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Verb to-be

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  • 1. Verb To BeVerb To Be
  • 2. Subject PronounsSubject Pronouns SingularSingular PluralPlural First PersonFirst Person II WeWe SecondSecond PersonPerson YouYou YouYou Third PersonThird Person HeHe SheShe ItIt TheyThey
  • 3. Remember…Remember…  YouYou can be singular or pluralcan be singular or plural SingularSingular Hi,Hi, JaneJane. How are. How are youyou?? PluralPlural Hi,Hi, Mom and DadMom and Dad. How are. How are youyou??  They is the plural form of he, she, and it:They is the plural form of he, she, and it: Dan and TomDan and Tom are tall.are tall. TheyThey are tallare tall Sara and JessicaSara and Jessica are friends.are friends. TheyThey are friends.are friends. The booksThe books are new.are new. TheyThey are new.are new.
  • 4. Subject PronounsSubject Pronouns  Subject PronounsSubject Pronouns take the place of subjecttake the place of subject nounsnouns HeHe TheyThey Antonio is late. Antonio and Dan are late.Antonio is late. Antonio and Dan are late.  Use IT for the time, the day, the date, and the weather:Use IT for the time, the day, the date, and the weather: Time:Time: ITIT is 5:30 pmis 5:30 pm Day:Day: ITIT is Mondayis Monday Date:Date: ITIT is October 6is October 6 Weather:Weather: ITIT is cold.is cold.
  • 5. Present Tense of TOPresent Tense of TO BEBE SingularSingular PluralPlural FirstFirst PersonPerson II I amI am a teachera teacher We areWe are teachersteachers SecondSecond PersonPerson YouYou You areYou are a studenta student You areYou are studentsstudents ThirdThird PersonPerson HeHe SheShe ItIt He/She/It isHe/She/It is in thein the classclass They areThey are inin the classthe class
  • 6. Affirmative StatementsAffirmative Statements with BEwith BE  TheThe SubjectSubject of a sentence is a noun or aof a sentence is a noun or a pronoun:pronoun: Noun SubjectNoun Subject AlanAlan is here.is here. The mapsThe maps are here.are here. Pronoun SubjectPronoun Subject HeHe is here.is here. TheyThey are here.are here.
  • 7. Remember!Remember!  Use a subject pronoun OR a subjectUse a subject pronoun OR a subject noun. DO NOT USE BOTH!noun. DO NOT USE BOTH! The city is big. The city it is big.The city is big. The city it is big.  Use a form of BE.Use a form of BE. II amam from Montreal.from Montreal. NOT: I from MontrealNOT: I from Montreal
  • 8. Negative StatementsNegative Statements with BEwith BE Word order:Word order: SubjectSubject ++ am / is / aream / is / are ++ notnot SingularSingular PluralPlural II am notam not at home.at home. WeWe are notare not at home.at home. YouYou are notare not late.late. YouYou are notare not late.late. HeHe is notis not from France.from France. SheShe is notis not from France.from France. ItIt is notis not from France.from France. TheyThey are notare not from France.from France.
  • 9. Yes and No QuestionsYes and No Questions with BEwith BE Word order:Word order: Am / is / areAm / is / are ++ subjectsubject ++ …… QuestionsQuestions Short AnswersShort Answers Am I lateAm I late Are we in Room A206Are we in Room A206 Is Dan happy?Is Dan happy? Are Dan and Tom at school?Are Dan and Tom at school? Is Paterson big?Is Paterson big? Yes, you are. / No, you aren’t.Yes, you are. / No, you aren’t. Yes, you are. / No, you aren’t.Yes, you are. / No, you aren’t. Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t.Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t. Yes, they are. /No, they aren’tYes, they are. /No, they aren’t Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.
  • 10. Wh-Questions with BEWh-Questions with BE Question WordQuestion Word MeaningMeaning WhatWhat ThingThing WhereWhere PlacePlace WhoWho PeoplePeople WhenWhen TimeTime HowHow ConditionsConditions What TimeWhat Time Time on a clockTime on a clock How OldHow Old AgeAge WhyWhy ReasonReason
  • 11. Wh-QuestionsWh-Questions Word order:Word order: Wh- wordWh- word ++ am / is / aream / is / are ++ SubjectSubject QuestionsQuestions AnswersAnswers WhoWho is the teacher?is the teacher? The teacherThe teacher is Miryam.is Miryam. WhatWhat is her last name?is her last name? Her last nameHer last name is Rinkerman.is Rinkerman. WhereWhere is she?is she? SheShe is in the classroom.is in the classroom.