Leading edge

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  • This is an actual example of distributed leadership, from one of my student’s dissertation study of distributed leadership within a high-performing school. It demonstrates how, when the culture becomes established, teachers feel empowered to identify a problem, strategize potential solutions, and bring it to their colleagues for approval. NOTE: Included in this scenario is no expectation that the process must include gaining the principal’s approval before bringing it to their colleagues.
  • Leading edge

    1. 1. Digital Footprint Sheryl Nussbaum-Beach Co-Founder & CEO Powerful Learning Practice, LLC http://plpnetwork.com sheryl@plpnetwork.com President 21st Century Collaborative, LLC http://21stcenturycollaborative.com Follow me on Twitter @snbeach Published by Solution Tree
    2. 2. Resources and slides for this talk can be found at http://plpwiki.com
    3. 3. • How can the “infusion of contemporary technologies and digital resources” best meet the needs of our learning community? • How can the the “infusion of contemporary technologies and digital resources” best meet the needs of my personal learning? Guiding Questions
    4. 4. Are you using the smallest number of high leverage, easy to understand actions to unleash stunningly powerful consequence?
    5. 5. • THE CONNECTED EDUCATOR The Disconnect “Every time I go to school, I have to power down.” --a high school student
    6. 6. Shifts focus of literacy from individual expression to community involvement.
    7. 7. Shifts focus of literacy from individual expression to community involvement.
    8. 8. Connected Learning The computer connects the student to the rest of the world Learning occurs through connections with other learners Learning is based on conversation and interaction Stephen Downes
    9. 9. Connected Learner Scale Share (Publish & Participate) – Connect (Comment and Cooperate) – Remixing (building on the ideas of others) – Collaborate (Co-construction of knowledge and meaning) – Collective Action (Social Justice, Activism, Service Learning) –
    10. 10. 11 Education for Citizenship “A capable and productive citizen doesn’t simply turn up for jury service. Rather, she is capable of serving impartially on trials that may require learning unfamiliar facts and concepts and new ways to communicate and reach decisions with her fellow jurors…. Jurors may be called on to decide complex matters that require the verbal, reasoning, math, science, and socialization skills that should be imparted in public schools. Jurors today must determine questions of fact concerning DNA evidence, statistical analyses, and convoluted financial fraud, to name only three topics.” Justice Leland DeGrasse, 2001
    11. 11. Are there new Literacies- and if so, what are they?
    12. 12. Play — the capacity to experiment with one’s surroundings as a form of problem- solving Performance — the ability to adopt alternative identities for the purpose of improvisation and discovery Simulation — the ability to interpret and construct dynamic models of real-world processes Appropriation — the ability to meaningfully sample and remix media content Multitasking — the ability to scan one’s environment and shift focus as needed to salient details. Distributed Cognition — the ability to interact meaningfully with tools that expand mental capacities .
    13. 13. Collective Intelligence — the ability to pool knowledge and compare notes with others toward a common goal Judgment — the ability to evaluate the reliability and credibility of different information sources Transmedia Navigation — the ability to follow the flow of stories and information across multiple modalities Networking — the ability to search for, synthesize, and disseminate information Negotiation — the ability to travel across diverse communities, discerning and respecting multiple perspectives, and grasping and following alternative norms. .
    14. 14. What does it mean to work in a participatory 2.0 world? Reflection
    15. 15. What is Do -It- Yourself Learning ?
