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Shifting from a PLC to a CoP

Shifting from a PLC to a CoP

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  • Licensed under a Creative Commons attribution-share alike license.http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0Scott McLeod, J.D., Ph.D.scottmcleod.net/contactdangerouslyirrelevant.orgschooltechleadership.orgOur kids have tasted the honey.www.flickr.com/photos/jahansell/251755048
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    • 1. Digital FootprintSheryl Nussbaum-BeachCo-Founder & CEOPowerful Learning Practice, LLChttp://plpnetwork.comsheryl@plpnetwork.comPresident21st Century Collaborative, LLChttp://21stcenturycollaborative.comFollow me on Twitter@snbeach
    • 2. My community work
    • 3. Please join me atthe session wikihttp://plpwiki.com
    • 4. Mantra for today’s keynote… We are stronger together than apart. None of us is as smart, creative, good or interesting as all of us.
    • 5. Things do not change; we change.—Henry David Thoreau • THE CONNECTED EDUCATORWhat are you doing to contextualize andmobilize what you are learning?How will you leverage, how will you enableyour teachers or your students to leverage-collective intelligence?
    • 6. The world is changing...
    • 7. 6 Trends for the digital age Analogue Digital Tethered Mobile Closed Open Isolated Connected Generic Personal Consuming CreatingSource: David Wiley: Openness and the disaggregatedfuture of higher education
    • 8. Shifting From Shifting ToLearning at school Learning anytime/anywhereTeaching as a private event Teaching as a public collaborative practiceLearning as passive Learning in a participatoryparticipant cultureLearning as individuals Learning in a networked communityLinear knowledge Distributed knowledge
    • 9. Source: enGauge 21st Century Skills
    • 10. Right now, schools are:Time and place. Filtered. Teacher-directed.Predictable. Standardized. Push oriented.Content-based. Group assessed. Linear.Closed. Sept-June. Local.
    • 11. Learning will be (already is):Mobile. Networked. Global. Collaborative. Self-directed. Inquiry based. On demand.Transparent. Lifelong. Personalized. Pull.Unpredictable.
    • 12. Our kids have tasted the honey. dangerouslyirrelevant.org http://www.dangerouslyirrelevant.org/2009/02/a-taste-of-honey.html
    • 13. Free range learnersFree-range learners choosehow and what they learn. Self-service is less expensive andmore timely than thealternative. Informal learninghas no need for the busywork,chrome, and bureaucracy thataccompany typical classroominstruction. 16
    • 14. The Disconnect―Every time I go to school, I have to • THE --a high school studentpower down.‖ CONNECTED EDUCATOR
    • 15. The pace of change is accelerating
    • 16. Knowledge CreationIt is estimated that1.5 exabytes of unique new informationwill be generatedworldwide this year.That’s estimated to bemore than in theprevious 5,000 years.
    • 17. For students starting a four-yeareducation degree, this means that . . .half of what they learn in their first yearof study will be outdated by their thirdyear of study.
    • 18. “For the first time we are preparing students for a future we cannot clearly describe.” - David Warlickhttp://communications.nottingham.ac.uk/podcasts/
    • 19. “In a time of drastic change it is the learners who inherit the future. The learned usually find themselves equipped to live in a world that no longer exists.”Are there new Literacies- and if so, what are they? -- Eric Hoffer, Reflections on
    • 20. Play — the capacity to experiment with one’s surroundings as a form of problem-solvingPerformance — the ability to adopt alternative identities for the purpose ofimprovisation and discoverySimulation — the ability to interpret and construct dynamic models of real-worldprocessesAppropriation — the ability to meaningfully sample and remix media contentMultitasking — the ability to scan one’s environment and shift focus as needed tosalient details.Distributed Cognition — the ability to interact meaningfully with tools thatexpand mental capacities.
    • 21. Collective Intelligence — the ability to pool knowledge and compare notes withothers toward a common goalJudgment — the ability to evaluate the reliability and credibility of differentinformation sourcesTransmedia Navigation — the ability to follow the flow of stories andinformation across multiple modalitiesNetworking — the ability to search for, synthesize, and disseminate informationNegotiation — the ability to travel across diverse communities, discerning andrespecting multiple perspectives, and grasping and following alternative norms..
    • 22. What does it mean to work in a participatory 2.0 world?Reflection
    • 23. LearningOne-on-one Classroom community 27
    • 24. Professional development needs• THE CONNECTED EDUCATOR to change. We know this. A revolution in technology has transformed the way we can find each other, interact, and collaborate to create knowledge as connected learners.
