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102678063 ရခုိင္ျပည္္နယ္မွ-မူဆလင္မ်ားအေရးႏွင့္ပတ္သက္၍-သက္ဆုိင္္ရာ-၀န္ႀကီးမ်ား၏-လႊတ္ေတာ္အတြင္းေ
102678063 ရခုိင္ျပည္္နယ္မွ-မူဆလင္မ်ားအေရးႏွင့္ပတ္သက္၍-သက္ဆုိင္္ရာ-၀န္ႀကီးမ်ား၏-လႊတ္ေတာ္အတြင္းေ
102678063 ရခုိင္ျပည္္နယ္မွ-မူဆလင္မ်ားအေရးႏွင့္ပတ္သက္၍-သက္ဆုိင္္ရာ-၀န္ႀကီးမ်ား၏-လႊတ္ေတာ္အတြင္းေ
102678063 ရခုိင္ျပည္္နယ္မွ-မူဆလင္မ်ားအေရးႏွင့္ပတ္သက္၍-သက္ဆုိင္္ရာ-၀န္ႀကီးမ်ား၏-လႊတ္ေတာ္အတြင္းေ
102678063 ရခုိင္ျပည္္နယ္မွ-မူဆလင္မ်ားအေရးႏွင့္ပတ္သက္၍-သက္ဆုိင္္ရာ-၀န္ႀကီးမ်ား၏-လႊတ္ေတာ္အတြင္းေ
102678063 ရခုိင္ျပည္္နယ္မွ-မူဆလင္မ်ားအေရးႏွင့္ပတ္သက္၍-သက္ဆုိင္္ရာ-၀န္ႀကီးမ်ား၏-လႊတ္ေတာ္အတြင္းေ
102678063 ရခုိင္ျပည္္နယ္မွ-မူဆလင္မ်ားအေရးႏွင့္ပတ္သက္၍-သက္ဆုိင္္ရာ-၀န္ႀကီးမ်ား၏-လႊတ္ေတာ္အတြင္းေ
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102678063 ရခုိင္ျပည္္နယ္မွ-မူဆလင္မ်ားအေရးႏွင့္ပတ္သက္၍-သက္ဆုိင္္ရာ-၀န္ႀကီးမ်ား၏-လႊတ္ေတာ္အတြင္းေ

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  • 1. 1   ]] &cdkifjynfe,frS rlqvifrsm;ta&;ESihfywfoufí oufqdkif&m0efBuD;rsm; vTwfawmftwGif; ar;cGef;rsm;&Sif;vif;ajzMum;csuftay: oHk;oyfcsuf }} " Aeritical Analysis of the Answers replied by relevant ministers to questions, raised by Hluttaw members, concerning the affairs of Musslins in Arakan State " HI yxrydk if;edgef; ,aeUtcsdeftcgwGi f EdkifiHawmfo r®wESihftjcm;EdkifiHacgif;aqmifrsm;u EdkifiHawmfa&SUoGm;rnf hDr dku a&pDc &D ;pOfE Si hf ywf oufaomay:vpD rsm;? rl0 grsm;? vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;rsm;udkBuHKvQifBuHKovdk jynf olvlxkod&Sdatmif ajymqdk&Si f;vif;aeaMumif;? rdefUrSm aeaMumif;awGU&onf/ tm;&auseyfp&mjzpfygonf/pepfwpfck ajymif;vJv mNyD; jynfolwkdYb0rSma&mifjcnfopfrsm;xGef; vif; vmrnf[ k arQmfvifha eMuonf/jynfya&mufjrefrmrsm;uvnf; Drdku a&pD tcif;tusif;opfudkpdwf0ifpm;pGm avhvmapmihfarQmfa eMuonf/jynfwGif;odkUjyef0ifvmol rsm;vnf; &Sda eygonf/ EdkifiHawmfor®wBuD;u (30-3-2011) ckaeU usrf; opömcH,lyGJNyD; jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfrSmrdefUMum;cJhaomrdefUcGef;wGi f - ]]- - - - gaMumih fu REf ky fw dkUtaeeJU EdkifiHom;rsm;rlvtcGifhta&;? wpfenf;tm;jzihf vlUtcGihfta&;rsm;ESi hfywfoufNyD; tajccHOyajyXmef;csufrsm;udk taumiftxnfazmfEdkif &eftwGufwnfqJOyarsm;udk vdktyfygujyifqifj cif;? zsufodrf;jcif; OyatopfjyXmef; vkyf aqmifoGm;rSmjzpfygw,f/ tJDvdk vkyfaqmifEdki fz dkU avhvmoHk;oyfr Irsm;udk tjrefq Hk;jyKvkyfNyD; DavhvmawGU&Sdcsufrsm;tay: tajccHum jynfaxmifpk vTwfawmftaeeJU vdktyfw