    16. 16. Status Quo-- Things are working well most of the time. THEN Something happens that creates a sense of urgency to change. A desire to learn something new. You are presented with evidence that makes you feel something. It touches you in some way. Maybe… - a disturbing look at a problem - a hopeful glimpse of the future - a sobering self reflection
    17. 17. One of three things happen: 1. Complacency - You are moved but fail act - telling yourself or others, "Everything is fine." 2. False urgency - You are busy, working-working-working and never reflect or move yourself to action. You talk and it scratches the itch. 3. True urgency or passion- You are clearly focused on making real progress every single day. Urgent behavior is driven by a belief that the world contains great opportunities and great hazards. It inspires a gut-level determination to move, and win, now. You see it. You feel it and you are moved to change or act or learn
    18. 18. • Letting go of control • Willing to unlearn & relearn • Mindset of discovery • Reversed mentorship • Co-learning and co-creating • Messy, ground zero, risk taking Image: http://flic.kr/p/ch6kp3
    19. 19. Be a learner first—leader second • It's all about asking hard questions and then listening deeply • A connected learner isn’t afraid to admit that they don’t know the answer to a question or problem, and willingly invite others into a dialogue to explore, discuss, debate, or generate more questions. (@barb_english) • Asking our questions out in the open in connected ways @lisaneale • I believe that being a connected learner leads to more questions than answers and that is good. I also believe that connected learners have to learn to take risks - exposing your learning and thoughts can be challenging @ccoffa • Lurkers become learners. Learners become contributors. @sjhayes8
    20. 20. Wonder is both a sense of awe and capacity for contemplation.
    21. 21. http://bit.ly/QSqfjI
    22. 22. It also helps to ask questions like: 1) Why am I planning to do this? 2) How will I initiate this change? 3) Who can I connect with online in my network that can help me? 4) How will I measure our progress? Or how will I know if we are learning?
    23. 23. “Understanding how networks work is one of the most important literacies of the 21st Century.” - Howard Rheingold http://www.ischool.berkeley.edu How do you define networks?
    24. 24. In connectivism, learning involves creating connections and developing a network. It is a theory for the digital age drawing upon chaos, emergent properties, and self organized learning. Photo credit: Cogdogblog George Siemens
    25. 25. Image: http://epltt.coe.uga.edu/images/2/24/Connectivism_chart.gif
    26. 26. Personal Learning Networks FOCUS: Individual, Connecting to Learning Objects, Resources and People – Social Network Driven
    27. 27. responsive responsive
    28. 28. personalized
    29. 29. Connected Learning Communities provide the personal learning environment (PLE) to do the nudging
    30. 30. Motivations • Social connectedness • Psychological well-being • Gratification • Collective Efficacy
    31. 31. Use a 3-pronged Approach
    32. 32. What is community, really?
    33. 33. A Place to Build Trust and Relationships
    34. 34. A Domain of Interest
    35. 35. A Place to Meet
    36. 36. A Place to Construct Knowledge Collaboratively
    37. 37. CelebrationCelebration
    38. 38. A Community of Practice is a network of individuals with common problems or interests who get together to explore ways of working, identify common solutions, and share good practice and ideas. • puts you in touch with like-minded colleagues and peers • allows you to share your experiences and learn from others • allows you to collaborate and achieve common outcomes • accelerates your learning • Improves student achievement • validates and builds on existing knowledge and good practice • provides the opportunity to innovate and create new ideas
    39. 39. Looking Closely at Learning Community Design 4L Model (Linking, Lurking, Learning, and Leading) inspired by John Seeley Brown http://learningcircuits.blogspot.com/2006/06/roles-in-cops.html This model is developed around the roles and interactions members of a community have as participants in that community.
    40. 40. Healthy communities are collaborative, co-created and designed with evolution in mind.
    41. 41. “ Do you know what who you know knows?” H. Rheingold
    42. 42. Critical friends: Form a professional learning team who come together voluntarily at least once a month. Have members commit to improving their practice through collaborative learning. Use protocols to examine each other’s teaching or leadership activities and share both warm and cool feedback in respectful ways. Curriculum review or mapping groups: Meet regularly in teams to review what team members are teaching, to reflect together on the impact of assumptions that underlie the curriculum, and to make collaborative decisions. Teams often study lesson plans together.
    43. 43. Action research groups: Do active, collaborative research focused on improvement around a possibility or problem in a classroom, school, district, or state. Book study groups: Collaboratively read and discuss a book in an online space. Case studies: Analyze in detail specific situations and their relationship to current thinking and pedagogy. Write, discuss, and reflect on cases using a 21st century lens to produce collaborative reflection and improve practice.