    • 25. Do it Yourself PDA revolution in technology has transformed the waywe can find each other, interact, and collaborate tocreate knowledge as connected learners.What are connected learners?Learners who collaborate online; learners who usesocial media to connect with others around the globe;learners who engage in conversations in safe onlinespaces; learners who bring what they learn online backto their classrooms, schools, and districts.
    • 26. Learner First---Educator SecondIt is a shift and requires us to rethink who weare as an educator. It requires us to redefineourselves.Think AboutWhat does that mean to you– learner first?What does it look like in the classroom or ina position of leadership? Why is it importantin today’s world?
    • 27. http://bit.ly/QSqfjI
    • 28. Be a learner first--educator second• Its all about asking hard questions and then listening deeply• A connected learner isn’t afraid to admit that they don’t know the answerto a question or problem, and willingly invite others into a dialogue toexplore, discuss, debate, or generate more questions. (@barb_english)• Asking our questions out in the open in connected ways @lisaneale• I believe that being a connected learner leads to more questions thananswers and that is good. I also believe that connected learners have tolearn to take risks - exposing your learning and thoughts can be challenging@ccoffa• Lurkers become learners. Learners become contributors. @sjhayes8
    • 29. Community is built through the co-construction of knowledgeBE collaborative. Own it. Share with others.nvest in personal knowledge building so what you share with otherswill be of value.The power of connections leads to collective efficacy, collective wisdomand long standing collective intelligenceConnected learners talk to strangers. We do not have to know thepeople with whom we are co-learning, co-constructing, co-creating.Do you know--what who you know--knows? Leverage collectivewisdom.Innovation comes from wildly diverse experiences and looseconnections
    • 30. • THE CONNECTED EDUCATOR
    • 31. • THE CONNECTED EDUCATOR
    • 32. Dispositions and ValuesCommitment to understanding Dedication to theasking good questions ongoing development of expertiseExplores ideas and concepts,rethinking, revising, and Shares and contributescontinuously repacks and unpacks,resistingurges to finish prematurely Engages in strength-based approaches and appreciative inquiryCo-learner, Co-leader, Co-creator Demonstrates mindfulnessSelf directed, open minded Willingness to leaving ones comfortCommits to deep reflection zone to experiment with new strategies and taking on new responsibilitiesTransparent in thinkingValues and engages in a culture ofcollegiality
    • 33. Meet the new model for professionaldevelopment: • THE CONNECTED EDUCATORConnected Learning CommunitiesIn CLCs educators have several ways toconnect and collaborate:• F2F learning communities (PLCs)• Personal learning networks (PLNs)• Communities of practice or inquiry(CoPs)
    • 34. 1. Local community: Purposeful, face-to-faceconnections among members of a committed group—a professional learning community (PLC) • THE CONNECTED EDUCATOR2. Global network: Individually chosen, onlineconnections with a diverse collection of people andresources from around the world—a personal learningnetwork (PLN)3. Bounded community: A committed, collective, andoften global group of individuals who haveoverlapping interests and recognize a need forconnections that go deeper than the personal learningnetwork or the professional learning community canprovide—a community of practice or inquiry (CoP)
    • 35. Professional Personal Learning Communities of Learning Networks Practice CommunitiesMethod Often organized for Do-it-yourself Educators organize • THE CONNECTED EDUCATOR teachers it themselvesPurpose To collaborate in For individuals to Collective subject area or gather info for knowledge building grade leverl teams personal knowledge around shared around tasks construction and to interests and goals. bring back info to the communityStructure Team/group Individual, face to Collective, face to F2f face, and online face, or onlineFocus Student Personal growth Systemic achievement improvement
    • 36. Community is the New Professional DevelopmentCochran-Smith and Lytle (1999a) describe three ways of knowing and constructingknowledge…Knowledge for Practice is often reflected in traditional PD efforts when a trainer shareswith teachers information produced by educational researchers. This knowledge presumesa commonly accepted degree of correctness about what is being shared. The learner istypically passive in this kind of "sit and get" experience. This kind of knowledge isdifficult for teachers to transfer to classrooms without support and follow through. After aworkshop, much of what was useful gets lost in the daily grind, pressures and isolation ofteaching.Knowledge in Practice recognizes the importance of teacher experience and practicalknowledge in improving classroom practice. As a teacher tests out new strategies andassimilates them into teaching routines they construct knowledge in practice. They learnby doing. This knowledge is strengthened when teachers reflect and share with oneanother lessons learned during specific teaching sessions and describe the tacitknowledge embedded in their experiences.
