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The present-simple-tense

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  • 1. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Affirmative) She speak s English.
  • 2. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE
    • AFFIRMATIVE: WORK
    I YOU SPEAK SHE HE IT SPEAK S WE YOU THEY SPEAK
  • 3. 3 rd person singular - spelling
    • 1. In general, the third person singular is formed by adding an s to the base verb .
    • speak He speak s
    • 2. Verbs ending in ss,x,ch,sh,o add “ es ” to the third person singular.
    • dress She dress es
    • fix He fix es
    • watch She watch es T.V.
    • wash She wash es
    • go It go es !
    • 3. Verbs ending in consonant + y , changes the y to i and add “ es ”
    • Consonant + y  i + es : cry – cr ies , fly – fl ies , terrify - terrif ies
  • 4. What’s the 3 rd person singular?
    • 1. push
    • 2. sneeze
    • 3. glorify
    • 4. annoy
    • 5 . kiss
    • 6. deny
    • 7. marry
    • push es
    • sneeze s
    • glorif ies
    • annoy s
    • kiss es
    • den ies
    • marr ies
  • 5. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Interrogative)
    • DO ES HE WORK AS A DOCTOR ?
    YES, HE DOES.
  • 6. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE
    • INTERROGATIVE: WORK
    DO I YOU WORK ? DO ES SHE HE IT WORK ? DO WE YOU THEY WORK ?
  • 7. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Negative)
    • HE DO ES N’T WORK AS A DOCTOR, HE WORK S AS A TAXI DRIVER.
  • 8. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE
    • NEGATIVE: WORK
    I YOU DO NOT DON’T WORK SHE HE IT DO ES NOT DO ES N’T WORK WE YOU THEY DO NOT DON’T WORK
  • 9. The Present Simple Tense is used to describe:
    • 1 . Facts which are always true / general truths. e.g. : facts in science and geographical descriptions.
    Water freezes at 0 degrees. 0 º
  • 10. The Present Simple Tense is used to describe:
    • 2. Actions that happen regularly (Habitual actions). A frequency adverb is often used.
    They usually take a walk with their son
  • 11. The Present Simple Tense is used to describe:
    • 3 . Opinions, likes and feelings.
    She likes making snowmen.
  • 12. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE
    • TIME EXPRESSIONS:
    • FREQUENCY ADVERBS:
    • ALWAYS, OFTEN, GENERALLY, USUALLY, NORMALLY, SOMETIMES, NEVER.
    HE NORMALLY COOKS PASTA. (they come before the main verb, except the verb to be ) OTHER TIME EXPRESSIONS : EVERY DAY, EVERY MONTH, EVERY YEAR, ON SUNDAYS, AT THE WEEKENDS ETC. MUSICIANS SOMETIMES WORK ON SUNDAYS.