JhOyajyK a&;&mvky fief;rsm;vkyfaqmifEdkifzdkUtwGuf qufvufwifj yoGm;rSmjzpfygw,f/}}[kyg&Sdygonf/ Drdkua&pDEdki fi Hx la xmifa&;rSm ta&;ygaom rdefUrSmMum;csufjzpfygonf/xdkUtjyif Edki fiHawmfor®wBuD;u (6-4-2011) aeUwGif - ]]pepfwpfckajymif;vJc JhNyD;jzpfw,f/ ajymif; vJw Jha cwfpepfESihft nD tawG; tac:awG? vkyfenf; vkyf[efawGvnf;ajymif;&r,f/ }} (1-10-2011 aMu;rHk)[k rdefUMum;cJhygonf/
  • 2. 2   xdkUjyif yxrtBudrf jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf? kwd,tpnf;ta0;yxraeU (22-8-2011) ckaeU vT w fawmfzGihfy GJrS or®wBuD; urde fU cGef;acR&mwGif - ]]jynfolUtpdk; &jzpfwJhtwGuf jynfolvlxktusdK;pD;yGm;OD; xdyfxm;&r,f/ jynfolvlxkudk pdwf auseyfrI? jynfolvlxkpdwfcsrf;omrIudkxrf;aqmifM uwJh jynfolvlxkwpf& yfvHk; tm;xm;rI cH ,lx dkufwJh 0efxrf; aumif;rsm;jzpfv matmif ynmay;jcif;? owday;jcif;? ta&;,ljcif; (rsm;) aqmif&GufaeygNyD/ EdkifiHom;tm;vHk;rlvtcGihfta&;rsm;udk tajccHOyajyXmef;csufESih f tnD azmfaqmifa y;Edkifa&;wdkUudkvnf; txl;tm;ay;aqmif&Guf&mrS vTwfa wmfudk,fpm;vS, f rsm;taeeJUvnf; 0dkif;0ef; aqG;aEG;ñSdEdIif; jyifqifjyXmef;ay;Mu& awmhr ,fj zpfw,f[ k rSmMum; oGm;onf/ Mo0gay;0dkif; 0ef; aqG;aEG;ñSdE dIif; jyifqifjyXmef; ay;Mu&awmhr Smjzpfw,f}}[krSm Mum;oGm;onf/ Mo0gay;cJho nf/}} rde fU cGef;rsm;ygpum;rsm;onfE dkifiHhOaoQmifacgif; aqmifBuD; EdkifiHa&;tjrif? Edkifi Ha&;cH, lcsufvnf;jzpfygonf/ topfwnfaqmufrnhf Dr dkua&pD EdkifiHtwGuf vrf;ñTef rD;½I;wefaqmif;vnf;jzpfygonf/tem*wfEdkifiHawmftwGuf jynfolvlxkudk ay;aomuwdu0wfv nf;jzpfygonf/ tm;&auseyfp&mjzpfygonf/vufawGU taumiftxnfazmfj cif;onf or®wBuD;rdefUcGef; yg vrf; ñTefcsuft& tm;vHk;ESihfq dkifa eygonf /txl;ojzihfXmeqdkif&mjynfo lU 0efx rf;rsm;ESihf vTw fawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;wGif yd k íwm0ef & S d a eygonf/ emrnfomDrdku&ufwpfjzpfNyD; vufawGUrSmDrdkua&pDusihfpOftouf0ifjcif;r&Sdaom EdkifiHwpfcsdK UuJhodkUrjzpf&ef vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;tm; 0dki f;0ef; aqG; aEG;jyXmef;ay;yg&ef or®wBuD; uzdw fac:xm;ygonf/ tESp fo m&&Sda om Dr dkua&pDEdkifiHopfj zpfay:vmrnf[ karQmfv ihfygonf/ Dr dkua&pDtoD; tyGifhrsm;rS jynfolvlxkuvufawGU tusdK ;aus;Zl;cHpm;&rnf[ karQmfvihfygonf/ tpdk;&opfwpfESpfomom½Sdao;aom oufwrf;twGif; tajymif;tvJtcsdKUvnf; awGUjrif&ygonf/vTw fawmft wGif;Oyarsm;udkjyifqifj cif;? Oyaopfrsm;a&;qGJjcif;rsm;vnf; awGU&ygonf/ jyifq ifo ihfa omOyarsm;ESihfywfoufí Oyaynm&Sifrsm;? Oyaygarmu©rsm;aqG; aEG;yGJvnf; jyKvkyfxm;aMumif;awGU&ygonf/ þtcsdefwGif uREkfyfpmwrf;onf waphwapmif;taxmuftuljzpfrnf[k arQmfv ihfv Quf a&;om;wifjyjcif;jzpf ygonf/ txl;ojzih f 1982 ckE Sp f Edki fi Ho m;jzpfrIOyaonf avsmfuefoihfjrwfjcif; r&SdaomwbufowftpGef;a&mufaeaom OyajzpfaMumif; uREkfyf ½Iaxmifhtjrif wifjyjcif;jzpfygonf/ þOyaonf wdkif;&if;om;[kowfrSwfolrsm;txJ u ynm&Sifrsm;? Edki fiHa&;orm;rsm;udk xdcdku fapjcif;r&Sdojzihf xdkolrsm;u owdxm;jcif;r&SdaMumif;awGU&onf/ EdkifiHwGif;&Sdjynfo lw pfpku dk xdcdku fe pfemapvQif tm;vHk;0dkif;0ef;ulnDajz&Sif;ay;oihfonf[k,lq ygonf/ ,aeUvTwfawmft0ef;t0dkif;rSm txufOyataMumif; aqG;aEG;jcif;r&Sdonfudk Drdkua&pDpepfrSm wpfpHkwpfc kv dkaeovdkcHpm;rdygonf/ EdkifiHawmfor®wBuD;tjyif tjcm;acgif; aqmifrsm;uvnf; jynfo lUtcGihft a&;? vlUtcGihft a&;? D rdku a&pDta&;rsm;ESihf ywfoufí ajymqdkrdefUrSmrIrsm;&Sdaeygonf/ jynfolUvTw fa wmfOuú|ol&a&Tref;u ukvor*¾ vlUtcGihft a&;tpD&ifc Hp m wifoGif;ol Mr. Tomas Quintana ESihfa wGUqHk&Sif; vif;&mwGif -
  • 3. 3   ]]jynfolrsm; rlv&ydkifcGihf Drkdua&pDv lUtcGihfta&;rsm;udkazmfaqmifay;Edkifonfh Oyarsm; jyXmef;aqmif&GufoGm;rSmjzpfaMumif;? wnfqJOyarsm;udkvnf; jyefvnfoHk;oyfNyD; vdktyf onfrsm;udkzsufodrf;? jyifqiftopfjyXmef;&ef aqmif&Gu f o Gm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? odkUrSo m rdr d wdkUtem*wfc&D;vrf;wGi f ygwDp kH Drdkua&pDtcGihftvrf;rsm; yGihfvif;vmrSmjzpfaMumif; jynfo l rsm; Drdku a&pDtcGihfta&;rsm;udkazmfaqmifay;rnhf pmcRefa wmftrdefU xkwfjyefEdkifcGihfudk vnf; ay;tyfxm;NyD;jzpfaMumif;}} (26-8-2011 aeUxkw f aMu;rHk) rsm;yg&Sdo Gm;ayonf/ tvm;wltrsdK ;om;vTwfa wmfOuú|? jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfem,uOD; cifa tmifjrihfu rpöwmuifwm;em;tm; EdkifiHawmfay:vpDrl0gESihf Dr dkua&pDazmfaqmifa erIudk&Si f;jy&mwGif- ]]vTw fa wmfw Gi f jynfolUtoHvTwfawmftoH? jynfolUqE´vTwfawmfqE´? jynfolUarQmfvihf csufvTwfawmfaqmif&Gufc suf[ laom aqmifykfwpf& yfaqmif&Gufx m;aMumif;? ,if; aqmif yk fE Si hft nD Edki fi Ho m;rsm;rlv tcGihfta&;? Dr dkua&pDta&;? vlUtcGihfta&;qdkif&maumfr wDrS jynfo lrsm;twGif;Drdku a&pD usihfpOfwdk;wufvma&;ESi hfvlUtcGihfta&; wdk;wufjr§ihfwif a&;twGuf& nfrSef; aqmif& Gu fo Gm;rnfjzpfygaMumif; vuf&Sdwnfq JO yarsm;ud k vl UtcG ihft a&;? Drdku a&pDa&;ESihfu dkufnDr I&Sd? r&Sdpdp pfNyD; ,ckvTwfawmftwGif;üyif tcsdKUOyarsm;udkjyif qifjyXmef;oGm;&ef&SdygaMumif;}} (26-8-2011 aMu;rHk)ajymqdka qG; aEG;oGm;aMumif;od&Sd&ygonf/ uREkfyf ,ckpmwrf;onfvnf; vlUtcGi hfta&;qHk;½HI;ae&jcif; ? Drdku