    • 37. Community is the New Professional DevelopmentKnowledge of Practice believes that systematic inquiry where teachers createknowledge as they focus on raising questions about and systematically studyingtheir own classroom teaching practices collaboratively, allows educators toconstruct knowledge of practice in ways that move beyond the basics ofclassroom practice to a more systemic view of learning.I believe that by attending to the development of knowledge for, in and ofpractice, we can enhance professional growth that leads to real change.Cochran-Smith, M., & Lytle, S.L. (1999a). Relationships of knowledge andpractice: Teaching learning in communities. Review of Research in Education,24, 249-305. Passive, active, and reflective knowledge building in local (PLC), global (CoP) and contextual (PLN) learning spaces.
    • 38. Whatis community, really?
    • 39. Virtual CommunityA virtual space supported bycomputer-based informationtechnology, centered uponcommunication and interactionof participants to generatemember-driven content,resulting in relationships beingbuilt up. (Lee & Vogel, 2003)
    • 40. A Definition of CommunityCommunities are quite simply, collections ofindividuals who are bound together by naturalwill and a set of shared ideas and ideals.―A system in which people can enter into relationsthat are determined by problems or sharedambitions rather than by rules or structure.‖(Heckscher, 1994, p. 24).The process of social learning that occurs when people who have acommon interest in some subject or problem collaborate over anextended period to share ideas, find solutions, and build innovations.(Wikipedia)
    • 41. A Place to Build Trust and Relationships
    • 42. A Domain of Interest
    • 43. A Place to Meet
    • 44. A Place to Construct Knowledge Collaboratively
    • 45. Celebration Celebration
    • 46. A Community of Practice is a network of individuals with common problems or interests who get together to explore ways of working, identify common solutions, and share good practice and ideas.• puts you in touch with like-minded colleagues and peers• allows you to share your experiences and learn from others• allows you to collaborate and achieve common outcomes• accelerates your learning• Improves student achievement• validates and builds on existing knowledge and good practice• provides the opportunity to innovate and create new ideas
    • 47. Members of an Active Community transactional lurkers peripheral occasional experts active core beginners leaders group facilitator outsiders
    • 48. Degrees of Transparency and TrustJoin our list Join our forum Join our community Increasing collaboration and transparency of process
    • 49. Looking Closely at Learning Community Design4L Model (Linking, Lurking, Learning, and Leading)inspired by John Seeley Brownhttp://learningcircuits.blogspot.com/2006/06/roles-in-cops.html This model is developed around the roles and interactions members of a community have as participants in that community.
    • 50. Helping Best Practice Knowledge Innovation Communities Communities Stewarding Communities CommunitiesDrivers Lower cost through Lower cost through Professional Tracks shifting reuse standardisation development trends Social responsibility Consistency of Transforming and project Reforming education Improves outcomes Designed to evolveActivities Connecting Collecting, Enlisting leading Share insights members Vetting experts Development of Knowledge who’s Publishing Manage content new Policy who Portal  Attend Webinars Co-Creation of Share Resources contentStructure Problem solving Index and store Individuals Loose governance Sub committees Best practice Established leaders Community leadersand roles Publishing Teams Teams Emergent rolesReward for Sense of belonging Desire for Shift in knowledge Passion for the Assistance to daily improvement and understanding topicparticipation work Professional Web 2.0 pedagogy development Connections and PLN
    • 51. A Definition of NetworksFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaNetworks are created through publishing and sharing ideas andconnecting with others who share passions around those ideas wholearn from each other.Networked learning is a process of developing and maintainingconnections with people and information, and communicating insuch a way so as to support one anothers learning.Connectivism (theory of learning in networks) is the use of anetwork with nodes and connections as a central metaphor forlearning. In this metaphor, a node is anything that can be connectedto another node: information, data, feelings, images. Learning is theprocess of creating connections and developing a network.
    • 52. Connected LearningThe computer connects the learner to the rest of the worldLearning occurs through connections with other learnersLearning is based on conversation and interaction Stephen Downes
    • 53. Connected Learner ScaleShare (Publish & Participate) –Connect (Comment andCooperate) –Remixing (building on theideas of others) –Collaborate (Co-construction ofknowledge and meaning) –Collective Action (Social Justice, Activism, ServiceLearning) –
    • 54. “Understanding hownetworks work is one ofthe most importantliteracies of the 21stCentury.”- Howard Rheingold http://www.ischool.berkeley.edu
    • 55. Knowledge Construction Practitioners’ knowledge = content &
    • 56. In connectivism, learning involves creating connections and developing anetwork. It is a theory for the digital age drawing upon chaos, emergent properties, and self organized learning.
