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POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN
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POLITAL PARTIES PPT VIA SWAPNIL CHAVAN

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PPT IS ON THE POLITICAL PARTIES CHAPTER OF CLASS XTH

PPT IS ON THE POLITICAL PARTIES CHAPTER OF CLASS XTH

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  • 1. POLITICAL PARTIES • MEANING: • A group of people holding similar opinion on policies and programmes , • who come together to contest elections • and hold power in the Govt. is known as a political party.
  • 2. THREE COMPONENT OF POLITICAL PARTY: • A) THE LEADERS. • B) THE ACTIVE MEMBERS. • C) THE FOLLOWERS.
  • 3. FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES: • TO CONTEST ELECTIONS • FORMING POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES • MAKING LAWS • TO FORM AND RUN GOVTS.
  • 4. TO CONTEST ELECTIONS
  • 5. TO CONTEST ELECTIONS
  • 6. MAKING LAWS
  • 7. FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES • ROLE OF THE OPPOSITION. • TO SHAPE PUBLIC OPINION. • ACCESS TO GOVT. MACHINERY AND WELFARE SCHEMES.
  • 8. ACCESS TO GOVT MACHINERY AND WELFARE SCHEMES
  • 9. ROLE OF THE OPPOSITION
  • 10. Why do we need political parties? • Most visible institutions in a democracy. • Help in forming the govt. • For most ordinary citizens, • Democracy is equal to political parties.
  • 11. How many parties should we have? • In a democracy any group of citizens is free to form a political party. • 750 parties are registered with the Election Commission of India. • But not all these parties are serious contenders in the elections.
  • 12. How many major or effective parties are good for a democracy? • 􀁺 One-party system • 􀁺 Two-party system • 􀁺 Multi-party system
  • 13. One-party system • In China, only the Communist Party is allowed to rule. • We cannot consider one party system as a good option because this is not a democratic option. • China and Cuba are example of one-party system.
  • 14. Two-party system • In some countries, power usually changes between two main parties. • But only the two main parties have a serious chance of winning majority of seats to form government. • The United States of America and the United Kingdom are examples of two-party system.
  • 15. Multi-party system • In this system, the government is formed by various parties coming together in a coalition. • For example, in India there were three such major alliances in 2004 parliamentary elections– the National Democratic Alliance, the United Progressive Alliance and the Left Front.
  • 16. National political parties • A party that secures at least six per cent of total votes in Lok Sabha elections or Assembly elections in four States and wins at least four seats in the Lok Sabha is recognised as a national party.
  • 17. National political parties • Every party in the country has to register with the Election Commission. • These parties are given a unique symbol – only the official candidates of that party can use that election symbol.
  • 18. PRESIDENT OF NATIONAL POLITICAL PARTIES • • • • • • CPI – A B BARDHAN CPI-M – PRAKASH KARAT INC- SONIA GANDHI BJP- NITIN GADKARI BSP- MAYAWATI NCP- SARAD PAWAR
  • 19. Name Acronym Year Party leader • 1. Bahujan Samaj PartyBSP1984Mayawati • 2. Bharatiya Janata PartyBJP1980Nitin Gadkari • 3. Communist Party of India CPI 1925 A.B. Bardhan • 4. Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI (M) 1964 Prakash Karat • 5. Indian National CongressINC1885 Sonia Gandhi • 6. Nationalist Congress PartyNCP1999Sharad Pawar
  • 20. FLAGS
  • 21. SYMBOL
  • 22. Indian National Congress (INC) 1885 • Established in 1885. • It ruled continuously from 1947-1977, 1980-1989, 2004- till date. • Its ideological orientation, the party espouses secularism and welfare of weaker sections and minorities. • Currently leads the ruling United Progressive Alliance coalition government at the Centre.
  • 23. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP):1980 • Wants to build a strong and modern India by drawing inspiration from India’s ancient culture and values. • Cultural nationalism (or ‘Hindutva’) is an important element in its conception of Indian nationhood and politics. • Full territorial and political integration of Jammu and Kashmir with India. • A uniform civil code for all people.
  • 24. ATAL BIHARI BAJPAI
  • 25. Bharatiya Janata Party • Came to power in 1998 as the leader of the National Democratic Alliance including several state and regional parties. • Lost elections in 2004 and is the principal opposition party in the Lok Sabha.
  • 26. Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP): 1984 • Founder Kanshi Ram. • Seeks to represent and secure power for the bahujan samaj which includes the dalits, adivasis, OBCs and religious minorities. • Draws inspiration from the ideas and teachings of Sahu Maharaj, Mahatma Phule, Periyar Ramaswami Naicker and Babasaheb Ambedkar.