a&pDtcGi hfta&;rsm; r&&Sdjcif;ESihfywfoufaeygojzifh EdkifiHacgif;aqmifrsm;u tav;teufxm; pOf;pm;ay;rnf[k ,HkMunfygonf/ uREkfyfwdkU Ed ki fi Hawmfo r®wBuD;ESihfvTwfawmfOuú|BuD;rsm;u txufygrdefUrSmcsuf? &Sif;vif; ajymMum;csufESifhtnDvufawGUtaumiftxnfazmfr nfqdkvQif jynfoltm;vHk;u tm;&0rf;om *kPfjyKMobmay;Muygvdrfhrnf/jynfoltm;vHk; vGw fvyfrIudkvdkvm;aeMuonf/ wlnDrQwaomvlrIb0udk arQmfvifhawmifhwvQuf&SdM uygonf/ EdkifiHacgif;aqmifrsm;txufrdefUcGef;rsm;? &Sif; vif; ajzMum;csufrsm;wGif jynfo lu dkt av;xm;aMumif;awGU&onf/ jynfolUtoH? jynfolUqE´? jynfo lUarQmfvihfcsufESihfjynfol pdwfcsrf;omrIudk OD;pm;ay; pOf;pm;aeaMumif;awGU&onf/ jynfo lrsm;? EdkifiHom;rsm;qdk&mwGi f &cdki fj ynfe,frS rlqvif rsm;vnf; yg0ifygonf/ olwdkU onf &cdki fjynfe,fvlOD; a&xuf0 ufcefU&Sdygonf / ude f;*Pef;tm;jzihfqdkvQif odef;ESp fq,fcefU&Sdygonf/ xdkolwdkUtajccHtcGifhta&;tawmfrsm;rsm;udk ESp ft awmfMumMumqHk;½HI; ae&onf/ yxrtBudrf kwd,vTwfawmftpnf;ta0;rsm;wGif jynfaxmifpk v0u0efBuD; u olwdkUudkEdki fi Hj cm;om;[ko Ho,&SdaeaMumif; ? Edki fi Ho m; tjzpf&&Sd&ef Oya t&avQmufx m;&rnf[ k &Sif;jyaMumif; vnf;awGU&onf/ tHhM op&m? pOf;pm;ír&Edkifj zpfaeonfrSm txufygoHo,qdkolwdkUtm; 2010 ckESpf vTwfawmf a&G;aumufyGJrSm tm;vHk;rJxnhfcGihf& cJhonhftjyif olwdkUxJuudk,fpm;vS,fwpfcsdKU rJNydKifcGihfrsm;&&SdcJ hjcif;jzpf
  • 4. 4  ygonf/ tpdk;&olwdkU tay:qufqHrI pHESpfrskdK;jzpfaeygonf/ rJxnhfcGihfay;cJho jzihf EdkifiHom;jzpfae/EdkifiHom;tjzpf&&Sd&ef jyefvnfcdkifrmaomtaxmuftxm;jzihf Oyat& avQmufxm;&rnf[k ajymqdkonhftjyif vufawGYrSmvnf; olwdkUvlrIb 0wpfckvHk;udk uefUowfx m;onf/ pD;yGm;&SmcGihf? oGm;vmcGihf? tdrfaxmifjyKcGihf? oufarG;0rf;ausmif;odyÜH? wuúo dkvfrsm;odkU wufa&mufc Gihfponfrsm;udk uefUowfxm;onf/tdr f, maqmufvkyfjyifq ifjcif; ? bmoma&;taqmuftOD ;rsm; jyifqifjcif;rsm;ud ky dw fy ifx m;onf/ vli ,frsm;u tpdk;&tvkyftudkifrsm;r&Edki fj zpfaeonf/ þodkUjzpfaejcif;onf ES pfaygif;ESp fq ,feD;yg;&S d aeonf /wjcm;vlrI? pD;yGm;b0 epfemqHk;½HI; rIrsm;vnf; tajrmuft rsm;&Sdaeygonf/ olw dkUtay: EdkifiHjcm;om;[ktjrif&Sdaeí þodkUjyKvkyfj cif;[k ,lq&onf/ þtrIudpörsm;onf EdkifiHawmfor®wBuD;ESihf tjcm;acgif;aqmifBuD;rsm; Mo0grdefUcGef; rsm;ESi hf qefUusifb uf jzpf aeygojzihf ,aeUEdkifiHawmfudk OD;aqmifaeaomvlB uD;rif;rsm;tm;vHk; u od&SdE dkifatmif þpmwrf;jzihfwifjyjcif;jzpfygonf/ txufygrlqvifrsm;? EdkifiHjcm;om;r[kw faMumif;? þpmwrf;ygtcsuftvufrsm;jzihf jynhfp HkoGm;onf[krqdkEdkifyg/ þpmwrf;yg tcsuftvufrsm;xuf