Urban Ecological Tools

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Urban Ecological Tools

  1. 1. Urban Ecological Tools Seth Zeren Melinda Stylos-Allan Walker Holmes
  2. 2. Growing Power, Milwaukee Growing power map/airphotoURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  3. 3. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  4. 4. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  5. 5. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  6. 6. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  7. 7. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  8. 8. ROAD MAP1. Who we are and why are we here2. What is urban agriculture3. Marrying site and use4. Three frameworks: site evaluation, urban ecosystem, consensus building5. Beyond urban agricultureURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  9. 9. PART 1: URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLSPART 2: FRAMEWORKURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  10. 10. SESSION GOALS: • Look at how the evolution of urban agriculture is transforming sites • Take an ecological approach to site selection and program development • Present three frameworks to guide and empower site reuse • Showcase transformative new models of urban reusePRESENTATION GOALSURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  11. 11. Who are we? A community developer An environmental problem solver A city planner Melinda Stylos-Allan Walker Holmes Seth Zeren Financial Education Manager, Skeo Solutions and The Trust for Chief Zoning Code Roxbury MA Public Land Official, Newton, MAINTRODUCTIONURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  12. 12. The Urban EcosystemURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  13. 13. The Urban Ecosystem Flows and reservoirs • Stuff • Energy • Money • People • Ideas The environment • Soil, air, water • Streets and infrastructure • Buildings • Institutions and culture Cities catalyze transformations Positive and negative feedback cycles cross domainsURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  14. 14. The Urban Ecosystem Flows and reservoirs • Stuff • Energy • Money • People • Ideas The environment • Soil, air, water • Streets and infrastructure • Buildings • Institutions and culture Cities catalyze transformations Positive and negative feedback cycles cross domainsURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  15. 15. The Urban Ecosystem Flows and reservoirs • Stuff • Energy • Money • People • Ideas The environment • Soil, air, water • Streets and infrastructure • Buildings • Institutions and culture Cities catalyze transformations Positive and negative feedback cycles cross domainsURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  16. 16. PART 2: URBAN AGRICULTUREPART 2: FRAMEWORKURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  17. 17. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  18. 18. FOR DECADES, URBANISTS HAVE DEFINED THE CITY INFRAMEWORKURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS OPOSITION TO THE RURAL 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  19. 19. A NEW GENERATION IS RECLAIMING THE TRADITION OF URBAN FARMING, URBAN GREENING & REDEFINING OUR URBAN FUTUREFRAMEWORKURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  20. 20. INNOVATION AND CREATIVITY CONNECT URBAN AND RURAL AGRICULTUREFRAMEWORK Source: Except, Integrated Sustainable DesignURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  21. 21. LESSONS FROM THE NEW URBAN AGRICULTURE• Adoption of hydroponics and aquaponics and changing market for food is creating new opportunities• Business models are immature and evolving rapidly• Startup schedules out of sync with regulatory timelines• “You need to have friends in the right places”• Planning is just one challenge out of manyURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  22. 22. UNINTENTIONAL BARRIERS Zoning approvals Building permits Health regulations State and federal regulationsAPPROVALS PROCESSURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  23. 23. PLANNERS AND FARMERS Entrepreneurs must lead, but need allies Planners can: • Remove barriers • Create new zoning • Lead community visioning • Create incentives • Identify SitesURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  24. 24. PART 3: MARRYING SITE AND USEURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  25. 25. Actual Site Lofty Idea Reality = Chaos Photo: Walker HolmesURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  26. 26. Actual Site Lofty Idea Reality = Chaos Photo: Walker HolmesURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  27. 27. Lofty IdeaURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  28. 28. All Photos: Walker HolmesURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  29. 29. PART 4: THREE FRAMEWORKSPART 3: SPECTRUM OF APPROACHESURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  30. 30. FRAMEWOR K 1: Site Evaluation Characteristics and context Limitations and opportunitiesURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  31. 31. Reuse Planning at Superfund Sites EPA’s goal: protect human health and the environment Four Components: 1. Stakeholder engagement and conflict resolution 2. Strategic analysis and reuse plans 3. Education, tools, and training 4. Implementation strategies31 URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  32. 