Ganga polution

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Ganga polution

  1. 1. POLLUTION
  2. 2.  The GANGA is the most sacred river to Hindus and is also a lifeline to millions of INDIAN who live along its bank and depend on it for their daily need .  Ganga is a trans- boundary river of INDIA & Bangladesh.  The GANGA is longest river in INDIA.  They are 2,525 km river rise in western HIMALAYAS in INDIA and flow south and east through the Gangatic plain of north India into Bay of Bengal.  The Ganga basin is the most heavily populated river basin in the world, with over 400 million people and a population density of about 1000 inhabitant per square mile.
  3. 3.  According to Hindu mythology a ganga river have a great medicinal qualities.  A ganga river present a ideal biodiversity area . It have over then 140 fish species, 90 amphibian species and five area hitch support bird found nowhere else in the world.  Ganga river producing topes fertile soil in the world.  According to studies report by environmental engineers of IIT Roorkee , the ganga decomposed the organic waste 15 to 25 times faster then other river.  A Ganga river have a legendry medicinal qualities as compare to other HIMALAYA rivers'.  According to NBRI (National Botanical Research Institute) ganga water have a anti bacterial quality .  It found in research the E. COLI live only 3 days in Ganga water due to its bacteriophase quality's.
  4. 4. At the time the holy Ganga river become polluted. There are over 29 cites , 70 towns and thousands of villages along the GANGA bank.  The Ganga was ranked among the five most polluted river's of the world in 2007.  It is found in research's the FAECAL COLIFORM levels in the river near Varanasi more than 100 times then official Indian government limit. PRESENT STATE OF GANGA RIVER
  5. 5.  Industrial drains .  City drains.  Religion touristic activity.  Construction activities along the coast of this river.  Agriculture auto flow.  Domestic activities like those of washer men .  Cremation related ritual.  miscellaneous : like vehicular washing, dumping of solid west etc.
  6. 6.  According to data out of 146 industries are along the river ganga between Rishikesh and Prayagraj . In this 146 , 144 is present in U.P. and 2 in Uttrakhand .  A major pollution industries on the ganga are the leather industries near Kanpur .  Other industry like Tanning industry , pharmaceutical companies , electronic plant , textile and paper industries, fertilizers discharge ,different types of chemical and organic effluent into river.
  7. 7. MUNICIPAL SEWAGE CONSIST 75% BY VOLUME OF TOTAL WASTE INTO GANGA. All of the their sewage over 1.5 billion liter per day goes directly into river .
  8. 8. A Channelshowingconfluenceof TanneryeffluentswithRiverGangaat Kanpur.
  9. 9. Effect of the pollution in river direct observed in fish. In the GANGA river fish become extinct . DUE TO POLLUTION IN GANGA THE GANGA DOLPHIN HAS POPULATION OF ONLY 2000 AND IS NOW AN ENDANGEARD SPECIES . The effect of the pollution increase the organic matter in river water. Presence of toxic chemical in water . Impair light penetration due to oil spill. The effect of water pollution strongly impact the balance of nature , which ultimately impacts all human. Harms the food chain : Break the link of food chain . Spread of disease: Cause cholera ,Typhoid infection diarrhea etc. Affect body organ: The consuminated of highly contaminated water can cause injury to the HEART & KIDNEY .
  10. 10.  SUBMITTED TO:-  MRS. ANSHU GUPTA  SUBMITTED BY:-  HARPREET KAUR  CLASS-7th-F  ROLL NO-16

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