cdki fvHkaomtaxmuftxm; trsm;tjym;&SdEkdifygonf/ vTwfawmfwGif;ar;cGef;rsm;udkajzMum;&Sif;vif;&mwGif jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;rsm;u txufyg uefUowfxm;jcif;? ydwfq dkUxm;jcif;? cGJjcm;qufq Hjcif;rsm;tjyif Edki fiHjcm;om;[k oHo,jzpfa e&onf[laom taMumif;jycsufj zihf EdkifiHom;tjzpf&&Sdatmif Oyat& avQmufxm;Edkifj cif;wdkUtm;vHk; onf oihfjrwfo nfh OyaESifhnDonf[kqdk/ trsdK;om;a&;vdktyfcsuft& e,fajrwnfN idr fa&;ESi hf EdkifiHawmfv HkNcHKa&;twGuf jyKvky f&jcif;jzpfonf[k&Sif;jyonf/ &cdkifjynfe,fonf jynfwGif; ppfjzpf aeaomae&m? tjcm;EdkifiHwpfckESihfppfjzpfaeaomae&mr[kw fyg/ vlrsdK;wpfrsdK;tajccH tcGihfta&;tm;vHk;udk ydwfyifxm;jcif;onf avsmfuefoihfjrwfrI&Sdygavm/ xdkrlqvifrsm;wGif Edki fi Ha wmfvHkNcHKa&;udk xdyg;aeonf [laom qlylaomif;usef;rIvnf; rawGU&Sd&yg/ &cdk ifj ynfe,fonf tjzLa&mife,fajr wpfcko mjzpfonf/ xdktaetxm;rSm vlrsdK;wpfrsdK ; tajccHt cGihfta&; tm;vHk;ydwfqdkUxm;jcif;rSm trsdK;om;a&;vdktyfcsuf[ kq dkvQif xdktrsdK ;om;a&;vdktyfcsufonftvGefusOf;ajrmif;oGm;onf[kqdk&ayrnf/ wdki f;&if;om;vlrsdK;rsm;udk uefUowfx m;jcif;? oD;jcm;qufq Hjcif;[kq dk&efom&Sdygonf/ þwGifwdkif;&if;om;[lonftb,fenf;? rnfonhfvTwfawmfuowfrSwfoenf;/ tb,faom tcsuf( aywH)udk tajccHíowfrSwfoenf;/ ar;cGef; xkwf&ayrnf/ ,aeUDrdkua&pDtoD;tyGihfrsm; wpfjynfvHk;a0qmvmcsdefwGif wpfcsdefuwdkif;&if;om;tjzpf aexdkifvmolv lrsdK ;wpfrsdK;udko D;jcm; a&G; xkwfj yD; EdkifiHj cm;om;[ko wfrSwf& ef tm;xkwfpDpOfjcif;onf w&m;rQwonf? rSefuefonf[kqdk&efr&Sdyg/ þolwdkUonf t*Fvdyfacwfu pm&if; tif;rsm;wGif tdE ´d,EdkifiHom;rsm;ESihfa&maESmryg0ifcJhyg/ jref rmwdki f;&if;om; &cdki fr lq vif? jrefrmrlqvifrsm;jzpfcJhonf/ vGwfvyfa &;&NyD;wdkif;&if;om;rsm;jzpfcJho nf/ ,ckEdkifiHom;tjzpfudkqHk;½HI;&onfqdkvQif ,aeUEdki fi Hw Gif; Dr dku a&pDr dk; u aygu©& 0óefrdk;uJhodkU uGu fMum;&Gmaeovm;[kpOf;pm;ae&onf/ Dr dkua&pDp epfrSm EdkifiHom;tm;vHk; vlrsdK;bmom tom;ta&mifrcGJjcm;bJ wef;wl&nfwlr&dSava&movm;? vGw fv yfa&;&NyD; acwf Oyarsm;t&? &cdkifrS,aeU oHo,jzpfaeonfqdkaom rlqvifrsm; wdkif;&if;om;rsm;jzpfcJhMuonf/ ,aeU wdkif; &if;om;pm&if;rSy ,fxm;NyD; uefU owfrItxyfxyfjzihf cGJjcm;qufq Hj cif; ? taMumif;trsdK ;rsd K;jyNyD; oHo,[kpGyfpGJjcif;? EdkifiHjcm;om;[kajymqdkjcif;onf vlUtcGihft a&; pHEIef; ESihf udku fn Dygavm/ uefUowfcsKyfcs,fcHb0onf tESpf
