METROLOGY
“



    When you can measure what you are
    speaking about, and express it in numbers,
    you know something about it:...
Metrology
 Metrology is
 “The science of measurement” Used to
  communicate about :
  Size
  Quantity
  Position
  Time
 ...
Why Measure
 If you can’t measure it:
 You can’t make it

 If you can’t measure it:
 You can’t control it
 You can’t manag...
Measurement Errors

All Dimensional Measurements =
       Actual Size +/- Errors
Measurement errors must be controlled

Er...
Sources of Measurement Errors
   Part
   Operator
   Instruments
   Standard
   Environment
Ten-To-One Rule
If
Part Tolerance = 0.01”
Then
Gage Discrimination =0.001”
Calipers – The Original Transfer
Instruments
Types of Calipers
Simple Caliper Instruments
Types of Calipers
Line of Measurement-
Outside Caliper
Line of Measurement-
Outside Caliper
Line of Measurement
    - Inside Caliper
The Combination Square


   This is one of the most useful of
    the steel rule variations. It is
    rarely used in any...
The Combination Square
 The combination square consists of a blade and a
  square head. The most popular is 4 inches long.
Square Head
1. It provides a right angle reference
2. It provides a means for transferring
   either the measured point or...
Square Head
Depth Measurement
Protractor Head
 It provides a
  convenient means
  for checking angles
  no closer than 1°. Its
  chief advantages are
 ...
Center Head
 In contrast to the
  steel rule method for
  measuring diameters,
  the center head
  method is far more
  r...
Center Head
 For layout purposes the
 center head provides on
 of the most satisfactory
 methods for finding the
 centers ...
Vernier Caliper
Vernier Reading
    The Reading steps are as follows

1.   Read the number of whole inches one the main scale that appear...
Vernier Reading
Advantages and Disadvantages of
Vernier Scales
Practices
Mee344 Metrology Lab 1
Mee344 Metrology Lab 1
Mee344 Metrology Lab 1
Mee344 Metrology Lab 1
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Mee344 Metrology Lab 1

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Mee344 Metrology Lab 1

  1. 1. METROLOGY
  2. 2. “ When you can measure what you are speaking about, and express it in numbers, you know something about it: but when you cannot measure it, when your cannot express it in numbers your knowledge is of a meagre and unsatisfactory kind;…” Lord Kelvin, 1883
  3. 3. Metrology  Metrology is “The science of measurement” Used to communicate about : Size Quantity Position Time Etc.
  4. 4. Why Measure If you can’t measure it: You can’t make it If you can’t measure it: You can’t control it You can’t manage it You can’t improve it
  5. 5. Measurement Errors All Dimensional Measurements = Actual Size +/- Errors Measurement errors must be controlled Error = The difference between the actual size and the measured size
  6. 6. Sources of Measurement Errors  Part  Operator  Instruments  Standard  Environment
  7. 7. Ten-To-One Rule If Part Tolerance = 0.01” Then Gage Discrimination =0.001”
  8. 8. Calipers – The Original Transfer Instruments
  9. 9. Types of Calipers Simple Caliper Instruments
  10. 10. Types of Calipers
  11. 11. Line of Measurement- Outside Caliper
  12. 12. Line of Measurement- Outside Caliper
  13. 13. Line of Measurement - Inside Caliper
  14. 14. The Combination Square  This is one of the most useful of the steel rule variations. It is rarely used in any kind of production inspection. However, it is used universally in tool and die making, pattern making, model and prototype work, and for machine setup.
  15. 15. The Combination Square  The combination square consists of a blade and a square head. The most popular is 4 inches long.
  16. 16. Square Head 1. It provides a right angle reference 2. It provides a means for transferring either the measured point or the reference point for the work to the rule.
  17. 17. Square Head Depth Measurement
  18. 18. Protractor Head  It provides a convenient means for checking angles no closer than 1°. Its chief advantages are convenience and rugged construction.
  19. 19. Center Head  In contrast to the steel rule method for measuring diameters, the center head method is far more reliable.
  20. 20. Center Head For layout purposes the center head provides on of the most satisfactory methods for finding the centers of shafts.
  21. 21. Vernier Caliper
  22. 22. Vernier Reading  The Reading steps are as follows 1. Read the number of whole inches one the main scale that appear to the left of 0 on the vernier. 2. Read the highest numbered graduation on the main scale that lies to the right of the index(0) on the vernier scale. Read these graduations as even one hundred mil(0.100, 0.200, etc). 3. Read the highest number of whole minor divisions to the right of the index. Read these graduations as even twenty-five mil (0.000,0.025,0.050 and 0.075 in.). Add to the sum of steps one and two (1.125,1.150 in., etc.). 4. Now find the vernier graduation that most perfectly coincides with any graduation on the main scale. That is the nearest mil and may be any whole number from zero to 25(0.000, 0.001, ….0.024,0.025). Add this to the sum of the previous three steps.
  23. 23. Vernier Reading
  24. 24. Advantages and Disadvantages of Vernier Scales
  25. 25. Practices
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