    • 57. Professional LearningCommunities The driving engine of the collaborative culture of a PLC is the team. They work together in an ongoing effort to discover best practices and to expand their professional expertise. PLCs are our best hope for reculturing schools. We want to focus on shifting from a culture of teacher isolation to a culture of deep and meaningful collaboration. FOCUS: Local , F2F, Job-embedded- in Real Time
    • 58. By: Stephen Barkley Big Idea #1- ―The professional learning community model flows from the assumption that the core mission of formal education is not simply to ensure that students are taught but to ensure that they learn. This simple shift– from a focus on teaching to a focus on learning– has profound implications for schools.” Big Idea #2 - ―Educators who are building a professional learning community recognize that they must work together to achieve their collective purpose of learning for all. Therefore, they create structures to promote a collaborative culture.‖ Big Idea #3 - ―Professional Learning Communities judge their effectiveness on a basis of results. Working together to improve student achievement becomes the routine work of everyone in the school. Every teacher-team participates in an ongoing process of identifying the current level of student achievement, establishing a goal to improve the current level, working together to achieve that goal, and providing periodic evidence of progress.”
    • 59. Professional Learning Teams
    • 60. Personal LearningNetworksFOCUS: Individual, Connecting to Learning Objects, Resourcesand People – Social Network Driven
    • 61. responsiveresponsive
    • 62. personalized
    • 63. investing in collaborations
    • 64. Dynamics of Different Network Types Community of Project Teams Informal networks PracticePurpose Learning Accomplish specific Communication Sharing task flows Creating KnowledgeBoundary Knowledge domain Assigned projector Networking, task resource building and establishing relationshipsConnections Common application Commitment to goal Interpersonal or discovery- acquaintances innovationMembership Semi - permanent Constant for a fixed Links made based period on needs of the individualTime scale As long as it adds Fixed ends when No pre-engineered value to the its project deliverables end members have been
    • 65. Do it Yourself PD as CommunitiesSelf Directed Of PracticeConnected Learners DIY-PD Personal Learning Networks F2F Teams"Rather than belittling or showing disdain for knowledge or expertise,DIY champions the average individual seeking knowledge andexpertise for him/herself. Instead of using the services of others whohave expertise, a DIY oriented person would seek out the knowledgefor him/herself." (Wikipedia, n.d.)
    • 66. Connection CollaborationCelebration Communication Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010 User Generated Co- created Content
    • 67. Attributes of a healthy online community
    • 68. Healthy communities are collaborative,co-created and designed withevolution in mind.
    • 69. Your community’s life-cycle Sustain/RenewLevel of energy Grow and visibility Start-up Close Plan Discover/ Incubate/ Focus/ Ownership/ Let go/ Time imagine deliver expand openness remember value Forming Storming Norming Performing
    • 70. “A tribe needs aInternet tribes shared interest and a way to communicate.”“Twitter and blogs ... cc Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010contribute an entirelynew dimension ofwhat it means to be apart of a tribe. Thereal power of tribeshas nothing to do withthe Internet andeverything to do withpeople.”
    • 71. The New Third Place? “All great societies provide informal meeting places, like the Forum in ancient Rome or a contemporary English pub. But since World War II, America has ceased doing so. The neighborhood tavern hasnt followed the middle class out to the suburbs...” -- Ray Oldenburg
    • 72. Motivations • Social connectedness • Psychological well-being • Gratification • Collective Efficacy
    • 73. Kollock’s 4 Motivations for Contributing1. Reciprocity2. Reputation3. Increased sense of efficacy4. Attachment to and need of a group
    • 74. The SocialWeb is builthere, fromlove andesteem
    • 75. Connected Learning Communities provide the personallearning environment (PLE) to do the nudging
    • 76. Simple (hard) Steps• Have a compelling idea• Seed• Someone must live on the site – Community manager or you• Make the rules clear (and short)• Punish swiftly and nicely• Reward contributions• Spread the work out• Adapt to Community Norms• Apologize publicly, swiftly and frequently• Simple good software that grows with group
    • 77. Change is hard
    • 78. Connected learners are more effective change agents
    • 79. Let’s just admit it…You are an agent ofchange!Now. Always. And nowyou have the tools toleverage your ideas.
    • 80. An effective changeagent is someonewho isn’t afraid tochange course.
    • 81. Real Question is this:Are we willing to change- to risk change- to meet theneeds of the precious folks we serve?Can you accept that Change (with a ―big‖ C) issometimes a messy process and that learning new thingstogether is going to require some tolerance for ambiguity.
    • 82. Last Generation
    • 83. "The greatest danger in times of turbulence is notthe turbulence. It is to act with yesterdays logic."- Peter Drucker Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2010 http://pixdaus.com

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