13 Feb


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13 Feb

  1. 1. Life Sciences
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Vocabulary Test 3 </li></ul><ul><li>GM Foods Comprehension </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feedback/Discussion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>David Porter Unit 6 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vocabulary Sheet 6 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grammar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Passive Voice </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Vocabulary
  4. 4. Vocabulary <ul><li>David Porter Unit 6 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In groups of 3/4, complete the questions in the exercises within the time given. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Once time is up, please pass the question paper to the next group. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each group will submit their answers to all exercises. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary Sheet 6 p.24 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work out meaning & usage with partner. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Vocabulary Sheet 6 p.24 <ul><li>Metabolism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The chemical processes occurring within a living cell or organism that are necessary for the maintenance of life. In metabolism some substances are broken down to yield energy for vital processes while other substances, necessary for life, are synthesized. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Vocabulary Sheet 6 p.24 <ul><li>Radical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arising from or going to a root or source; basic: proposed a radical solution to the problem . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Departing markedly from the usual or customary; extreme: radical opinions on education. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Favoring or effecting fundamental or revolutionary changes in current practices, conditions, or institutions: radical political views . </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Vocabulary Sheet 6 p.24 <ul><li>Strata (plural) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A horizontal layer of material, especially one of several parallel layers arranged one on top of another. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geology A bed or layer of sedimentary rock having approximately the same composition throughout. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Vocabulary Sheet 6 p.24 <ul><li>Abnormal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not typical, usual, or regular; not normal; deviant. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Vocabulary Sheet 6 p.24 <ul><li>Revise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To prepare a newly edited version of (a text). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To reconsider and change or modify: I have revised my opinion of him. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Vocabulary Sheet 6 p.24 <ul><li>Propagate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To cause (an organism) to multiply or breed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To breed (offspring). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To transmit (characteristics) from one generation to another. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To cause to extend to a broader area or larger number; spread: missionaries who propagate the faith. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To make widely known; publicize: propagate a rumor. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Vocabulary Sheet 6 p.24 <ul><li>Converse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To engage in a spoken exchange of thoughts, ideas, or feelings; talk. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Vocabulary Sheet 6 p.24 <ul><li>Clarify </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To make clear or easier to understand; elucidate: clarified her intentions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To clear of confusion or uncertainty: clarify the mind. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To make clear by removing impurities or solid matter, as by heating gently: clarify butter. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Vocabulary Sheet 6 p.24 <ul><li>Virtual reality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A computer simulation of a real or imaginary system that enables a user to perform operations on the simulated system and shows the effects in real time. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Vocabulary Sheet 6 p.24 <ul><li>Under the microscope </li></ul>
  15. 15. Vocabulary Sheet 6 p.24 <ul><li>Collide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To come together with violent, direct impact. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To meet in opposition; conflict. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Vocabulary Sheet 6 p.24 <ul><li>Volume </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A collection of written or printed sheets bound together; a book. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The amount of space occupied by a three-dimensional object or region of space, expressed in cubic units. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The capacity of such a region or of a specified container, expressed in cubic units. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Sorry to keep you waiting. A cigarette was smoked and a book was read while waiting.&quot; It is nothing. The Passive Voice
  18. 18. When to use the Passive Voice? p.10 <ul><li>Science fields : chemistry, biology, physics, math, computer science. </li></ul><ul><li>Medical fields : patient records, medical journals. </li></ul><ul><li>Legal fields : client records, proceedings, notes. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Why use Passive Voice? <ul><li>Let the facts stand on their own! </li></ul><ul><li>Removes some accusations of bias (who did it, how many did it.) </li></ul><ul><li>Enhances objectivity, taking the actor (i.e., the researcher) out of the action (i.e., the research). </li></ul><ul><li>Presents an &quot;air&quot; or feeling of logic. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Why use Passive Voice? <ul><li>BUT , can lead to awkward and confusing sentence structures and is generally considered less engaging (i.e., more boring) than the active voice. </li></ul><ul><li>SO , most general style guides recommend only sparing use of the passive voice. </li></ul><ul><li>Lab Report & Scientific Writing p.8 </li></ul>
  21. 21. Practice p.10 <ul><li>In groups of 3/4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rewrite the sentences into the passive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select 1 sentence each (from various sources) on the subject of science and rewrite it to the passive/active. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present your answers to the class. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Practice p.10 <ul><li>I did this experiment several times. Each time I got the same results. After the last time, I was convinced that I was right. The new bacteria must have caused all the problems we found in our patients. </li></ul><ul><li>The procedure was repeated until there was certainty regarding the results. The problems encountered by the patients were caused by the bacteria. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Practice p.10 <ul><li>Our team successfully performed the first liver transplant in a rabbit. </li></ul><ul><li>The first liver transplant in a rabbit was successfully performed by our team. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Practice p.10 <ul><li>The research team at Xeno University did not draw the correct conclusions from their data which actually shows that life is supportable on Mars under very limited conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>The correct conclusions from the data which shows that life is supportable on Mars under very limited conditions was not drawn by the research team at Xeno University. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Practice p.10 <ul><li>Mad Maximillan is 86 years old today which makes him the longest surviving head transplant patient. </li></ul><ul><li>The longest surviving head transplant patient is considered to be Mad Maximillan who is 86 years old today. </li></ul>
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