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How to make land use inventories meaningful
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How to make land use inventories meaningful

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  • 1. HowSAMPLE TEXTto Make Land Use Inventories Meaningful and Useful September 21, 2012
  • 2. Introduction Why Inventory Land Uses LBCS Model and Burlington, VT Example LBCS Applications and How-To Interactive Survey LBCS Advantages and Disadvantages
  • 3. Why Inventory Land Uses? Understand Existing Conditions at Point in Time Identify Trends and Opportunities Important Component to Comprehensive Planning Process
  • 4. Traditional Inventory Data Standard Land Use Coding Manual (SLUCM) - 1965 Use Declined in the 1970s Basic Inventory Categories Evolved Rely Heavily on Assessment Data
  • 5. Traditional Inventory Data
  • 6. Traditional Inventory Data
  • 7. LBCS Model History Land-Based Classification Standards Developed by APA with Federal Support in 2000 and Updated in 2001
  • 8. LBCS in Use Philadelphia - Modified Activity Dimension to Update Land Use Coding System Georgia - Requires Use of at Least Function Dimension of LBCS or a State Model in Local Comprehensive Plans Frederick, MD – Use Function and Structure Codes in Zoning Code (Permitted Uses Table) Kansas – County Appraisers Must Use LBCS Function Codes
  • 9. LBCS Model Five Dimensions to Land Use Hierarchical Structure “Specificity with Flexibility”
  • 10. LBCS Inventory Data
  • 11. LBCS Inventory Data Site: Developed Structure: Residence over Office/Store; 60- unit Multi-Family Activity: Household Living, Restaurant, Service-Oriented Commercial, Office Function: Private Household, Personal Service, Full-Service Restaurant, Bar, Professional Services Ownership: Private
  • 12. LBCS Dimensions - Activity Observable Use
  • 13. LBCS Dimensions - Activity
  • 14. LBCS Dimensions - Activity Activity: 1100 – Household Living 2200 – Restaurant 6300 – Movies, Concerts, Entertainment 2120 – Service- Oriented Shopping
  • 15. LBCS Dimensions - Function Economic Use
  • 16. LBCS Dimensions - Function
  • 17. LBCS Dimensions - Function Function: 5370 – Fitness, Gym, etc. 6110 – Nursery/ Pre- school 6510 – Outpatient Care 6560 – Social Assistance 6800 – Association, Non-Profit
  • 18. LBCS Dimensions - Structure Building Form
  • 19. LBCS Dimensions - Structure
  • 20. LBCS Dimensions - Structure Structure: 1203 – 3-Unit Multi- Family 2230 – Standalone Store 2270 – Gas Station
  • 21. LBCS Dimensions - Site State of Development
  • 22. LBCS Dimensions - Site
  • 23. LBCS Dimensions - Site Site: 7110 – Neighborhood Park
  • 24. LBCS Dimensions - Ownership Ownership Structure
  • 25. LBCS in Burlington, VT Downtown/Waterfront Planning Process Funded by HUD Sustainable Communities Challenge Grant Initial Phase – Land Use Inventory and Buildout
  • 26. PlanBTV Land Use Inventory & Buildout Analysis Climate, Energy & Green Infrastructure Analysis Retail Market Assessment Transportation & Parking Study Housing Needs Assessment Parks, Arts, Cultural Resources Assessments Master Plan and Code Development
  • 27. LBCS in Burlington, VT Defined Planning Area Determined Coding Levels Desired
  • 28. LBCS in Burlington, VT Compiled Supplementary Data Designed Survey Sheets Defined Blocks to Organize Field Survey
  • 29. LBCS in Burlington, VT
  • 30. LBCS in Burlington, VT Site: Developed Structure: Multi-Family (8 Units), Office, Surface Parking Activity: Household Living, Office, Service-Oriented Shopping, Parking Function: Private Household, Health & Personal Care, Professional Services, Personal Services, Independent Artist
  • 31. LBCS in Burlington, VT Activity Function
  • 32. LBCS in Burlington, VT Site Structure
  • 33. LBCS in Burlington, VT
  • 34. LBCS in Burlington, VT Helped Fully Understand On-the- Ground Reality Foundation for Retail Market Analysis Assisted in Housing Study – Identified Lack of Diversity
  • 35. Your Turn!
  • 36. Property A
  • 37. Property A
  • 38. Property A
  • 39. Property A Coding? Site: Structure: Activity: Function: Ownership:
  • 40. Property A Coding? Site: 6000 Structure: 2400, 3230 Activity: 2110, 2120, 2310, 4110, 4500 Function: 2153, 2160, 2310, 2410, 6510, 6140 Ownership: 1000
  • 41. Property B
  • 42. Property B
  • 43. Property B
  • 44. Property B
  • 45. Property B Coding? Site: Structure: Activity: Function: Ownership:
  • 46. Property B Coding? Site: 6000 Structure: 2600, 2700, 5700 Activity: 2110, 2120, 3100 Function: 2160, 3600, 7300 Ownership: 1000
  • 47. LBCS Advantages Capture Physical, Economic and Social Characteristics Flexibility - Focus on Dimensions of Interest, Hierarchical Coding System Reveal Mix of Uses, Including Variety of Commercial, in Traditional Town/ Village Centers Better Track Change in Use Over Time
  • 48. LBCS Limitations Labor Intensive – Opportunity for Volunteer Use/ Community Involvement Limited Applicability at Larger Scales Difficult to Maintain
  • 49. Resources http://www.planning.org/lbcs/ PAS Memo – July/August 2012 http://www.burlingtonvt.gov/PlanBTV/ Mike Zuba, AICP – mikez@miloneandmacbroom.com Rebecca Augur, AICP – rebeccaa@miloneandmacbroom.com

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