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Moocs

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  • 1. Massive Open Online Courses By Sweetness N Nkosi 14 February 2014
  • 2. introduction  MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) is a form of a distance education, with almost all of teaching and learning occurs online.  This program is designed to allow a number of students to participate effectively.
  • 3. History of MOOCs  The word MOOC was coined in 2008 by Dave Cormier from the University of Monitoba.  This format has been used a couple of times by George Siemens and Stephen Downes in their CCK( Connectivism and Connective knowledge course).  The early MOOCs were less about presenting content and more about connecting learners.
  • 4. Two types of MOOCs
  • 5. cMOOC  cMOOCs stands for Connectivist MOOC  cMOOCs are based on the concept of connectivism  They are typically developed and led by academics through open source web platform  They involves informal learning and focuses on knowledge creation and generation.
  • 6. xMOOC  xMOOC typically describes courses offered through the coursera/udacity/edX  The courses are structured around more conventional lecture formats  These courses involves formal learning and focuses on knowledge duplication.  While cMOOCs focuses on network building and collaboration xMOOC deals with organised group work.
  • 7. Advantages and disadvantages Advantages  Student can collaborate with their peers from different parts of the world.  They help people who have barriers to learning, such as lack of funding and un-accessible geographical location  most MOOCs are free  they are designed to be interactive. Disadvantages  They make it easy for students to drop out  MOOCs provides no active feedback due to the large number of students  Students need to be responsible for their own work because MOOCs provide self-directed learning  Its hard to facilitate a meaningful conversation.
  • 8. How have MOOCs developed  Currently, there is a total of eight courses(xMOOCs) including chemistry, computer science, electronics and public health  The popularity of MOOCs has attracted a great deal of attention from HE institutions and private investors around the world.  In January 2013, Udacity launched its first MOOCs-for- credit, in collaboration with San Jose State University  In September 2013, edX announced a partnership with Google to develop Open edX, which is an open source platform.
  • 9. The field of my interest on MOOCs  I'm mostly interested in languages and business studies MOOCs because that’s what I am going to teach  But looking at my background, my other interest will be Teaching computing  Teaching Computing:Part2 (future learn) is a MOOC that I think I will join  This two part course is for primary and secondary school teachers who are preparing to tackle the new computing curriculum
  • 10. Continuation of the last slide  I would like to take part on this MOOC because, as an upcoming teacher I want to learn more computer skills due to my background, I really want to change some of the township situation, where you find both teachers and learners are unable to use computer for teaching and learning.  The topics that I am willing to discuss include: How can the use of technology improve the teaching and leaning process  And how can we make the use of technology in the classroom interesting, to make it more effective.
  • 11. References Bliss C A,Hurley B, Yeager C.2013. cMOOCs and Global learning: An Authentic alternative. Volume17, issue2 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/massive_open_online_course http://adulted.about.com/od/Adult-Education-in-the- U.S./a/The-Pros-And-Cons-Of-Moocs.htm www.universitiesuk.ac.uk http://www.minglebox.com/article/moocs/advantages-and- disadvantages-of-moocs

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