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Chapter 03
 

Chapter 03

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    Chapter 03 Chapter 03 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 3 Guiding Regulations, Codes, Laws, Standards, and Procedures
    • Objectives
      • Explain the motivation for the development of guiding publications
      • List the significant players and their roles in developing guiding publications
      • Define the differences between regulations, codes, laws, and guides
      • List significant publications that can impact the incident safety officer
    • Introduction
      • Guiding publications
        • Regulations, codes, laws, standards, and procedures
        • Tools to help ISOs
          • Keep firefighters safe
          • Avoid litigation
        • Most written as a result of a tragic event
          • Basis for preventing similar tragedies from occurring
    • Players Figure 3-1 Significant fire service “players.”
    • Players (con’t.)
      • National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA)
        • Standards
          • Help define what is “acceptable” for fire department equipment, procedures, and professional qualifications
        • Guides
          • Recommended Practices : suggestions or options
        • Codes
          • Designed to be adopted as law by an authority having jurisdiction to do so
    • Players (con’t.)
      • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
        • Enacts Code of Federal Regulations (CFRs) to improve workplace safety
        • Not all CFRs are enforceable for public sector
        • Individual states adopt OSHA-approved state plans
    • Players (con’t.)
      • National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
        • Utilizes firefighter fatality investigations to help others prevent similar occurrences
          • Investigative reports at www.cdc.gov/niosh/face/inhouse.html
        • Can recommend adjustment or creation of CFRs to OSHA
        • Publishes guides for specific hazards
    • Players (con’t.)
      • Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
        • Created to better prepare, defend, and respond to terrorist acts within the United States
        • Developed National Response Plan (NRP)
        • Administers the National Incident Management System (NIMS)
        • Includes (Federal Emergency Management Association (FEMA) and United States Fire Association (USFA)
    • Players (con’t.)
      • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
        • Helps prevent, respond, and recover from hazmat incidents
        • Issues regulations
        • Offers support for hazmat training
        • Manages superfund monies for cleanup and hazmat training
        • Requires states to follow EPA regulations
    • Players (con’t.)
      • National Institute of Standards and Technology
        • Nonregulatory
        • Promotes innovation and industrial competitiveness through advancements
        • Includes the Building and Fire Research Laboratory (BFRL)
          • Resource center for fire- and building-related subjects
    • Players (con’t.)
      • Other players
        • International Association of Firefighters (IAFF)
        • International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC)
        • National Volunteer Fire Council (NVFC)
        • Fire Department Safety Officers Association (FDSOA)
    • Defining the Guiding Publications
      • Regulations
        • Outline details and procedures that have the force of law issued by an executive governmental authority
        • Example: OSHA CFRs
      • Codes
        • Work of law established or adopted by a rule-making authority
        • Example: Uniform Fire Code
    • Defining the Guiding Publications (con’t.)
      • Standards
        • Can apply to any set of rules, procedures, or professional measurements set by an authority
        • Must be adopted by an authority with the legal responsibility to enact the standard as law
        • Example: NFPA standards
          • Formal consensus approach is used
    • Defining the Guiding Publications (con’t.)
      • Laws
        • Enforceable rules of conduct that help protect a society
        • Statutory law
          • Deals with civil and criminal matters
        • Case law
          • Refers to a precedent established over time through the judicial process
    • Defining the Guiding Publications (con’t.)
      • Guides
        • Offer procedures, directions, or standard of care as a reasonable means to address a condition or situation
        • Do not have impact of law
          • Can be used as evidence in negligent cases to provide evidence
        • Alerts: form of guide
          • Issued in response to a disturbing trend of injuries or deaths by a specific cause
    • Publications That Affect the ISO
      • NFPA 1500, Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program
        • Ties together many other NFPA standards
        • Covers professional qualifications, protective equipment, tools, apparatus, incident management, and training
        • Chapter 8, Emergency Operations, is of particular interest to ISOs
    • Figure 3-2 NFPA 1500, Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program, 2007 Edition.
    • Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.)
      • NFPA 1521, Fire Department Safety Officer
        • Defines types of safety officers
          • Health and safety officer (HSO)
          • Incident safety officer (ISO)
          • Assistant incident safety officer (ASO)
        • Defines assignment, authorities, and qualifications of each role
          • NFPA may create an additional Pro-Qual document for safety officers in the future
    • Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.)
      • NFPA 1521 (con’t.)
        • Addresses specific functions of ISO
          • Incident management system
          • General incident safety
          • Fire suppression
          • Emergency medical service operations
          • Hazardous materials
          • Special operations
          • Postincident responsibilities
    • Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.)
      • OSHA Title 29 CFR
        • Specific to public sector members who
          • Engage in rescues
          • Have exposure to environments that are immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH)
        • Emphasizes need for site safety plan
          • For operations involving hazmats, confined spaces, trenches, and hazardous energy
        • Has numerous subtitles
    • Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.)
      • NIOSH Publication 2004-144, Protecting Emergency Responders, Volume 3
        • Helps ISO understand safety issues in all types of disasterlike incidents
        • Chapter 7 serves as a template for an integrated incident-wide safety management approach
        • Available at www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2004-144
    • Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.)
      • NIOSH Alert, Preventing Injuries and Deaths of Firefighters due to Truss System Failures
        • Cites case studies
        • Provides recommendations from noted fire service leaders on proactive strategies and tactics for fires in truss buildings
        • A must-read for all ISOs and fire officers!
    • Publications That Affect the ISO (con’t.)
      • NIST Special Publication SP-1021, Cook County Administration Building Fire, October 17, 2003
        • DVD summarizing numerous heat release experiments for analyzing Cook County fire
        • Should be mandatory training for all ISOs
          • Useful information on rapid fire and smoke spread
          • Shows actual and simulated fire dynamics
    • Summary
      • Most guiding publications are developed following a catastrophic event or disturbing injury or death
      • Key players in guiding publications
        • NFPA
        • OSHA
        • NIOSH
        • DHS
        • EPA
    • Summary (con’t.)
      • ISOs must
        • Understand the definition and intent of:
          • Regulations
          • Codes
          • Standards
          • Laws
          • Guides
        • Use publications to perform their functions and help prevent injury and death