(NBFCs) Non Banking Finance Companies - By Aditya Agarwal


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This is a small presentation on NBFCs, i have mentioned all about NBFCs in a short basis in order to get an overall view of the topic.

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(NBFCs) Non Banking Finance Companies - By Aditya Agarwal

  1. 1. “ Non-Banking Finance Companies”
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Services Provided by NBFCs </li></ul><ul><li>Classification of NBFCs </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of NBFCs </li></ul><ul><li>Role of NBFCs </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Non-Banking Financial Companies are very important. </li></ul><ul><li>NBFCs are financial intermediaries engaged primarily in the business of accepting deposits delivering credit. </li></ul><ul><li>They play an important role in channelising the scarce financial resources to capital formation. </li></ul><ul><li>NBFCs supplement the role of banking sector in meeting the increasing financial needs of the corporate sector, delivering credit to the unorganized sector and to small local borrowers. </li></ul><ul><li>All NBFCs are under direct control of RBI in India. </li></ul>
  4. 4. NBFCs - Definition NBFCs are defined as, Non-Banking financial company (NBFC), Which is a loan company or an investment company or a hire purchase company or an equipment leasing company or a mutual benefit finance company.
  5. 5. Services <ul><li>NBFCs provide a wide range of services such as, </li></ul><ul><li>A Hire purchase </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment lease finance </li></ul><ul><li>Loans and investments </li></ul><ul><li>Due to the rapid growth of NBFCs and a wide variety of services provided by them, there has been a gradual confusion between Banks and NBFCs except that commercial banks have the authority to issue cheques. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Classification of NBFCs <ul><li>Equipment Leasing Company </li></ul><ul><li>Hire Purchase Company </li></ul><ul><li>Investment Company </li></ul><ul><li>Loan Company </li></ul><ul><li>Miscellaneous Non-Banking Companies </li></ul>
  7. 7. (Continued…) <ul><li>Equipment Leasing Company </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment Leasing Company means the company which is a financial institution carrying on the activity of leasing of equipments as its main business. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hire Purchase Company <ul><li>It is a company which is a financial institution carrying on its main activity as hire purchase transactions or the financing of such transactions. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Investment Company <ul><li>It means a company which is a financial institution carrying on as its main business of the acquisition of securities. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Loan Company <ul><li>It means any company which is a financial institution carrying on as its main business by providing finance whether by making loans or advances. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Miscellaneous Non-Banking Companies <ul><li>Miscellaneous Non-Banking Companies are the companies engaged in the chit fund business. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Overview Of NBFC Sector <ul><li>NBFCs have seen considerable business model shift over last decade because of regulatory environment and market dynamics. </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of NBFCs were not able to face the pressure created on, and were wiped out. </li></ul><ul><li>However, since 2001-2002, there has been significant improvement in the business model of existing NBFCs. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Continued… <ul><li>In the early 2000s, the NBFC sector in India was facing following problems: </li></ul><ul><li>High cost of Funds </li></ul><ul><li>Slow industrial growth </li></ul><ul><li>Stiff competition with NBFCs as well as with banking sector </li></ul><ul><li>Small balance sheet size resulting in high cost of fund and low asset profile </li></ul><ul><li>Non performing assets </li></ul>
  14. 14. Role of NBFCs <ul><li>As recognized by RBI and expert committees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of sectors like Transport & Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Substantial employment generation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help & increase wealth creation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broad base economic development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irreplaceable supplement to bank credit in rural segments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>major thrust on semi-urban, rural areas & first time buyers / users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To finance economically weaker sections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Huge contribution to the State exchequer </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Role of NBFCs (Contd...) <ul><li>70-80% of Commercial Vehicles are finance driven </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian economy is more dependent on roads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heavy Govt. outlay for mega road projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heavy replacement demand anticipated – 30 lacs commercial vehicles by the year 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Another Rs.6000 Crores required for phasing out old commercial vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CRISIL in its study has placed commercial vehicle financing under “low risk” category </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each commercial vehicle manufactured, sold and financed gives employment to minimum 20 persons (direct and indirect) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Other Customer Services <ul><li>NBFCs provide financial assistance to their borrowers in case of emergency needs </li></ul><ul><li>NBFCs provide assistance and guidance to their customers in matters relating to insurance </li></ul>
  18. 18. Thank You …