  • 27. MAYAWATI & KANSIRAM
  • 28. Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP): 1984 • Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Delhi and Punjab. • In the Lok Sabha elections held in 2004, it polled about 5 per cent votes and secured 19 seats in the Lok Sabha.
  • 29. Communist Party of India - Marxist (CPI-M):1964 • Believes in Marxism- Leninism. • Supports socialism, secularism and democracy and opposes imperialism and communalism. • Enjoys strong support in West Bengal, Kerala and Tripura , among the poor, factory workers, farmers, agricultural labourers and the intelligentsia
  • 30. SOMNATH CHATTERGY CPI M
  • 31. Communist Party of India - Marxist (CPI-M):1964 • Has been in power in West Bengal without a break for 30 years. • In 2004 elections, it won about 6 per cent of votes and 43 seats in the Lok Sabha.
  • 32. Communist Party of India (CPI):1925 • Believes in Marxism-Leninism, secularism and democracy. • Opposed to the forces of secessionism and communalism. • Promoting the interests of the working class, farmers and the poor. • Split in the party in 1964.( CPI :M )
  • 33. Communist Party of India (CPI):1925 • Kerala, West Bengal, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. • Advocates the coming together of all left parties to build a strong left front.
  • 34. Nationalist Congress Party (NCP):1999 • Formed in 1999 following a split in the Congress party. • Espouses democracy, Gandhian secularism, equity, social justice and federalism. • A major party in Maharashtra and has a significant presence in Meghalaya, Manipur and Assam.
  • 35. • A coalition partner in the state of Maharashtra in alliance with the Congress. • Since 2004, a member of the United Progressive Alliance.
  • 36. STATE POLITICAL PARTY • A party that secures at least 6 per cent of the total votes in an election to the Legislative Assembly of a State and wins at least two seats is recognised as a State party.
  • 37. State parties • Other than these six parties, most of the major parties of the country are classified by the Election Commission as ‘State parties’. • Parties like the Samajwadi Party, Samata Party and Rashtriya Janata Dal have national level political organisation with units in several states.
  • 38. Challenges to political parties  The first challenge is lack of internal democracy within parties.  Parties do not keep membership registers, do not hold organisational meetings, and do not conduct internal elections regularly.  The second challenge of dynastic succession is related to the first one.
  • 39. Challenges to political parties  Since most political parties do not practice open and transparent procedures for their functioning, there are very few ways for an ordinary worker to rise to the top in a party.  They tend to use short-cuts to win elections.  Number of criminals are increasing in the political parties.  The third challenge is about the growing role of money and muscle power in parties
  • 40. Challenges to political parties  The third challenge is about the growing role of money and muscle power in parties
  • 41. Challenges to political parties  The fourth challenge is that very often parties do not seem to offer a meaningful choice to the voters.  In order to offer meaningful choice, parties must be significantly different.  In recent years there has been a decline in the ideological differences among parties
  • 42. How can parties be reformed?
  • 43. How can parties be reformed?  The Constitution was amended to prevent elected MLAs and MPs from changing parties.( DEFECTION)(DAL-BADAL) Now the law says that if any MLA or MP changes parties, he or she will lose the seat in the legislature.
  • 44. How can parties be reformed?  The Supreme Court passed an order to reduce the influence of money and criminals.  Now, it is mandatory for every candidate who contests elections to file an AFFIDAVIT giving details of his property and criminal cases pending against him.  The Election Commission passed an order to file their income tax returns, its mandatory for the political party.
  • 45. Besides these, many suggestions are often made to reform political parties:  Political parties should maintain register of their members, to follow its own constitution, to have an independent authority, to act as a judge in case of party disputes.  About one-third seats to be given to women candidates.  There should be state funding of elections.  The government should give parties money to support their election expenses.
  • 46. There are two other ways in which political parties can be reformed. (1) People can put pressure on political parties.  This can be done through petitions, publicity and agitations. (2) Political parties can improve if those who want this join political parties.

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