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Lte ws2013 5 g-sg_niri
Lte ws2013 5 g-sg_niri
Lte ws2013 5 g-sg_niri
Lte ws2013 5 g-sg_niri
Lte ws2013 5 g-sg_niri
Lte ws2013 5 g-sg_niri
Lte ws2013 5 g-sg_niri
Lte ws2013 5 g-sg_niri
Lte ws2013 5 g-sg_niri
Lte ws2013 5 g-sg_niri
Lte ws2013 5 g-sg_niri
Lte ws2013 5 g-sg_niri
Lte ws2013 5 g-sg_niri
Lte ws2013 5 g-sg_niri
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Lte ws2013 5 g-sg_niri

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  • Hi Josef, Thanks and I would agree to some extent. As mentioned in the slides, apart from underlying technology, we need to look at business models and also regulatory aspects. I think your concern could be addressed mainly there.
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  • Hei Sharam,
    again, a very good presentation. Liked your views, excellent knowledge and clear slides.
    The main challenge to my understanding is 'still' the convergence between privat (home, office,...) and public (operator) infrastructure.
    Looking forward to discuss.
    Josef
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  • 1. Towards 5G LTE World Summit 2013 June 24th – 26th 2013, Amsterdam Dr Shahram G Niri General Manager, 5GIC (5G Innovation Centre) CCSR, University of Surrey
  • 2. Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this presentation are those of the authors / presenters and do not necessarily reflect the official position of the University of Surrey , the CCSR/5GIC.
  • 3. Introduction to CCSR The Centre for Communication Systems Research (CCSR)  Established 15 years ago and is now a leading, international communications research centre based at the University of Surrey.  Europe’s largest academic research group in mobile communications technology:  over 160 research active personnel consisting of 100 PhDs, 45 Post docs, 13 Academics, more than 70 MSc students  research income to date of over £100m  8th best university in the UK (Guardian league table 2014) & Electronic & Electrical Engineering at 2nd  Over £100M in research income  Over 200 PhDs awarded  More than 50 international industrial partnerships from US, Europe, UK, Japan, South Korea and China  Key membership of EU projects 3
  • 4. Broadband/Mobile Broadband the 4th Utility Blurring boundaries and convergence of telecommunication, information, broadcasting, media and publishing technologies Services grow in multiplicity, diversity and richness of content More powerful and enabled devices - Changes on the shape, size, capability and price Hyper Connectivity- mobile Internet with extreme mobility, ubiquity, personalization, adaptation, video addiction and surprising applications as yet unimagined Ubiquitous ultra broadband high quality and affordable communications essential to the functioning of modern life & society MBB Communication & Service Outlook + Telecommunication at the heart of several industries Transport, Utility, Education, Health & Commerce 4
  • 5. High capacity pipes with intelligent plumbing that could incorporate sophisticated resource control capability Page 5 Growing Population Hyper Connectivity Limited Resources Hundred-fold increase in network flow brought by mass terminals and mass digital content and hyper connectivity -> thousand-fold increase in traffic flow on mobile networks Mobile data traffic is doubling every year BUT capacity doubles every 10 years Spectrum the blood line of mobile communication, finite resource, scarce & expensive New network topologies, frequency reuse and deployment strategy key to keep up with exponential increase of traffic with limited spectrum availability Communication network to improve in intelligence, flexibility, automation, resilience, efficiency, speed, security, privacy, latency YET lower delivery cost per bit/per sub/per km2 5 MBB Service Outlook – cont.
  • 6. 1980’S 1990’s 2000’s 2010’s 2020’s 1G Voice Digital Data/PS Full IP Analogue 4G (LTE) 2010 Architecture Efficiency 300 Mb/s 5G 2020 (?) Spectral efficiency Environment Friendly Capacity Cost effectiveness Intelligence Rel 99 W-CDMA Rel 8 LTE 2G (GSM) 1990 Mobility Roaming 9.6 Kb/s 2.5G GPRS 100 Kb/s 3.5G HSPA 42 Mb/s LTE-A 1 Gb/s 3G (UMTS) 2003 Multi-media 2 Mb/s Efficiency Data rate increase X10 X200 X4200 X30000 X100000 (?) Rel x Technology & Standards Evolution Towards 5G Cellular standards are quick to arrive and slow to leave 8 to 10 years between major new standards Average of 20 years from std intro to peak volume 4G ramp begins around 2011 “LTE now fastest growing mobile tech ever in rollout terms” - GSA Next generation global standard around 2020 6
  • 7. Spectral Efficiency Spectrum Base Station Density Advanced Technologies X X Higher Capacity Green Technology Dynamic and adaptive spectrum allocation Small and smart cell technologies Mixed cell technologies Intelligent and adaptive networks Self managed and automated networks SW Defined Radio (SDR) & Networks (SDN) Communication delivered through SW on generic HW Energy efficiency Lower power consumption Smarter use of energy Cost efficiency for a more sustainable telecom (lower cost per bit /Hz/km2) High Level Challenges For 5G Efficient use of radio spectrum, energy efficiency & cost efficiency 7 Cost Efficiency
