined spaces, trenches, and hazardous energy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has numerous subtitles </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.) <ul><li>NIOSH Publication 2004-144, Protecting Emergency Responders, Volume 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps ISO understand safety issues in all types of disasterlike incidents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 7 serves as a template for an integrated incident-wide safety management approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Available at www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2004-144 </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.) <ul><li>NIOSH Alert, Preventing Injuries and Deaths of Firefighters due to Truss System Failures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cites case studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides recommendations from noted fire service leaders on proactive strategies and tactics for fires in truss buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A must-read for all ISOs and fire officers! </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.) <ul><li>NIST Special Publication SP-1021, Cook County Administration Building Fire, October 17, 2003 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DVD summarizing numerous heat release experiments for analyzing Cook County fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should be mandatory training for all ISOs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Useful information on rapid fire and smoke spread </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shows actual and simulated fire dynamics </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Summary <ul><li>Most guiding publications are developed following a catastrophic event or disturbing injury or death </li></ul><ul><li>Key players in guiding publications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NFPA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OSHA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NIOSH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DHS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Summary (con’t.) <ul><li>ISOs must </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand the definition and intent of: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regulations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Codes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Laws </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guides </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use publications to perform their functions and help prevent injury and death </li></ul></ul>
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