32. Superfund Reuse Planning Phase Activities Reuse Assessment Reuse goals Site characterization Reasonably anticipated future land use Reuse Plan Reuse scenarios Stewardship optionsURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  33. 33. Site-Driven Example John Garland Park, KansasURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  34. 34. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  35. 35. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  36. 36. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  37. 37. Mission-Driven Example Danbury Community Garden, Connecticut Photo Credit: Rebekah ButlerURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  38. 38. Photo Credit: Rebekah Butler Photo Credit: Rebekah ButlerURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  39. 39. FRAMEWOR K 2: Urban Ecology Ecology of people, community, businesses, buildings, nature Interpreting ecological health Become a catalyst for beneficial feedbacksURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  40. 40. EfficiencyURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  41. 41. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  42. 42. ResilienceURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  43. 43. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  44. 44. FecundityURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  45. 45. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  46. 46. Industrial Ecology The study of the flow of materials and energy through industrial systemsURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  47. 47. Life Cycle Analysis “Cradle to Grave” Tracking environmental impacts from extraction through production, distribution, packaging, use, and disposalURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  48. 48. Industrial Symbiosis Sharing services, utilities, and by-products among diverse industrial actors in order to add value, reduce costs, and lower environmental impactsURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  49. 49. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  50. 50. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  51. 51. Network AnalysisURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  52. 52. The Plant, Chicago“Plant Chicago is a nonprofit dedicated to promoting sustainable food production, entrepreneurship, andbuilding reuse through education, research and development.”THE PLANT, CHICAGOURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  53. 53. KEY CHARACTERISTICS: •Growing system and crops •Business model •Market •Mission •Site selection •Regulatory avenue (how were they permitted)THE PLANT, CHICAGOURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  54. 54. CITES AS DYNAMIC FLOWS OF PEOPLE, GOODS, MATERIALS & SERVICES Source: Swiss Biomas FlowsFRAMEWORK URBAN & INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGYURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  55. 55. Measure flows and reservoirs • Inputs and wastes • Energy and heat • People • Money Inventory environment • Networks • Buildings • Streets • Parks • Institutions • Businesses Can’t do everything, strategically target what is essential to knowURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  56. 56. Integrating into the biosphere • Carbon cycle • Nutrient cycle • Hydrological cycle • Lower environmental impact Look for balance… • Efficiency • Resilience • FecundityURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  57. 57. FRAMEWOR K 3: Consensus and Collaboration Expanding the pie Power and politics Beyond Robert’s Rules Perception and vision Flexibility and stabilityURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  58. 58. Expand the pieURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  59. 59. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  60. 60. PowerURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  61. 61. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  62. 62. A break from traditionURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  63. 63. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  64. 64. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  65. 65. It’s all in how you look at itURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  66. 66. Consensus Building Process Pre-meeting assessment Working with Neutral facilitated champions meetings Building on points Managing of light expectations Creating new Structuring follow- community groups upURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  67. 67. Rose Kennedy Greenway, BostonURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  68. 68. URBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  69. 69. Economic GardeningURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  70. 70. Network Analysis, Part IIURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  71. 71. PART 5: BEYOND URBAN AGRICULTUREURBAN ECOLOGICAL TOOLS 21 OCTOBER 2012 | SNEAPA CONFERENCE
  72. 72. Many models for reuse
  73. 73. TakeawaysKEY TAKEAWAYS• Don’t get trapped in routine processes. Come at your site with fresh strategies and metaphors. It will shake up your vision and lead to healthy growth.• Urban agriculture is great, but not always the answer. Let site and context guide your reuse planning.• Study the feedbacks, flows, and points of light. Craft a solution that is resilient in an evolving dynamic system.• Put in a lot of pre-work, invest in neutral facilitation and consensus building. Forge a stable, long-term consensus vision.
  74. 74. PART 6: QUESTIONS?

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