  • 8.  What are the upper limits on the current standards / technologies?  What are the targets? Enhancement to the current STD New technologies / STD 5G Main Requirements Area spectral efficiency Peak data rate Latency Energy Cost per Bit Scalability 0 2 4 6 8 10 Area spectral efficiency Peak data rate Latency Scalability Energy Cost per Bit Tech 3G HSPA+ LTE LTE-A 5G Bandwidth MHz 5 5 20 100 100+ SE b/Hz/cell 0.5 2 4 ~8 10+ Peak Rate Mb/s 2 42 & 11 326 & 86 1000 & 375 10000+ & 5000+ Latency ms 50 20 10 10 0.1-1 ASE Gb/s/km2 50 New Air Interface Higher capacity, better quality, easier operation, lower cost 8
  • 9. The LTE air interface designed for wide area deployment  High UL and DL transmit power difference  Different modulation scheme for UL and DL  Physical channel structure differ significantly between UL & DL Shorter round trip delay for the future system  RTT an order of 0.1-1 ms  In line with higher data rate, fast signalling and feedbacks  User plan latency: Frame structure, control signal timing, HARQ  FDD best suited for mainly symmetric traffic (voice), while TDD best suited for bursty, asymmetric traffic (Internet) AND  less complex and less costly (Reuse of sources , no need for duplexer)  more flexible than FDD (dynamic reconfiguration of bandwidth)  better for massive MIMO (easier and more robust channel estimation)  The FDD offers better range (concentrated power per MHz) – BUT FDD HW more lossy , FDD and TDD similar throughput , similar energy efficacy The Need For A New Air Interface A new air interface designed for small cells, suitable for asymmetric service and current challenging spectrum situation 9 Relay & D2D Femto Small cell Macro FDD TDD TDD challenges: Interference management & Synchronisation Source - NSN
  • 10. LTE A Mar 10 Relx ? 5G 3G/ HSPA+ LTE B Rel12 ? 4G / LTE Dec 08 Jun/Sep 14 Jun 13 R99 2000 16/17 10 New Air Interface (Small Cells) •New waveform •New duplexing • Light MAC •Higher order modulation •Interference cancelation / utilization •Massive MIMO Radio Frequency •Millimeter wave • New licensing regime •Licensed & unlicensed band operation •Spectrum sharing •Indoor-Outdoor operation Intelligent & Adaptive Networks •Opportunistic & adaptive use of resources •Spectrum sensing •Cognitive radio and network •Self managed and automated networks •Automation (plug & play) New NW Architecture • Het-Net resource allocation & management SW Defined Radio (SDR) SW Defined Networks (SDN) • Physical separation between data & control planes 5G 5G Characteristics New Air interface will be a key enabler for 5G
  • 11.  Modest increase in number of devices and usage  Population density:  Case F: UK mean  Case D: UK Peak  Case C: Office  Case A: Inner London business  Traffic growth: ~70% CAGR  In 2020 depending on the environment  Traffic per km2 (1.5 to 60 Gb/s/km2) UK needs at least ~ 15 - 20 x capacity (2013-2020) UK Traffic Prediction - 2020 5G will need to be designed not for 2020 but for 2025-2030 capacity ! 0.00 10.00 20.00 30.00 40.00 50.00 60.00 70.00 80.00 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Gb/s/km2 Traffic growth for cases A-F Traffic - Case A Traffic - Case C Traffic - Case D Traffic - Case F 0.00 10.00 20.00 30.00 40.00 50.00 60.00 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Gb/s/km2 Traffic growth for cases A-F (with WiFi off-load) Traffic - Case A Traffic - Case C Traffic - Case D Traffic - Case F 11
  • 12. Field Trials 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Commercial Development & Testing 5G Research 5G Standard & Development Roadmap – Prediction!  3G: Started in 1989, standards in 1999, commercial system in 2001-2003  4G: Started in 2000, standards in 2008, commercial in 2010-2011 5G: Already started, standards in ~2017, commercial in 2020 Standardisation Industry Rel. 12 WRC 15 5G Ever increasing demand for capacity in conjunction with the limited spectrum availability will derive and speed up the 5G standardisation activities 12
  • 13. 5GIC (5G Innovation Centre) A specialised 5G Innovation Centre: 5GIC(2) Founding members (1) (1) Membership open to telecommunication service provides, manufactures, test equipment vendors, application & content providers, academia and research centers and other relevant organizations (2) Photo for illustration purpose only Current Funding £35 m £24m support from industry partners, £11.6m from HEFCE The center will provide research and business engagement opportunities for SMEs and multinational companies Opportunity to drive national economic growth in new generation telecommunications technologies A successful funding bid, made by the the Centre for Communication Systems Research (CCSR) and the University of Surrey to the UK Research Partnership Investment Fund (UKRPIF) supported by an additional contributions from a consortium including key Telecoms operators and manufacturer, Solution providers (the Founding Members). 13 A consortium of enthusiastic and forwarding-thinking mobile operators and infrastructure providers
  • 14. Thank You

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