  • 5. 5  ESpfq ,fausmfNyD; Drdkua&pDjynfolUtpdk;&wufvmvQif tajctaewdk;wufaumif;rGefv mrnf[k arQmfvihfcJhygonf/ ,ckDrdku&pDtpdk;&wufvmNyD;rS EdkifiHom; tjzpf& &SdE dkif&ef 1982 ckES pf? EdkifiHom;jzpfrI Oyaykfr-42? 43 wdkU t& cdki fr maom taxmuftxm;jzihf EdkifiHom;jyKcGi hfavQmufx m;&rnf[ kq dko nf/ &cdkifrSrlq vifrsm;twGuf ]usm;udkaMumufvdkU&SifBuD;udk;? &Si fB uD;usm;xufqdk;} aeyHk&onf/ txufygrlqvifrsm;udkajymifE kdifiHjcm;om;[k qdkaeygonf/ wpfjcm;EdkifiHwpfEdkifiHOyat& xd kEdki fi Hom;jzpfaejcif;udk yxrOD;qHk;pGe fU vTw f&rnf[ kq dkjyefo nf/ þvlr sm;Edki fi Hw Gif; odkU cdk;0ifa exdkifolrsm;[kqdkvQif zrf; qD; ta&;,lEdki f& ef1947 ckE Sp f? vl0ifrIBuD;Muyfa&;vwfwavmOya (Emergency Act) ESifh wjcm;v0uOyarsm;&Sdaeonfr[kwfavm/ txufcdk;0ifaeolrsm;udk tb,hfaMumihf ESpfajcmufq,fc efU ta&;r,lb Jx m;cJhavoenf;/ 1947 ckESpf? Adkv fcsKyfatmifqef;vufx uf zqyvacwfa&G; aumufy GJrSpí 2010 ckESpf? vTwfawmfa&G;aumufy GJtxd tm;vHk;aoma&G;aumufyGJrsm;rSm (rqvacwfaumifpD tqihfqihf a&G; aumufyGJtygt0if)rJx nhfcGihf? a&G;cs,fcHcGihfrsm;&cJhonf/ trwfrsm;? aumifpD0ifrsm;&SdcJhonhft jyif ygvDreftwGi f;0efrsm;?0efBuD;rsm;vnf;txufoHo,[k pGyfpGJcH&ol rlqvifrsm;xJrS&SdcJhayonf/ xdko lrsm; ,aeUEdkifiHjcm;om;[lírnfuJhodkUjzpfoGm;avoenf;/ EdkifiHwumOyat& rJxnhfc Gi hfa&G;cs,fc H&cGihfrsm;onf Edkifi Hom;rsm;uom&Edki fa omtcGi hfta&;jzpfygonf/ EdkifiHjcm;om;rsm;u tkyfcsKyfa&;,EÅ&m;rsm;twGuf a&G; aumufy GJwGifrJxnhfcGihfr&Sdyg/ vTwfawmfwGif;ar;cGef;rsm;udk ajzMum;&Sif; vif;&mwGif EdkifiHom;tjzpfoHo,jzpf&jcif;onfvnf;aumif; ? vlr IpD;yGm;b0wGif uefU owfrIrsm;jyKvkyfxm;jcif;onfvnf;aumif;? vlrsdK;bmomcGJjcm;jcif;r[kwfyg/EdkifiHawmfz GJUpnf;yHkt ajccHOyaykfr-348 t& EdkifiHom;rsm;udk vlrsdK;bmom? a,musfm;? rde f;rcGJj cm; qufqHjcif;rjyK&yg[kyg&SdaMumif; &Si f; jyxm;ao;onf/ ,ckudpörsm;onf 1982 ckESpf? Edki fiHo m; jypfrIOya tydkfrsm;t& aqmif&Gufapjcif; [kqdkygonf/ xdkOyarSm pHESpfrsdK ;jzpfr aebl;vm;/ &cdkifrSrlqvifrsm;ESihf½ ky fo@mef bmompum;,Ofaus;rI"avhxHk;pHw ln Da om Ak¨bmom0ifb ½l0g qdko lrsm;udk wdkif;&if; om;[kowfrSw fx m;onf/ rlqvifrsm;udk EdkifiHjcm;om;[kq dka eonf/ 0efBuD;rsm; cGJj cm;rIr&Sdq dkj cif; udk rnfodkUem;vnf&rnfe nf;/ taMumif;tusdkK;qDa vsmfrIr&SdbJ rdrdESihfbmomrwlolrsm;udk taMumif; trsdK;rsdK;? qifajctzHkzHkjyNyD; oHo,[kowfrSwfjcif;omjzpfygonf/ þtjzpfrsdK;onf vlrsdK ;bmomcGJjcm;jcif;rSty tjcm;rjzpfEdkifyg/ þoHo,jyKjcif; wGif tcsdeftuefUtowf& Sdygovm;/ b*Fvm;a&SfU&Sdaeoa&GUumvywfvHk; oHo,&Sdrnf[ kqdkvdkjcif;vm;/ vuf&SdEdkifiHom;Oyaonf vGwfvyfa&;&NyD; jrefrmEdkifiHw Gif Edki fi Ho m;? wdki f;&if;om;tjzpf