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  • 1. Promoting gender-sensitive entrepreneurship via microfinance institutions Una Murray FAO, March 8 th 2005
    • This presentation will probably involve audience discussion, which will create action items. Use PowerPoint to keep track of these action items during your presentation
    • In Slide Show, click on the right mouse button
    • Select “Meeting Minder”
    • Select the “Action Items” tab
    • Type in action items as they come up
    • Click OK to dismiss this box
    • This will automatically create an Action Item slide at the end of your presentation with your points entered.
  • 2. Gender sensitivity in MFIs consider…
    • Whether programmes, policies and services are appropriate
    • Gender issues in the actual organisational structure
  • 3. HIV/AIDS and MFIs consider…
    • Whether programmes, policies and service are appropriate in HIV/AIDS prevalent areas
    • HIV/AIDS within the workplace & policies for dealing with HIV/AIDS
  • 4. Gender sensitive what does it mean?
    • Puts the onus on the MFI itself
    • How diff. affect entrepreneurial activities
    • Relative business conditions of wo/men
    • A focus also on women “catching up”
    • Acknowledge gender based diff.
      • E.g. home based, family labour, start smaller, network, lacking different skills
  • 5. Promoting gender sensitive entrepreneurship
    • The approach must suit culture – e.g. Buddhist philosophy, Islamic banking principles
    • Remember women clients not all the same- different needs for different categories of women e.g Philippines
    • Aim to ensure needs, constraints & concerns are addressed in service delivery -listening skills
    • Working in HIV area – which products?
    • Still should be a strong emphasis on women’s access to services
  • 6.
    • Build confidence to diversify products, study tours
    • Strength groups, networks, negotiation, quality control, discussing business ideas, registration….
    • Involve in decision making processes in MFI – quotas? rotating committee members of MFI?
    • Which skills are required for committee members? book-keeping, time saving
    • Evening sessions more suitable for women? Or men?
    Promoting gender sensitive entrepreneurship
  • 7. Monitoring progress E.g. balanced score card women’s involvement 1 of 10 KPIs
  • 8.
      • Commitment of MFI leadership is key
      • Attitude + mentality shift – how do staff view typical client (e.g. APB Lao & mini-hatcheries)
      • Observe gender differences
      • Short gender sensitisation sessions effective
      • Sensitising sessions on HIV (DAI)
      • Stress improvements in service delivery when staff are gender aware.
    Mainstreaming gender without a paddle! Sensitivity of MFI staff
  • 9. Simple gender(or HIV) policy statement
    • Link with national commitments
    • What MFI aims to achieve and why
    • Strategies to implement policy
      • Sex disagg data + analysis
      • Representation of women
      • Emphasis on non-traditional business ideas
      • Provide linkages to BDS
    • Clear outputs e.g.
      • Increasing satisfaction with service provision by both women & men
      • Improved ratios of staff in mgt
  • 10. Gender sensitive language in communications
    • Powerful tool for describing reality
    • Communicates..to all involved down the line
      • ‘ neutral terms’ youth, end users, farmer.. “& women” at end of list?
    • Regular updates, bulletins, short case studies sent out to staff
    • Clearly identify in publications as a gender/HIV sensitive institution
  • 11.
    • Acknowledge difficulty MF officers face to reach targets & also work on other social issues
    • Clear job descriptions are required, specify gender analysis skills required, link to performance appraisal
    • Use female MFI officers where appropriate
    • New positions & induction into the culture of the MFI
    Creating a gender sensitive culture within MFI
  • 12.
      • MFI strives to be $ sustainable => limited resources for staff training, data analysis…
      • Offset against being a dynamic learning organisation
      • Depends on donors & their commitment to monitoring gender issues
      • Consider costs of info; plan carefully; how will info be used? Who will do analysis?
      • Link to other service providers IMAGE
    Financial resources for promotion gender sensitive MF
  • 13. Sharing good practices
    • Showcase women who were successful when given opportunities
    • MF has shown that women are effective managers in MFIs
    • Share lessons learned
  • 14. Thank you Happy International Women’s Day!