    44. 44. Instructional rounds: Adopt a process through which educators develop a shared practice of observing each other, analyzing learning and teaching from a research perspective, and sharing expertise. Connected coaching: Assign a connected coach to individuals on teams who will discuss and share teaching practices in order to promote collegiality and help educators think about how the new literacies inform current teaching practices.
    45. 45. “Organizations tend to maintain themselves. It’s only through leadership do they change.” Culture of Principled Change
    46. 46. Leadership is about learning together, and constructing meaning and knowledge collectively and collaboratively. It involves opportunities to surface and mediate perceptions, values, beliefs, information, and assumptions through continuing conversations; to inquire about and generate ideas together; to seek to reflect upon and make sense of work in the light of shared beliefs and new information; and to create actions that grow out of these new understandings (Lambert, 1998, p. 7). Collective Leadership
    47. 47. Leading for Learning: Five Areas of Action 1. Establishing a focus on learning 2. Building professional communities that value learning 3. Engaging external environments that matter for learning 4. Acting strategically and sharing leadership 5. Creating coherence Knapp, M. S., Copland, M. A., Ford, B., Markholt, A., McLaughlin, M. W., Milliken, M., & Talberg, J. E. (2003)
    48. 48. Leading for Learning: Five Areas of Action 1. Establishing a focus on learning 2. Building professional communities that value learning 3. Engaging external environments that matter for learning 4. Acting strategically and sharing leadership 5. Creating coherence Knapp, M. S., Copland, M. A., Ford, B., Markholt, A., McLaughlin, M. W., Milliken, M., & Talberg, J. E. (2003)
    49. 49. Distributed Leadership defined… Distributed leadership does not mean that no one is responsible for the overall performance of the organization. It means, rather, that the job of administrative leaders is primarily about enhancing the skills and knowledge of people in the organization, creating a common culture of expectations around the use of those skills and knowledge, holding the various pieces of the organization together in a productive relationship with each other, and holding individuals accountable for their contributions to the collective result (Elmore, 2000, p. 15).
    50. 50. …is about creating leadership density, building and sustaining leadership capacity throughout the organization. People in many different roles can lead and affect the performance of their schools in different ways. Distributed leadership
    51. 51. Distributed Leadership: An Example An impromptu meeting was convened by a group of teachers who were not comfortable with playground supervision. This self- directed group sketched out a plan and shared it with their colleagues. They agreed to implement the plan and monitor it for a period of time by examining both student discipline data and teacher input. The plan eventually was deemed successful and the ad hoc committee disbanded.
    52. 52. Distributing Leadership: A Developmental Process (MacBeath, 2005) • Phase I: Treading cautiously Principal strategically identifies leadership needs of school, identifies people who have the requisite capacities, and assigns responsibilities to them. • Phase II: Widening the scope of leadership Creation of a culture that offers teachers an opportunity to learn from one another’s practice. Principal works to create an enabling environment, encourages shared leadership and a shared vision among staff as to where the school is going. Innovative ideas are encouraged from all members of the school. • Phase III: Standing back Maintaining the dynamic by supporting others; culture is characterized by mutual trust and self-confidence.
    53. 53. Promoting Distributed Leadership: Six Key Functions (Murphy, 2005) 1. Crafting a vision, delineating expectations for teacher leadership in the school 2. Identifying and selecting teacher leaders, linking them to leadership opportunities 3. Legitimizing the work of teacher leaders 4. Providing direct support 5. Developing leadership skill sets 6. Managing the teacher leadership process
    54. 54. Teacher Leadership “When given opportunities to lead, teachers can influence school reform efforts. Waking this sleeping giant of teacher leadership has unlimited potential in making a real difference in the pace and depth of school change.” Katzenmeyer and Moller, Awakening the Sleeping Giant: Helping Teachers Develop as Leaders, 2001
    55. 55. "Imagine an organization with an employee who can accurately see the truth, understand the situation, and understand the potential outcomes of various decisions. And now imagine that this person is able to make something happen." ~ Seth Godin.

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