aexdkifvmolrsm;udk ESpfaygif; ajcmufq,fa usmfvGefvmNyD;rS Edki fiHj cm;om;[kazmfñTef;vQif xdkO yaudk,füudkucRwf,Gif;csuf&Sdonf[kqdk& ayrnf/ odef ;ESpfq,fcefU jynfe,fwGif; aexdki fa om rlqvifrsm;udk EdkifiHjcm;om;jzpfapjcif;xuf? txufOyaudkjyifq ifjcif;u ydk í oih fawmfrnf[koHk;oyfrdygonf/ &cdkifj ynfonf ,aeUoHo,qdkolrsm;u urÇmOD; upí tajcpdku faexdkifaomaojzpfaMumif; &cdkifjynf& Sd a&S; a[mif; ordkif;taxmuftxm;rsm;u oufaocHaeonfudktodtrSwfjyKoihfayonf/ EdkifiHawmfudkOD;aqmifaeaom tmPm
  • 6. 6  ydkifyk*¾dKvfrsm;? vTwfawmftrwfrsm;? oufqkdif&mOyaynm&Si fr sm;tm;vH k;u Edk ifiHom;wpfpktay: usa&mufaeaomþab;tEÅ&m,fqdk;BuD;udk umuG,f ajz&Si f; ay;rnf[k arQmfv ihfygonf/ v0u0efB uD; OD;cif&DrS vTwfawmfw Gif; ar;cGef;udk ajzMum;&Si f;vif;&mwGi f armif; awmaorS b*FgvDvlrsdK;rsm;onf wpfb ufEdki fi Hr Sb *Fg vDrsm;ESifhb mompum;? "avhx Hk;pH? ,HkMunfu dk;uG, fr I o½kyfo@mefponfjzihf tppwln DaeojzihfcGJjcm;ír&Edkif/ ESpfEdki fi H e,fpyftwGif; ul;vl;qufqHrI? tdrfaxmifusrI&Sdía&maxG;oGm;onf/ olwdkUudk EdkifiHom; jzpfaMumif; oHo ,jzpfaeonf/ odkUjzihfuefUowfrIUrsm; jyKvky f&onf /yHkpH (4) jzihfom &uftuefUtowfj zihf oGm;vmcGihfjyK&onf[kq dkonf/ Ak¨bmomjzpfaom b*FgvDrsm;udkb½kl0gemrnfj zihfwdkif;&if; om;owfr Sw fxm;onf/ olw dkUudkt b,faMumifh cG Jjcm;Edkifoenf;/ wd ki f;&if;om; jzpfvdkvQifA k ¨b momjzpf&rnf[ k qdkvdkjcif; t"dy Üg ,foufa&mufa eonf/ vuf&SdE dkifiHom;Oyaonf ar;cGe f;xkw fp&mjzpfaeygonf/ tajccHOyatydk f- 348 ESi hfnDñGwfrI r&SdaMumif;awGU&Sd&onf/ wpfbufE dkifiHrSvlrsm;ESihf tppwln Daeojzihf &cdkifrSukv m;rsm; (rlq vifrsm;) udk cGJj cm;r&Edkif? EdkifiHawmfvHkNcHK a&;? umuG,fa&;twGuf tEÅ&m,f&Sdaeí uefUowfrIrsm; trSefwu,fvdktyfa eonf/ 4if; onfyiftrsdK;om;a&;vdkt yfcsuf[kqdkv Qif wjcm;vlrsdK;rsm; (e,fp yfrsm;&Sd tjcm;vlr sdK ;rsm;)udk rnfo dkUcGJjcm;Edkifygoenf; / tdE´d,Ekdi fi HrDZ Dk&mrfjynfe,frScsif;ESi hf jrefrmEkdifiHcsif;jynfe,frScsif; rsm;? em*jynfe ,frSem*rsm;ESihfjrefrmem*rsm;? udk;uefUESihfw½kwfponfwdkUudk tb,faMumihfcGJjcm;Edkifoenf;/ rnfodkUcGJjcm;oenf;/ xdkU tjyif&cdki fj ynfe,frSm &Sdaom ,aeUwdkif;&if; om;[kq dko nhfb½l0grsm;? dki f;euf (c) csufrm;rsm;? NrdKcrdrsm;onf b*Fvm;a&SfUrSm t"dutm;jzihfyif&if;EdkifiHtjzpfaexdkifolrsm;jzpfM uonf/ olwdkU vlOD;a&toD;oD;onf &cdkifjynfe,frSmxuf b*Fvm;a&SUfrSm tqaygif;rsm;pGmrsm;jym;ygonf/ bmompum;? ,Ofaus;rI? udk;uG,f,HkMunfrI o½kyfo@meftm;vHk;onf [d kbufonfbuftwlwljzpfonf/ b*Fvm;a&SfUrSm Ak¨bmom b*Fg vDudkb½l0g[kac:onf/ oef; aygif;rsm;pGm½Sdo nf/ rlqviftvSnhfusaomtcg b*Fvm;a&SfUukvm;ESihf cGJjcm;r&í vlrIpD;yGm;b0wckvHk;udk uefUowfxm;jcif; jzpfonf[kqdkvQif t"dyÜg,fr nfodkU aumuf&rnfe nf;/ cdk;0ifa&maxG;onf[kqdkvQif ta&;r,lEdkifygvm;/ Oyar&SdcJhvdkUygvm;/ tm;vHk;cdk;0ifo l? a&maxG;oGm;olqdkvQif EdkifiHom;r[kwf/ Edki fiHj cm;om;[kowfrSwf&efom&Sdonf/ oHo,[k tb,faMumifh ajym&oenf;/ vGw fvyfa&;&&SdcJhpOfuvnf; &cdkifrSmxdkukvm;rsm; &SdcJhonf/ (1951 ckESpf oef; acgifpm&if;½Iyg) xdkpOfuyif EdkifiHjcm;om;[kowfrSwfcJh&rnf/ vGwfvyfa&;r&cif 1947 ckw Gi fyif Akdv fcsKyfatmifqef;ESifhtwlwdkif;jyKjynfjyKvTwfawmfrSm olwdkUvlrsKd;pkukd,fpm;vS,frsm;yg0ifcJhonf/ ,ckE Sp fajcmufq,fausmfvGe fNyD;aemuf oHo,wdkU? cGJjcm;r&wmwdkU? Edki fi Hj cm;om; tjzpfudk yxrpGefUvTwfygwdkU ? Edki fi Hom;jyKcGi hftwGuf cdki frmaomtaxmuftxm;jzihfavQmufygwdkU jyKvkyfajymqdkvmjcif; onf ]]xdkif;EdkifiHrSarSmifc dk0ifvmaom ygwdwfudk xdke,fpyfrS 0ifv mpOfuzrf;qD;jcif;rjyKbJ? trsdK;orD;rsm;u &efukefaps;rS0,f,lí 0wfqifaepOfzrf;qD;jcif; ? cRwf,l&ef pDp Ofj cif;rsdK;jzpfo Gm;Edki fo nf/}} vGw fvyfa&;&pOfu þukv m;rsm;udk cGJj cm;EdkifcJhonf /AkdvfcsKyfatmifq ef; ukd,fwkdi f vufwGJa c:cJhonf/ EdkifiHom;tjzpf vTwfawmfx Jyg0ifcGi hfjyKcJho nf/ e0w?e,utpdk;&rsm;ESifh (,ckDrd kua&pD tpdk;&) u cGJjcm;r&? oHo,jzpf&onfqdkjcif;rSm aoG;½dk; om;½dk;rS jzpfy ghrvm; [kpOf; pm;ae&onf/
  • 7. 7   vGwfvyfa&;&&SdcJhaomtcsdefwGifvnf; þukvm;rsm;&SdaecJh&m xdkpOfu yif Edki fi Hj cm;om;[k owfrSw fcJh&rnf/ vGwfvyfa&;&pOfu cGJjcm;EdkifcJhonf/ ,ckrScGJjcm;r&Edkifjcif;rsdK;jzpfaeovm;/ AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;ucGJjcm;EdkifcJhonf/ e,utpdk; &u cGJj cm;r&[k qdkjcif;rSm obm0usygavm/ aemuft a&;BuD;tcsufwpfcsufrSm oHo,[kqdkjcif;onf tm;vHk;rdrdEdki fi Hom;r[kwf? EdkifiHjcm;om;[kt"dyÜg ,frxGu fyg/ vuf&Sd EdkifiHom;Oyat& EdkifiHom;rjzpfvQif EdkifiHjcm;om;[k owfrSwf&efom&Sdygonf/ oHo,[kaMunmjcif;onf ½IyfaxG;apygonf/ 4if;xJwGi f oHo,uif; &S if; oGm;ygu EdkifiHo m;jzpfEdki fo nhfvlvnf;&Sdaeygonf[k t"dyÜg,fxGufaeonf/ ,ckuefUowfxm;jcif;aMumifh xdkEdkifiHo m;jzpfEdkifajc&Sdolrsm; repfemaybl; vm;/ olkwdkU ta&; rpOf;pm;&bl;vm;/ DtjzpfrsdK; Drdku a&pDEdkifi Hr Sm epfemaMu;awmif;qdkcGihf&Sdayrnf/ cdkifvHkaom taMumif;aMumifh oHo,jyKjcif;r[kwf rdrdESihfr wlí t*wdw&m;0ifv mí rvdkrkef;xm;pdw fjzihf oHo,jyKjcif;om jzpfEdkifygonf/qufvufazmfjyygrnf/pmwrf;jyKpkoltbltmeif 

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