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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome


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  • 1. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Sammantha Ashley SPED 3000
  • 2. Definition: • Fetal alcohol syndrome is growth, mental, and physical problems that may occur in a baby when a mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy. • In the United States, alcohol is the leading known preventable cause of birth defects, both physical and developmental. • Many women drink alcohol while pregnant. It is estimated that each year in the US, 1 in every 750 infants are born with FAS, while another 40,000 are born with fetal alcohol effects (FAE).
  • 3. The Different Types of FASD’s: • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS):  FAS represents the severe end of the FASD spectrum. Fetal death is the most extreme outcome from drinking alcohol during pregnancy. People with FAS might have abnormal facial features, growth problems, and central nervous system (CNS) problems. People with FAS can have problems with learning, memory, attention span, communication, vision, or hearing. They may have one or more of these problems. This is one of the number one causes for mental retardation. • Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND): People with ARND might have intellectual disabilities and problems with behavior and learning. They might do poorly in school and have difficulties with math, memory, attention, judgment, and poor impulse control. • Alcohol-Related Birth Defects (ARBD):  People with ARBD might have problems with the heart, kidneys, or bones or with hearing. They might have a mix of these. 
  • 4. FACTS: • • • There is no specific age group because FAS can not only effect infants, but it can effect them for this entire life. Children that have Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE) or ARND normally are undiagnosed because they don’t have any type of physical symptoms or no developmental delays, they just seem stubborn and belligerent. fetal-alcohol-syndrome/g6ls5kmhd9ajamefskh85ca0
  • 5. Signs & Symptoms: • • • • • • • • • • • • Low Birth weight Small head Circumference Failure to thrive Developmental delay Organ dysfunction Epilepsy Poor coordination/fine motor skills Poor socialization skills, building and maintaining friendships Lack of imagination or curiosity Learning difficulties, including poor memory, inability to understand concepts such as time and money, poor language comprehension, poor problem-solving skills Behavioral problems Facial abnormalities, including smaller eye openings, flattened cheek bones, and indistinct philtrum (an underdeveloped groove between the nose and upper lip)
  • 6. Treatment Options: • There's no cure or specific treatment for fetal alcohol syndrome. The physical defects and mental deficiencies typically persist for a lifetime. Heart abnormalities may require surgery. Learning problems may be helped by special services in school. Parents often benefit from counseling to help the family with a child's behavioral problem.
  • 7. How do teachers cope with children with FASD (Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder)? • • • • For the teacher to be able to recognize when a student with FASD is getting overwhelmed, the teacher must work with the parents to know the signs. The students with FASD most of the time need more one-on-one (teachers aide) help to master the material they are being given. The teachers must realize that students with FASD get frustrated very easily and that they need to try not to get frustrated at the student. The teacher needs to understand that the student gets easily over stimulated. Reward for good behavior, don’t punish for bad because they live by the moment and don’t understand because they learn from mistakes.
  • 8. References: • • ml • • • 001909/#adam_000911.disease.causes • Google Images
  • 9. References: • • ml • • • 001909/#adam_000911.disease.causes • Google Images