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  1. 1. Youth For Seva
  2. 2. BLOOD DONATION By: Pallavi Kamat Volunteer, Youth For Seva
  3. 3. What is Blood Donation? <ul><li>- Blood donation is the process by which a person voluntarily allows his blood to be drawn. </li></ul><ul><li>- This blood is stored, and used to save lives of many patients, as part of various medical and surgical settings. </li></ul><ul><li>- A clear procedure exists for taking blood from each donor. Sterility is maintained at all steps. A sterile, new needle is used for each donation and is then properly discarded. </li></ul><ul><li>- Use of sterile equipment and technique prevents the chance of infection. </li></ul><ul><li>The time taken for a single donation session is about one hour. </li></ul><ul><li>One unit of blood is 350ml. </li></ul><ul><li>This blood will be replaced by your body in 24 to 48 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Race and caste have no importance in blood donation. It is the blood type and blood group that is of importance. </li></ul><ul><li>You will NOT get AIDS or any other disease by donating blood. </li></ul>
  4. 4. SOME FACTS ABOUT BLOOD <ul><li>Blood is the life-maintaining fluid that circulates through the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Blood carries the body’s nourishment, and oxygen. </li></ul><ul><li>Blood carries away from the body waste matter and carbon dioxide. </li></ul><ul><li>Blood fights against infection and helps heal wounds, keeping you healthy. </li></ul><ul><li>Blood makes up about 7% of your body's weight . </li></ul><ul><li>Red blood cells carry oxygen to the body's organs and tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Blood contains white blood cells are the body's defence against infection. </li></ul><ul><li>There are about one billion red blood cells in two to three drops of blood. </li></ul><ul><li>Red blood cells live about 120 days in the circulatory system. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why Should I Donate Blood? <ul><li>Blood is the living fluid that all life is based on. </li></ul><ul><li>Blood is composed of 60% liquid part and 40% solid part. </li></ul><ul><li>The liquid part called plasma is easily replenished by food, medicines, etc. But the solid part that contains blood cells, takes a lot of valuable time to be replaced if lost. </li></ul><ul><li>The time taken by a patient’s body to replace the blood volume could lead to death. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes the body might not be in a condition to replace it at all. </li></ul><ul><li>This means only YOU can save a life that needs blood. </li></ul><ul><li>Every year India requires 40 million units of 250cc blood out of which ONLY 500,000 blood units are available . </li></ul><ul><li>Thus there is a VERY HIGH requirement of blood and blood donors. </li></ul>
  6. 6. - Every year there is a shortage of 4 lakh blood units. - Bangalore city alone faces the shortage of 1.5 lakh units. - Every day in Bangalore there is a requirement of 2 to 2500 units of blood. - ACCIDENT COUNT IS IN INCREASING ORDER WHILE BLOOD IS DECREASING. - Within a short time after an accident, the necessary blood should be provided. - Many times there have been deaths because of shortage of required blood group. - Donors should come forward voluntarily to donate blood. - Dr Raju Chandrashekar from Red Cross Society says, “Donating blood improves your health , it does not spoil health.”
  7. 7. <ul><li>Every 2 seconds someone needs blood. </li></ul><ul><li>Your blood helps more than one life at a time. </li></ul><ul><li>Accident victims, premature babies, patients undergoing major surgeries etc. require blood, so your blood will be used directly after testing. </li></ul><ul><li>Blood is needed at regular intervals </li></ul><ul><li>Blood can be stored for about 42 days </li></ul>Who Needs Blood?
  8. 8. Who Can Donate Blood? <ul><li>Any healthy person above 18 years </li></ul><ul><li>Weight more than 50 kgs </li></ul><ul><li>Not suffering from infectious diseases like HIV, Hepatitis B etc. </li></ul><ul><li>You can donate blood once in 3 months. </li></ul><ul><li>You should not take any medicine for 48 hours before donating blood . </li></ul><ul><li>You should not have suffered from jaundice or malaria for the past 3 years . </li></ul>
  9. 9. IF YOU ARE GOING TO DONATE BLOOD: <ul><li>Have a good meal at least 3 hours before donating blood. </li></ul><ul><li>Accept the snacks offered to you after the donation, it is very important to eat something. </li></ul><ul><li>Have a good meal later. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid smoking on the day before donating. You can smoke 3 hours after donation. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not consume alcohol for 48 hours BEFORE donation, and 24 hours AFTER donation. </li></ul>
  10. 10. MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT BLOOD DONATION: <ul><li>(1) &quot;I will feel drained and tired after donating&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>NO. You will not feel drained or tired if you continue to drink fluids and have a good meal. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) &quot;I cannot resume normal activities&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>YES YOU CAN. You can resume all your normal activities, after 2-3 hours rest. </li></ul><ul><li>(3) &quot;I will have low blood&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>-NO. You will be donating only a small amount of the total volume of blood in your body. </li></ul><ul><li>(4) &quot;I can't take alcohol&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>-ONLY FOR 24 HOURS. You can take alcohol the next day. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>(5) &quot;It will be painful while donating&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>NO, you will not feel any pain while giving blood. </li></ul><ul><li>(6) &quot;I will feel dizzy and may faint&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>-NO. You will not faint or feel uncomfortable after donating blood. </li></ul><ul><li>(7) &quot;I may get AIDS!&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>NO! The staff will make sure that DISPOSABLE SYRINGES are used and all measures are taken to keep you free from infection. </li></ul><ul><li>(8) &quot;My blood is common. I don't think there will be demand for it&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>-WRONG. In India there is very high requirement of all blood types. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Common Causes for Not Donating Blood <ul><li>Fear of the needle </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of pain </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of sight of blood </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of future weakness </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of possible side effects </li></ul><ul><li>Objection from parents or elders </li></ul><ul><li>Social taboo </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorance and illiteracy </li></ul><ul><li>Inconvenience due to location and timing of blood collection </li></ul>